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[词汇典故]新手

2014-03-10    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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Now, the VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories.

Green is an important color in nature. It is the color of grass and the leaves on trees. It is also the color of most growing plants.

Sometimes, the word green means young, fresh and growing.

Sometimes, it describes something that is not yet ripe or finished. For example, a “greenhorn” is someone who has no experience, who is new to a situation. In the 15th century, a “greenhorn” was a young cow or ox whose horns had not yet developed. A century or so later, a “greenhorn” was a soldier who had not yet had any experience in battle. By the 18th century, a “greenhorn” had the meaning it has today -- a person who is new in a job.

About 100 years ago, “greenhorn” was a popular expression in the American West. Old-timers used it to describe a man who had just arrived from one of the big cities back east. The “greenhorn” lacked the skills he would need to live in the hard, rough country.

Someone who has the ability to grow plants well is said to have “a green thumb.” The expression comes from the early 1900s.

A person with a green thumb seems to have a magic touch that makes plants grow quickly and well. You might say that the woman next door "has a green thumb" if her garden continues to grow long after your plants have died.

"The Green Revolution" is the name given some years ago to the development of new kinds of rice and other grains. The new plants produced much larger crops. "The Green Revolution" was the result of hard work by agricultural scientists who had "green thumbs."

Green is also the color used to describe the powerful emotion, jealousy. The "green-eyed monster" is not a frightening creature from outer space; it is an expression used about 400 years ago by British writer William Shakespeare in his play "Othello."

It describes the unpleasant feeling a person has when someone has something he wants. A young man may suffer from the "green-eyed monster" if his girlfriend begins going out with someone else. Or, that "green-eyed monster" may affect your friend if you get a pay raise and she does not.

In most places in the world, a "green light" is a signal to move ahead. A "green light" on a traffic signal means your car can continue on. In everyday speech, a "green light" means "approval to continue with a project." We want you to know we have "a green light" to continue this series next week.

This VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories was written by Marilyn Christiano. I'm Warren Scheer.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2013-10-27


这里是美国之音慢速英语词汇掌故节目。

绿色是自然界中一种重要的颜色。它是青草和树叶的颜色,也是大多数生长中的植物的颜色。

有时,绿色意味着年轻、新鲜和成长中。

有时,它用于描述一些尚未成熟或完成的东西。例如,greenhorn是指没有经验的新手。在15世纪,greehorn是指小母牛或角尚未长出来的公牛。一个世纪左右之后,greenhorn是指尚未有任何战斗经验的士兵。到了18世纪,greenhorn就有了今天这种意思,它是指新手。

大约一百年前,greenhorn在美国西部是一个常用的表达。老一辈们用它来形容刚从美国东部大城市回来的一类人。这类人缺乏在这片艰难、崎岖的土地上生活所需的技能。

拥有让植物长势良好的能力的人被称为精于园艺。这一表达来自20世纪早期。

园艺好手似乎拥有一种魔力,能够让植物长势既快又好。如果在你花园中的植物死了很久之后,隔壁女人花园中的植物还在继续生长,你可能就会说她是一个园艺好手。

绿色革命(Green Revolution)是指若干年前新型大米和其它谷物的大发展。这些新作物产量更高。绿色革命是擅长种植的农业科学家辛勤工作的结果。

绿色还用于描述强烈的情感和妒忌。green-eyed monster(妒忌)不是指来自外太空的可怕生物,它是大约400年前英国作家莎士比亚在其剧本《奥赛罗》中用到的一种表达。

它描述了一个人当别人有他想要的东西时的不愉快感觉。一位年轻男子的女友如果跟别人走了,他可能就会遭受嫉妒的折磨。或者,如果你加薪了,而你朋友没有,嫉妒就会影响到你朋友。

在世界上大多数地方,绿灯(green light)是前进的信号。交通信号的绿灯意味着你的车可以继续往前开。在日常用语中,绿灯是指项目被批准继续进行。我们希望你知道,我们被开了绿灯,下周可以继续这个系列的节目。



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