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VOA慢速英语[词汇典故]与暴风雪有关的表达

2016-03-17    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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Hello and welcome to the VOA Learning English program Words and Their Stories!

 
People all over the world love to talk about the weather. Today, we talk about expressions that come from extreme winter weather.
 
Winters in the northern United States are cold and snowy. Sometimes, the snows come with extremely strong winds. These snowstorms are called blizzards.
 
It is difficult to see through the fast blowing snow of a blizzard. So, they are often described as blinding.                        
 
The dictionary Etymology Online says blizzard came to mean a severe snow storm during the late 1800s. Before then, the word blizzard had nothing to do with snow. It had several other meanings. One was a sharp blow, like hitting a ball with a stick. Another meaning was a gun shot. And blizzard was also defined as a most extreme statement or event.
 
These days, we do not use blizzard to mean any of those things. Blizzard is only used to mean an extreme snow storm.
 
The first such use was in 1870. An especially violent and heavy snowstorm struck the state of Iowa. This storm was the worst winter storm in a long time. A newspaper editor in a small Iowa town called the terrible storm a blizzard.
 
Much like a blizzard, the use of the word blew across the country over the next few years. Just as snow sticks to the ground, the word blizzard stuck as meaning any really bad winter storm.
 
Snow changes the world around us. When snow is falling, the world seems somehow soft, peaceful and quiet. 
 
But blizzards are different. They can be dangerous.
 
Blizzards create white-out conditions. A white-out is when snow is falling fast and winds drive the snow so much that is impossible to see. Driving a vehicle in driving snow can be deadly. Cities sometimes declare a temporary state of emergency. This tells people to stay off the roads. This prevents accidents and also lets the snow removal trucks do their work.
 
Deep, heavy snow is difficult to move. Clearing snow from roads and sidewalks is hard work. During a blizzard, people often get snowed in. They cannot leave their houses because snow drifts block doorways.
 
To make matters worse, high winds and heavy snow can break limbs off trees. These limbs often hit power lines, cutting power and sometimes heat to homes and businesses.
 
People who stock up on food and supplies are better prepared to deal with a blizzard. They hunker down -- or remain in their homes for many days. Often before a blizzard, people panic shop. Stores see a run on things like bread, milk, eggs and toilet paper – all classic blizzard supplies.
 
Even though blizzards can be dangerous, some people still enjoy the excitement caused by this extreme weather. But no one likes to be snowed.
 
Snow as a verb means to tell someone many pleasant but false statements. This action is also called a snow job. If someone tries to snow you, you could say they are being cold, meaning their actions are rough, mean or unfeeling.
 
Blizzards may be hard to see through. But if you are smart, snow jobs are not. For example, if someone tells you that you can learn English without working hard, they are trying to snow you. 
 
But listening to VOA Learning English is a good way to help your English studies. And that is no snow job.
 

I’m Anna Matteo. 

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2016-01-31


大家好,欢迎来到VOA英语学习词汇掌故栏目。

 

全球各地的人们都热衷于讨论天气问题。今天我们将探讨一些源自冬季极端天气的表达。

美国北部的冬季寒冷多雪。有时,下雪时会伴随大风天气。这就是所谓的暴风雪(blizzard)。

出现暴风雪时,雪花急速飘落,能见度极差。因此人们通常用致盲(blinding)来修饰暴风雪。

 

在线词源词典,19世纪后期,暴风雪(blizzard)一词意为严重的暴风雪天气。在此之前,该词与雪并无任何联系。而是有其他若干含义。其中一项词义为重击,像用棍子击球。另外一项词义为枪击。此外,blizzard还有最极端的声明或者事件的意思。

 

但现在,blizzard不再有这些意思,而是只用来描述极端暴风雪天气。

 

这种用法首先出现在1870年。一场异常强烈的暴风雪袭击了爱荷华州。这场暴风雪是很长时间以来最严重的。爱荷华州一个小镇上的新闻编辑将此次骇人的暴风雪称作是blizzard。

 

像暴风雪一样,这个词的用法在接下来的几年间传遍了美国。像雪花落到地面,blizzard一词也被赋了冬季恶劣风雪天气的含义。

 

雪花改变了我们周边的环境。雪花飘落时,全世界似乎都是柔软的、和平的、安宁的。

 

但暴风雪就不一样了,它们或许非常危险。

 

暴风雪会造成雪盲。雪盲是指由于雪花急落风力强劲而不能看清楚的情况。在暴风雪天气中驾驶车辆可能是致死的。有时候各城市会发布临时紧急状况。警告人们远离公路。以防止交通事故,并让除雪车进行作业。

 

积雪太厚太深不易清理。清理道路和人行道上的积雪是件艰苦的工作。暴风雪时,人们常常被迫留在家中。因为积雪堵住了大门。

 

更糟糕的是,狂风暴雪可能会折断树干。这些树干通常会砸到电线,致使家庭和商业电力和供暖中断。

 

那些囤积了食物和供给的人们能够更好应对暴风雪。他们通常闭门不出。暴风雪之前,人们通常都会恐慌购物。暴风雪之前,人们通常都会恐慌购物。人们经常会抢购商店中的面包、牛奶、鸡蛋和手纸等常见的暴风雪天气供给。

 

尽管暴风雪天气可能会很危险,但是人们仍然喜欢该极端天气条件带来的刺激和兴奋。但没人喜欢被蒙蔽(be snowed)。

 

Snow 作动词意为告诉某人很多开心但并不真实的话。这种行为通常被称作是花言巧语(snow job)。如果某人蒙蔽你,你可以说他们不友好,意思是他们的行为让人不愉快、刻薄且无情。

 

暴风雪很难看透。但如果你足够聪明,就不会被花言巧语蒙蔽。比如,如果有人告诉你不用努力就能学好英语,那么他们就在蒙蔽你。

 

但收听VOA英语学习是提高英语的一种好方法。这可不是骗你!

 

Anna Matteo为您报道。 



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