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VOA慢速[词汇典故]与寒冷相关的词汇

2015-03-19    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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Now, the VOA Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.

Cold weather has a great effect on how our minds and our bodies work. Maybe that is why there are so many expressions that use the word cold.

For centuries, the body's blood has been linked closely with the emotions. People who show no human emotions or feelings, for example, are said to be cold-blooded. Cold-blooded people act in cruel ways. They may do brutal things to others, and not by accident.

For example, a newspaper says the police are searching for a cold-blooded killer. The killer murdered someone, not in self-defense, or because he was reacting to anger or fear. He seemed to kill for no reason, and with no emotion, as if taking someone's life meant nothing.

Cold can affect other parts of the body. The feet, for example. Heavy socks can warm your feet, if your feet are really cold. But there is an expression -- to get cold feet -- that has nothing to do with cold or your feet.

The expression means being afraid to do something you had decided to do. For example, you agree to be president of an organization. But then you learn that all the other officers have resigned. All the work of the organization will be your responsibility. You are likely to get cold feet about being president when you understand the situation.

Cold can also affect your shoulder.

You give someone the cold shoulder when you refuse to speak to them. You treat them in a distant, cold way. The expression probably comes from the physical act of turning your back toward someone, instead of speaking to him face-to-face. You may give a cold shoulder to a friend who has not kept a promise he made to you. Or, to someone who has lied about you to others.

A cold fish is not a fish. It is a person. But it is a person who is unfriendly, unemotional and shows no love or warmth. A cold fish does not offer much of himself to anyone.

Someone who is a cold fish could be cold-hearted. Now a cold-hearted person is someone who has no sympathy. Several popular songs in recent years were about cold-hearted men or cold-hearted women who, without feeling, broke the hearts of their lovers.

Out in the cold is an expression often heard. It means not getting something that everybody else got. A person might say that everybody but him got a pay raise, that he was left out in the cold. And it is not a pleasant place to be.

This VOA Special English program, WORDS AND THEIR STORIES, was written by Marilyn Rice Christiano. Maurice Joyce was the narrator. I'm Shirley Griffith

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2015-02-01


现在是美国之音慢速英语词汇掌故节目。

寒冷天气会对我们的头脑和身体产生很大影响。可能这就是许多短语使用cold这个单词的原因。

数百年来人体血液都和情感紧密相连。例如,没有任何人类情感或感受的人被称作冷血(cold-blooded)。冷血的人行事残酷,他们可能对其他人做出非常残暴的事情,而且并非出自偶然。

例如报纸上说,警察正在搜捕一位冷血杀手。这名杀手谋杀了某个人,不是出自自卫,也不是因为他对愤怒或恐惧做出的反应。他杀人貌似没有任何理由,没有任何感情,似乎夺走别人生命对他来说不意味着任何东西。

寒冷也会影响到身体其他部位。例如,脚。如果你双脚冰冷,厚袜子可以温暖它。但to get cold feet这个短语和寒冷以及你的双脚没有任何关系。

这个短语的意思是临阵退缩。例如,你同意担任某个组织的总裁。但随后你获悉其他所有人员都已经辞职。该组织所有工作都落到你身上。当你了解到这一形势后,你可能会在做总裁这事上临阵退缩。

寒冷也会影响到你的肩膀。

当你拒绝和某人说话时,你就冷落了某人(give someone the cold shoulder)。你对待他们非常疏远、冷淡。这个短语可能出自这样一种举动,你不想和某人面对面讲话时,你会转过去背对着他。当朋友未能遵守承诺时,你可能会冷落他。或者你可能会冷落对他人编造关于你的谎言的人。

Cold fish(冷漠的人,冷血动物)不是指鱼,而是指不友好、没感情、没爱心或热情的人。这种人不会给他人提供太多帮助。

这种人可能非常无情(cold-hearted)。无情的人是指没有同情心的人。今年来一些脍炙人口的歌曲唱的就是这种毫无感情的无情男女伤害了他们爱人的心。

Out in the cold(被忽视)是经常听到的一个短语,意思是指没有得到其他人获得的东西。一个人可能会说,除了他之外,所有人都加薪了。他被忽视了。处于这种境地不是很愉快。

这是美国之音慢速英语词汇掌故节目。由Marilyn Rice Christiano撰写,Maurice Joyce解说,我是Shirley Griffith.



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