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[词汇典故] 和钱有关的成语

2014-01-17    来源:putclub    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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Now, the VOA Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.

Most people enjoy working for several reasons. Their job might be fun, or they like their employer and the other people at work. Most people I know, however, work for the money. I do not know anyone who is loaded, or extremely rich. Most of my friends work to earn enough money to live. They have to make ends meet. They have to earn enough money to pay for the things they need. Some even live from hand to mouth. They only have enough money for the most important things.

They struggle to earn enough money to bring home the bacon. It can be difficult to earn enough money for a family to survive. Sometimes, poor people even get caught short. They do not have enough money to pay for what they need.

Or they have to spend or lay out more money than they want for something. When this happens, poor people have to tighten their belts and live on less money than usual. I hate when I have to live on less money. It takes me longer to get back on my feet, or return to good financial health.

However, other people are on the gravy train. They get paid more money than their job is worth. These people make a bundle. They really rake in the cash. In fact, they make so much money that they can live high off the hog. They own the best of everything and live in great ease. Sometimes they pay an arm and a leg for something.

Because money is no object to wealthy people, they will pay high prices for whatever they want. Sometimes, they even pay through the nose. They pay too much for things.

I am not rich. I did not make a killing in the stock market when my stocks increased in value. Yet, I am not poor either. When I go out with friends, I do not want to shell out or pay a lot of money. Often, my friends and I will chip in or pay jointly for a fun night out. When we go to restaurants the meal is Dutch treat. Each person pays his or her own share.

Once, the owner of a restaurant gave us a dinner on the house. We did not have to pay for our meals. However, I admit that we had to grease someone’s palm. We had to pay money to the employee who led us to our table. The money was for a special request. Yes, it was a buy off. The employee put us at the top of the list for a table instead of making us wait like everyone else. We had a great time that night and the meal did not set me back at all.I did not have to pay anything.

Because of that experience, I will always remember that nice things still happen in a world that is driven by money.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2013-10-06


许多人喜欢工作的原因各不相同。可能是因为他们的工作很有趣,或者是他们喜欢雇主和职场中的其他人。然而,我所知的很多人,是为了钱而工作的。我没有见过非常富有的人,我的大多数朋友工作都是为了赚钱。他们必须量入为出(make ends meet),赚钱满足自己的需求。有的甚至是为了糊口(from hand to mouth),他们所赚的钱只够买自己最需要的东西。

他们努力赚钱来养家糊口(bring home the bacon)。赚钱维持一个家庭的生计不容易。有时,穷人甚至会手头拮据(get caught short)。他们没有足够的钱来满足自己的所需。

或者,他们为了自己想买的东西,会花出(lay out)超过预计的钱。当这种情况发生,穷人就得勒紧裤腰带(to tighten their belts )。花比平时更少的钱。我讨厌手头拮据的情况,这使我会花很长时间才能重新开始(get back on my feet),财务状况才会好转。

然而,有些人工作清闲却拿着高薪(gravy train)。他们的工资超出了工作价值。这些人赚钱多(make a bundle),轻易就赚到大笔钱(rake in the cash)。事实上,赚了这么多钱,他们就能过着养尊处优的生活(high off the hog)他们拥有最好的,过着最安逸的生活。有时,他们为了某样东西花了大笔钱(pay an arm and a leg for something)。

因为对富人而言,钱不是问题(money is no object),他们会为了自己所想要的任何东西付出大代价(pay through the nose),超出原有的很多价值。

我并不富有。没有在股票升值时在股市大赚一笔钱(make a killing)。当然,我也不穷。当我和朋友出去的时候,我不愿意付款(shell out )或者支付一大笔钱。我们通常凑份子(chip in)出去玩一个晚上。当我们去餐馆吃饭通常AA制,每个人付自己的那部分钱。

有一次,餐馆的老板免费(on the house)让我吃了一顿晚餐。我们没有为这顿饭付钱。但是我承认需要收买一些人(grease someone’s palm)。我们必须付钱给邻座的服务。必须付钱给领座服务员。这笔钱有专门用途,这就是贿赂(buy off)。服务员领我们到排队的首位,这样我们就不用像其他人那样等座位了。这个晚上我们玩的很开心,这顿饭我也没花钱(set me back)。我没有为任何东西花钱。

因为这次经历,我会永远记得,在金钱驱动的社会里,还是有美好的事情发生的。



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