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VOA慢速英语[词汇典故]与服饰有关的英语表达

2015-10-22    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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Now, the VOA Special English program, Words and Their Stories.

Have you ever considered all the English expressions that include words about clothes? Let's hear Faith Lapidus name a few "off the cuff" -- or without any preparation.

People wear pants to cover the lower part of their bodies. We sometimes say that people who are restless or nervous have "ants in their pants." They might also "fly by the seat of their pants" -- they use their natural sense to do something instead of their learned knowledge. Sometimes, people may "get caught with their pants down"-- they are found doing something they should not be doing. And, in every family, one person takes control. Sometimes a wife tells her husband what to do. Then we say "she wears the pants in the family."

Pants usually have pockets to hold things. Money that is likely to be spent quickly can "burn a hole in your pocket." Sometimes you need a belt to hold up your pants. If you have less money than usual, you may have to "tighten your belt" -- you may have to live on less money and spend your money carefully. But once you have succeeded in budgeting your money, you will have that skill "under your belt."

I always praise people who can save their money and not spend too much. I really "take my hat off to them." Yet, when it comes to my own money, I spend it "at the drop of a hat" -- immediately, without waiting. And sadly, you cannot "pull money out of a hat" -- you cannot get money by inventing or imagining it.

Boots are a heavy or strong kind of shoes. People who are "too big for their boots" think they are more important than they really are. I dislike such people. I really do. You can bet your boots on that!

Yet, truly important people are hard to replace. Rarely can you "fill their shoes" -- or replace them with someone equally effective.

My father is an important person. He runs a big company. He wears a suit and tie and a shirt with sleeves that cover his arms. Some people who do not know him well think he is too firm and severe. They think he is a real "stuffed shirt." But I know that my father "wears his heart on his sleeve" -- he shows his feelings openly. And, he knows how to "keep his shirt on" -- he stays calm and never gets angry or too excited.

Also, my father has never "lost his shirt" in a business deal -- he is too smart to lose all or most of his money. This is because my father "rolls up his sleeves" --and prepares to work hard. He often has a special plan or answer to a problem that he can use if he needs it. He is like a person who does magic tricks. We say "he has a card up his sleeve."

This VOA Special English program "Words and Their Stories" was written by Jill Moss.

I'm Faith Lapidus.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2015-06-28


这里是美国之音慢速英语词汇典故。

你有没有留意过和衣服相关词汇的英语表达?一起来听费思.拉普蒂丝即兴(off the cuff)说词吧,就是说不预先做任何准备。

人们穿着短裤以遮掩身体下部。我们有时形容紧张不安的人裤裆里有蚂蚁(ants in their pants)。他们也可能是fly by the seat of their pants,也就是说他们凭直觉而不是他们所学的知识来做一些事情。有时,人们可能会caught with their pants down,意思是他们被发现正在做一些不应该做的事。此外,每一个家庭都有当家人。有时妻子会吩咐丈夫怎么做,我们就说,她在这个家里当家做主(wears the pants in the family)。

裤子上总是有装东西的口袋,花钱如流水就像口袋里被烧了洞(burn a hole in your pocket)。有时需要用裤袋勒紧裤子,当钱不多时,你可能要勒紧裤腰带了(tighten your belt),少花些钱,小心地花钱。但一旦成功地对钱做了预算,就能扎实地(under your belt)学会了预算的技能。

我总是称赞那些能省钱不乱花钱的人,我真的佩服他们(take my hat off to them)。不过,对于我自己的钱,我会马上花个精光(at the drop of a hat)。可悲的是,你不能凭空变出钱来。

靴子是一种沉重结实的鞋子,自负的人(People who are too big for their boots)想象自己比实际的更重要。我不喜欢这种人,真的,你可以打赌(bet your boots)。

不过真正重要的人很难被取代,你很难取代他们(fill their shoes)。

我父亲就是个重要的人,他开了一家公司,他穿着西装,衣着考究。不很熟悉他的人认为他古板严厉,认为他爱摆架子(a real stuffed shirt)。但我知道父亲很坦率(wears his heart on his sleeve),会直接表达自己的感受。他知道如何保持冷静(keep his shirt on),从不生气或太激动。

不过,我父亲从未在生意场上失手过(lost his shirt),他很聪明,不会输掉全部或大部金钱。这是因为父亲做好努力工作的准备(rolls up his sleeves),他对问题常常有特殊的解决方法,就像玩魔术的人一样,我们说他有制胜法宝(a card up his sleeve)。

这里是美国之音慢速英语词汇典故,作者吉尔·莫斯。

我是Faith Lapidus。



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