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[科技报道]南非上网堪忧?

2014-02-27    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report.

South Africa is the richest countries in Africa, it is also one of the most modern and technologically advanced. It has some of the best rail, road and communication systems in Africa. Yet more than two-thirds of South African adults have never used the Internet.

The South African Network Society recently reported that only 34% of South African adults use the Internet. That is about 12 million people.

Three-quarters of the country's Internet users live in cities. Most of them use cell phones to get on the Internet. The rest go to Internet cafes or use the Internet at school or work.

Indra de Lanerolle is with the South African Network Society. He says there are many reasons why so few South Africans use the Internet. Cost is one of them.

"We do have expensive costs and cost is a big limitation to Internet use. It stops some people (from) using the Internet at all, and the other thing it does it stops people (from) using it very much. So unless we can do much better than 1 in 3 connected, increasingly that’s going to be a real disadvantage for the country."

Poor Internet connectivity in rural South Africa and the high prices of Internet-ready mobile phones have also kept the poor disconnected. Most schools and work places in rural South Africa, where the majority of country's people live, have no Internet connection.

And many areas of the country do not have Internet cafes. Sam Gina lives in Johannesburg, he has never been on the Internet.

"At home I don’t have it. Laptop is too expensive for me. Now I am using a phone that doesn’t have Internet."

Wilson Ayong is a Cameroonian citizen who operates an Internet cafe in Johannesburg. He says the prices at Internet cafes are too high for many south Africans.

"An hour here we take for five Rand. We give three hours for 10 Rand, we give 30 minutes for three Rand, 15 minutes for two Rand. It’s a bit expensive."

So why it is so expensive to get on the Internet in Africa's richest country. One reason is South Africa has too little bandwidth for its needs. And these private providers increase the country's bandwidth, they are making users pay the cost to do so.

Even so the South African Network Society's Mr. de Lanerolle says Internet access in the country is improving. He says a new generation of Internet users from the country's middle class is quickly entering an area once reserved for the rich.

His believe is supported by reports that show Internet usage and access in South Africa has increased by more than 100% in the last five years.

And that's the Technology Report from VOA Learning English. I'm June Simms.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2013-10-21


南非是非洲最富裕的国家,也是非洲最现代化、科技最前沿的国家之一。其拥有非洲最好的铁路、公路和通讯系统。但是,超过2/3的南非成人没上过网。

最近,南非网络协会报道仅有34%的南非成人上过网,大约1200万人。

3/4的南非网民居住在城里。多数网民通过手机上网,其余人在网吧、学校或单位上网。

Indra de Lanerolle任职于南非网络协会。他表示,导致南非上网的人寥寥无几的原因很多,费用是原因之一。

“我们上网的费用确实很高,而这确实让上网受到很大的限制。这甚至导致有些人根本不上网,其次,这使一些人很少上网。”因此,除非我们能做得更好,不然已有的1/3联网用户将逐渐成为我国的一大缺憾。”

南非农村地区联网率低和高价的可上网手机造成穷人放弃上网。许多农村地区的学校和办公场所都没有联网,这些地方也居住着南非大多数人。

同时南非的许多地区没有网吧,Sam Gina住在约翰内斯堡,他从未上过网。

“我在家上不了网,笔记本电脑对我来说太贵了,我现在用的手机也没有上网功能。”

Wilson Ayong是喀麦隆人,他在约翰内斯堡开了家网吧,他称网吧收费对许多南非人说都太贵了。

“网吧每小时收5兰特(南非货币单位),3个小时收10兰特,半个小时3兰特,15分钟2兰特,是有些贵。”

那么为什么在非洲最富的国家上网那么贵呢?其中一个原因是南非宽带满足不了所需,而私营服务商增加了南非宽带,而让用户承担这部分费用。

即便如此,南非网络协会的de Lanerolle 先生称南非国内的互联网接入率正在改善。他表示,南非中产阶级中新一代网民正在迅速进入这片富人预留地。

他的这种观点得到了印证,据报道显示,过去五年,南非网络使用量和接入提高了100%以上。



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