用户名: 密码: 验证码:    注册 | 忘记密码?
首页|听力资源|每日听力|网络电台|在线词典|听力论坛|下载频道|部落家园|在线背单词|双语阅读|在线听写|普特网校

VOA慢速英语[科技报道]美国无人机管理过严 影响学生研发

2016-03-04    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
— 查看译文 —

tips:怎样阅读才是有质量的阅读了? 中英对照请点击【中英对照】查看译文请点击 【查看译文】进行核对。


Flying devices, called drones, may be one of the most important technologies of the future.

The number of jobs for people who know how to design, build and control them is increasing.

Because of this increase, several U.S. universities and colleges started offering degrees in unmanned aerial systems, or UAS.

One of these universities is the University of Washington in Seattle. Christopher Lum is an aeronautics research scientist with the university's Autonomous Flight Systems Laboratory. Lum helps students explore how civilian drones can safely share the skies with regular aircraft.

Ryan Valach loves the three years he spent in the flight lab.

"One of the coolest parts is [working] with industries and all the cool technology we work with. It is a definitely an opportunity that a lot of students don't usually get," he said.

Ward Handley is seeking a master's degree in aeronautics and astronautics at University of Washington. When the drone program first began, he did not think it was a good idea.

"I … decided, no I do not want to work on drones because of the privacy issues," he said. Drones can be used to invade people's privacy.

But when an offer for a paid position in the drone lab appeared, Handley changed his opinion.

He said, "I'd like to see them used for good rather than [bad]. I think there are good enough [purposes] for them that are really useful.”

However, the Federal Aviation Administration, or FAA, is creating new rules to control the use of drones. The FAA is the part of the U.S. government that controls air travel and traffic.

A new FAA law requires drone owners to register their drones. All drones must be registered in a government database by February 19, 2016. People who do not register their drones could face fines of up to $20,000.

Changing current rules may present problems for students looking for drone-pilot experience. One problem for many school's unmanned aerial systems programs is finding a legal place to fly.

Students at Blue Mountain Community College in Pendleton, Oregon fly inside the college gymnasium.

In Seattle, University of Washington student Alec Bueing showed off the place where his department tests the drones. "It's just a [big] room that we move the tables and chairs out of. ... If it happens to get out of control toward the windows we [reduce] any damage," he explained.

Lum explained why they test drones inside a building. He said it takes a very long time to get official permission to fly outside.

"The federal [laws] are a little bit [restricting]. ... We need to register our aircraft. We need to [get] what is called a Certificate of Authorization," Lum said.

That process can take months.

The FAA wants to replace the way it examines requests to register drones. Now, the FAA looks at each case differently. The organization wants to create a national rule for civil UAS, and UAS used for business, later in 2016.

"At this time, Kansas State University is the only school with … [permission] to offer unmanned aircraft flight [classes] to students [outside]," an FAA representative wrote.

The FAA selected Kansas State and 15 other universities to be part of a national academic research group, called the Center of Excellence for UAS. The group will receive federal money to expand research and training.

Also in the group is the University of North Dakota. The university is the first to offer a UAS degree.

Lum and some of his students recently moved their research to Australia. Australia has fewer rules governing UAS. A professor at Western Washington University also took his department's drones to Canada for the same reason.

I'm Pete Musto.


飞行设备,也就是无人机,可能是未来最重要的一种科技。

越来越多的人知道如何设计,制造和控制无人机了。
 
随着了解此项技术人的人增加,几所美国大学和学院开始开设无人机系统学位.

上述类型的学校,在西雅图的华盛顿大学就存在。Christopher Lum就是大学自主飞行系统实验室的一名航空学调研科学家。Lum帮助学生研究如何让民用无人机安全飞行。

Ryan Valach非常珍惜自己花在飞行实验室的三年时光。

"最酷的地方就是和那么多企业合作,在工作中用到的技术。很多学生根本接触不到这些,我们却有机会。"他说。
 
Ward Handle在华盛顿大学航天专业攻读航天硕士。当无人机计划首次问世时,他不认为有前景。

"我认为,我不想研究无人机,因为这关系到隐私。"他说到。无人机可能会用作探求人们的隐私。

但是当无人机实验室招聘时,Handley改变了自己的想法。

他说,:"我相信他们把此项技术用在好的地方而不是坏的地方。我认为他们的目的都是好的,无人机技术确实非常有用。"

然而联邦航空管理局,联邦航空局(FAA)颁布了新的规定,控制无人机的使用。联邦航空局(FAA)属于美国政府的一部分,主要管理航空交通运输。

新的联邦航空法规定,无人机的机主需要注册无人机。所有无人机必须在2月19日之前注册在政府数据库里。没有注册无人机的人,可能会面临2万美元处罚。

改变目前的规定可能会对研究无人机实验的学生们带来问题。很多学校未命名的航天系统计划都存在一个问题,就是需要找一个合法的地方来飞行。

位于彭德尔顿蓝山社区学院的学生,只能在学校体育馆里飞行。

西雅图华盛顿大学一位名为Alec Bueing的学生展示了他们无人机试飞的地方。"这个大房间其实是我们把桌子和椅子都挪出去了,这样做是为了无人机失控撞向窗户时,能减少损害。"他解释到。

Lum解释了为什么他们在室内测试无人机。他说为了获得官方允许在室外试飞,花了很长时间。

"联邦政府的规定有点严格……我们需要注册登记无人机。我们需要拿到授权证书。"Lum说到。

拿到授权书可能花费数月。

FAA从原来的检测申请的管理方式转变为无人机使用登记制度。现在FAA对每个申请都区别对待。相关部门想给无人机方面制定完整的规则,以便到2016年美国能把无人机使用在商业方面。

“如今,堪萨斯州是唯一一个可以给校外学生教授无人机课程的学校。”FAA官员写到。

FAA选了堪萨斯州和其他15所大学成为国家学术研究报告组,名为无人机研究智囊团。该智囊团将会从联邦政府那里获得研究和开发的资金。

此外,还有北达科塔大学是美国第一个有资格授予无人机相关学科学位的大学。

最近,Lum和他的学生把实验室移到澳大利亚去了。澳大利亚对无人机的管控比美国的规定少。华盛顿大学一位教授出于同样的原因,也把自己的研究室搬到了加拿大。



顶一下
(51)
91.1%
踩一下
(5)
8.9%
手机上普特 m.putclub.com 手机上普特
[责任编辑:Tina]
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论 查看所有评论
请自觉遵守互联网政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 密码: 验证码:
  • 推荐文章
  • 资料下载
  • 讲座录音
普特英语手机网站
用手机浏览器输入m.putclub.com进入普特手机网站学习
查看更多手机学习APP>>