用户名: 密码: 验证码:    注册 | 忘记密码?
首页|听力资源|每日听力|网络电台|在线词典|听力论坛|下载频道|部落家园|在线背单词|双语阅读|在线听写|普特网校

[科技报道]外包市场的发展前景

2014-04-09    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
— 查看译文 —

tips:怎样阅读才是有质量的阅读了? 中英对照请点击【中英对照】查看译文请点击 【查看译文】进行核对。


From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report.
 
For years, many western companies have sent important business services to India, where they can be done at lower cost. This is called outsourcing, and it has brought jobs to India. Other countries have seen the economic benefit of outsourcing and are seeking to copy the Indian model.
 
For example, officials in Uganda have opened an outsourcing centre to train people in Internet technology. Their aim is to create jobs for Ugandans.
 
26-year-old Flavia Aliteesa studied information technology in school. Today, she is happy to have a job but does not perform high level IT work. She says, many of her former classmates have been unemployed for years.
 
"First of all, I was given an opportunity to start working, otherwise I would have been seated back home doing nothing. At least it has given me a sense of independence, since I earn and I can do something on my own," said Aliteesa.
 
Flavia Aliteesa works for a company called Techno Brain, it offers business process outsourcing, or BPO, to foreign companies. The Ugandan government hopes more companies like Techno Brain will begin operating in the country.
 
Uganda supports its small but growing BPO industry by giving free office space and Internet service in Kampala. The government has trained hundreds of people in the skills that BPO companies need, and plans to train thousands more.
 
Many people in Eastern Africa speak English, and the area is in the same time-zone as Europe. So countries there could be good places for call centers and data processing. And says Rogers Karebi, the head of the Uganda BPO Association, labor costs in other countries are growing.
 
"Quite a number of firms in India, Asia and the Middle East have stepped up their prices, so the cost of outsourcing to the initially indigenous BPO destinations is on the rise. So, quite a number of firms in the demand markets are actually looking for alternative places to outsource to," said Karebi.

But there are big differences between Uganda and India, one of the most important is the cost of Internet service. Most experts agreed that the cost of Internet service in East Africa would eventually be lowered, but even this might not be enough.
 
Stephan Manning is an outsourcing expert at the University of Massachusetts. He says, East Africa might not have anything special to offer.
 
"These services need to be distinct enough so that they don't enter price competition. And that's exactly the problem. In Kenya, if you provide English-speaking call center operations, then you do nothing different than the Filipinos or India, and there's no way you can compete on costs," said Manning.
 
He says it might be better for African countries to offer their services to neighboring countries. That way, he says, they would not being competition with Asia.
 
And that's the VOA Special English Technology Report. I'm June Simms.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2013-11-11


这里是美国之音慢速英语科技报道。

许多西方公司多年来已经将重要的商业业务委派到印度,因为在印度这些业务可以降低成本完成。我们称之为业务外包,同时外包还可以给印度提供就业机会。其他国家看到了业务外包的经济效益并致力效仿印度模式。

比如,乌干达官员已经开办外包中心培训网络技术人才,旨在为乌干达创造就业机会。

现年26岁的Flavia Aliteesa在学校学习信息技术,如今,她很高兴找到一份工作,虽然不是高端的IT工作。她称,许多以前的同学多年仍处于失业状态。

Aliteesa 说:“首先,我有机会开始工作,否则我只能坐在家里,无所事事。至少,工作给了我独立感,因为我能挣钱,我能靠自己做点什么。”
 
Flavia Aliteesa就职于一家叫Techno Brain的公司,公司向国外公司提供业务流程外包(BPO)。乌干达政府希望更多类似Techno Brain的公司在国内开办。

乌干达政府通过在坎帕拉提供免费办公场地和互联网服务支持其小规模却不断壮大的业务流程外包行业。政府已经培训出数百名外包公司所需的技术人员并计划再培训千余人。

许多东非人士会说英语,而且东非和欧洲处在同一时区。所以该地区的国家是建立呼叫中心和数据处理中心的优选地方。乌干达业务流程外包联盟负责人Rogers Karebi 称其他国家的劳动成本正不断增长。

Karebi 说:“不少印度、亚洲和中东地区的公司提高了报价,所以最初外包给这些业务流程外包地区的成本在上涨,因此,许多所需公司实际上在寻求其他地方进行外包。”

但是乌干达和印度存在很大的差异,其中最重要的一点是互联网服务成本。多数专家认同东非的互联网服务成本最终将得以降低,但是这还不够。

Stephan Manning是马萨诸塞州大学的外包专家,他表示东非不占任何特别吸引人的优势。

Manning 说:“这些服务需要有足够特别之处,以避免价格竞争。这就是问题所在。如果在肯尼亚提供英语呼叫中心业务,和菲律宾或印度没有区别,且无法在成本上取得优势。”

他表示非洲国家最好向邻国提供服务,这样他们可以避免和亚洲形成竞争。



顶一下
(17)
85%
踩一下
(3)
15%
手机上普特 m.putclub.com 手机上普特
[责任编辑:katee]
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论 查看所有评论
请自觉遵守互联网政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 密码: 验证码:
  • 推荐文章
  • 资料下载
  • 讲座录音
普特英语手机网站
用手机浏览器输入m.putclub.com进入普特手机网站学习
查看更多手机学习APP>>