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[科技报道]好莱坞视觉效果行业的危机

2014-07-31    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is the Technology Report.
 
Not everything you see in Hollywood movies is real. Some of the beautiful, strange, scary images might have been produced on a computer. They are called visual effects. They once were produced only in Hollywood, but that has changed. New technology makes it possible for one film to include visual effects created in different countries.
 
Venkatesh Roddam is the chief executive officer of Reliance MediaWorks in India.
 
"In the last five to seven years is where you've seen an explosion of content getting processed in different parts of the world, Not just India, but China, Taiwan, Korea, India; these are all the markets that content from Hollywood is going to," said Roddam.
 
Dave Rand is a co-founder of the Association of Digital Artists, Professionals &Technicians. He says that sending visual effects work overseas hurts U.S. companies.
 
"I've been at 12 different visual effects companies. [I've] been on the staff of five, all of which have gone bankrupt for one reason or another; basically it's only two, the way we work and the subsidy race that's driven so many of them out of business," said Dave Rand.
 
Daniel Lay is the association's other founder, he believes U.S. federal courts should get involved in Hollywood's use of visual effects made by foreign companies.
 
"The United States government puts very strong anti-subsidy laws that have been around for years that allow for domestic industries that are being injured by these international subsidies to seek relief through the trade courts," Lay said.
 
Mr. Lay says he wants a tax ordered on work produced outside the U.S. Not surprisingly, Venkatesh Roddam of Reliance MediaWorks does not agree.
 
"It's not a progressive idea. You are actually artificially pumping up the cost. You are limiting talent availability," said Roddam.
 
Kunal Chindarkar works in Singapore for the visual effects company Double Negative. He says he learns a lot working on Hollywood movies with people from all over the world. His co-workers at Double Nagetive include people from Australia, France and the United Kingdom.
 
Venkatesh Roddam says working with Hollywood improves the quality of work worldwide. He says it is important for visual effects companies to have a presence in the U.S.
 
"You cannot survive in this marketplace without a physical presence here. So from that perspective, companies like ours will continue to create American jobs in America, rather than actually think about how much of this work is going to Canada or U.K. or India or China," said Roddam.

He says the visual effects industry will continue to develop. He adds that those who want to stay in the business will have to continue to change with it.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2014-06-02


这里美国之音慢速英语科技报道。

你在好莱坞电影里看到的并非都是真实的,一些唯美、诡异、恐怖的画面可能是电脑制作的。这些称为视觉效果。这些曾经只是好莱坞的专利,但是如今并非如此。新技术使一部电影包含的视觉效果可能由不同国家制作。

Venkatesh Roddam是印度信实媒体的首席执行官。

Roddam 说:“过去的五到七年,你会发现世界各地制作这种模式实现了爆发性增长,不仅仅是印度,还有中国和韩国,这些都是好莱坞电影将要去的地方。”

Dave Rand是美国数码艺术家、专家和技术人员协会的联合创立者,他表示将视觉效果工作送到海外制作损害了美国公司。

Dave Rand 说:“我曾经去过12个视觉效果公司,我在其中5家工作过,这些公司现在因为这样那样的原因破产了。原因基本上有两个,工作的方式和补贴竞争,这导致其中许多公司歇业。”

Daniel Lay是协会的另一创始人,他认为美国联邦法庭应该介入好莱坞使用外国公司视觉效果这件事。

Lay 说:“美国政府多年来推出十分严苛的反补贴法规,允许因国际补贴而受损的国内企业通过贸易法庭寻求帮助。”

Lay先生表示希望对国外制作的作品征税,毫无疑问,信实媒体的Venkatesh Roddam对此并不赞同。

Roddam说:“这并非是个进步的想法,实际上是人为增加成本,限制人才供应。”

Kunal Chindarkar就职于新加坡视觉效果公司Double Negative,他表示和世界各地的人们一起制作好莱坞电影中学到很多。他在公司的同事来自澳大利亚、法国和英国。

Venkatesh Roddam表示和好莱坞合作提高了世界范围的作品水准。他表示视觉效果公司在美国立足十分重要。

Roddam 说:“没有在美国立足,就很难在这个市场存活,所以从这个角度来看,像我们这样的公司将继续在美国创造岗位,而非考虑有多少工作将去加拿大、英国、印度或中国。”

他表示视觉效果产业将持续发展,他还补充,想留在这个行业,就必须与之同步发展。



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