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VOA慢速英语[词汇典故]股市常用短语和词语

2015-05-13    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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Now, Words and Their Stories, a VOA Special English program about American expressions.

I’m Rich Kleinfeldt with some financial words and expressions used in business and the stock market.
 
Our first expression is “in the red.” It is another way of saying that a business is losing money. In the past, numbers in the financial records of a company were written in red ink to show a loss.
 
A business magazine recently published a report about a television company. The report said the company was still in the red, but was able to cut its loss from the year before.
 
A profit by a business is written in black numbers. So a company that is “in the black” is making money. An international news service reported that a private health insurer in Australia announced it was “back in the black with its first profit in three years.”
 
Another financial expression is “run on the bank.” That is what happens when many people try to withdraw all their money from a bank.  A “run on the bank” usually happens when people believe there is danger a bank may fail or close.
 
 
Newspaper reports about a banking crisis in Russia used that expression. They said the government acted because of fears that the crisis would cause a run on the banks.
 
“When a run on the banks was starting, there was not much they could do,” said a banking expert.
 
“Day trading” is a new expression about a system that lets investors trade directly on an electronic market system. The system is known as NASDAQ, short for The National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation. It was the first completely computerized stock market. It sells stocks of companies not listed on any stock exchange. Many high technology companies are listed on it.
 
Day trading companies provide a desk and a computer system to an investor who wants to trade. Individuals must provide fifty thousand dollars or more to the trading company to pay for the stocks they buy. Thousands of other investors do day trading from computers in their homes.
 
A day trader watches stock prices carefully. When he sees a stock rise in price, he uses the computer to buy shares of the stock. If the stock continues to rise in price in the next few minutes, the day trader sells the shares quickly to make a small profit. Then he looks for another stock to buy. If a stock goes down instead of up, he sells it and accepts the loss.
 
The idea is to make a small profit many times during the day. Day traders may buy and sell stocks hundreds of times each day.
 
Many day traders lose all their money in a week or so. Only about thirty percent succeed in earning enough from their efforts to continue day trading.
 
This VOA Special English program, Words and Their Stories, was written by Frank Beardsley.  This is Rich Kleinfeldt.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2015-04-26


这里是美国之音慢速英语词汇掌故节目。

我是Rich Kleinfeldt,今天给大家介绍一些用于商业和股市的财经词汇和短语。

第一个短语是in the red(赤字、亏损),是表达企业在亏损的另一种表达。过去,公司的财务数据用红墨水书写来表示亏损。

某商业杂志近日发表了一份关于某电视公司的报道,报道称该公司仍处于赤字,但是较去年有所减少。

企业的利润用黑色数字记录,所以,“in the black”是指企业在盈利。据某国际新闻机构报道,澳大利亚私人医疗保险公司宣称在三年来首次重新赢利。

另一个金融短语是“run on the bank(银行挤兑).”这种情况发生于许多人都想从银行取回存款,通常是人们认为银行存在倒闭风险。

报纸在报道俄罗斯银行危机中涉及了该短语,报道称政府因为担心危机可能会导致银行挤兑而采取措施。

某银行专家称:“银行挤兑一旦发生,他们就没什么可以挽回的了。”

Day trading(日交易)是关于使投资者通过电子交易系统直接交易的新短语。该系统是纳斯达克,美国全国证券交易商协会的缩写,是首个完全电子化的股票市场,出售的股票不仅仅是任何股票交易所上市的公司,许多高科技公司也名列其中。

日交易公司为想进行交易的投资者提供一张桌子和电脑系统,个人必须向交易公司提供至少五万美元支付购买的股票,成千上万的其他投资者在自家电脑上进行日交易。

短线炒股者密切关注股价,当发现某支股价上涨,便用电脑买入这只股票的股份。如果股价在接下来几分钟内持续上涨,他便快速卖出股票赚点小钱,之后寻找其他可购买的股票。如果股价不升反降,他卖出股票,接受损失。

这样做是为了一天中进行多次交易赚点小钱,短线炒股者可能每天买入、卖出股票成千上百次。

不少短线炒股者一周左右便亏掉所有钱,只有30%左右从不懈努力中赚得够多继续进行日交易。

以上是美国之音慢速英语词汇掌故,由Frank Beardsley撰写,我是 Rich Kleinfeldt。



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