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VOA慢速英语[词汇典故]文艺复兴时期衍生的英语表达

2016-05-03    来源:普特英语编辑部    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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 Hello and welcome to Words and Their Stories.

 
Each week we report on words and expressions commonly used in American English.
 
Today, we talk about people who can do many things.
 
Someone with many abilities often is called a “Jack-of-all-trades” or a “Renaissance person.”
 
A “Jack-of-all-trades” is a person who can do many different jobs. “Jack” is an old word for a worker and a “trade” is a kind of job or skill.
 
A Renaissance man or a Renaissance woman is a little different. This expression deals with a person’s education and knowledge, not so much with his or her skills.  
 
The word “Renaissance” comes from Old French and means “rebirth.”
 
The Renaissance is a period of European history that began in the 14th century. It’s a time when Europe began to awaken from the long period known as the Middle Ages.
 
Classical learning from Ancient Greece and Rome was reborn in many parts of Europe.
 
During the Renaissance, people became more interested in learning and educating themselves.
 
The word renaissance can describe anything that is experiencing a rebirth.
 
Arts, crafts and musical styles often undergo a renaissance. For example, you might say that currently in the U.S. playing the ukulele is experiencing a renaissance.
 
Many people are learning to play this small, Hawaiian guitar. Used in this way, “renaissance” is not capitalized.
 
 
In the U.S, the Harlem Renaissance is an African-American cultural movement of the 1920s and 1930s.
 
Named after a neighborhood of New York City, this Renaissance celebrated African-American culture, traditions, and ways of life.
 
However, when talking about people, the term Renaissance man or woman refers to a person who is talented in many areas, especially the arts and sciences. Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo and Benjamin Franklin often are called Renaissance men.
 
Everyone knows about these guys. The names of Renaissance women in history may be less well known. In the past it wasn’t as easy for women to get a formal education, even during the “awakening.” Also, women were often too busy at home to study up on their science.
 
But some women did find time.
 
A German woman named Maria Sibylla Merian (1647-1717) was a Renaissance woman. She spent her life investigating and drawing nature. After her husband died, she and her daughters traveled to Paramaribo, the capital of Suriname. For two years, they observed insects, birds, reptiles and amphibians.
 
Her book titled “The Metamorphosis of the Insects of Suriname,” showed Europeans for the first time the great diversity of the South American rain forest.
 
A more recent example of a Renaissance woman is the Austrian Hedy Lamar.
 
During the 1930s and 1940s, Lamar was one of Hollywood’s biggest movie stars. She was also an inventor.
 
During the Second World War, she created a way to protect radio communications from enemy troops. Her method switched radio frequencies in a preprogrammed pattern.
 
While the Navy did not use the technology, other inventors built upon her idea. Eventually, the U.S. government did use frequency hopping as do many telecommunications companies today.
 
Lamar once said she hated being known for her beauty and not her mind – a problem Renaissance men like da Vinci and Franklin most likely did not have to face.                        
 
And that brings us to the end of this Words and Their Stories.
 
Do you have a favorite Renaissance woman or man? Do you have a similar word in your language? Let us know in the Comments Section.
 
I'm Anna Matteo.
 (文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2016-03-27)

大家好,欢迎收听《词汇典故》节目。

 
每周我们都会介绍美语中常用的词汇和表达。
 
今天,我们讨论下多才多艺的人吧。
 
博学多才的人被称为“万事通”或“多才多艺的人”。
 
万事通是指一个人可以在不同行业自由切换,“Jack”旧指工人,“trade”指的是一项工作或技能。
 
“多才多艺”和“万事通”有所不同,“多才多艺”侧重一个人的学识而非他的技能。
 
Renaissance这个词语来自古法语,意思是“重生”。
 
文艺复兴时期是欧洲历史上起源于14世纪的一个时期,在此期间,欧洲从漫长的中世纪时期开始觉醒。
 
欧洲大部分地区再次兴起从古希腊和古罗马学习经典文化。
 
在文艺复兴时期,人们注重学习及自身文化休养且兴趣盎然。
 
“复兴”这个词语可用以描述任何经历重生的事物。
 
艺术、工艺和音乐风格通常会经历复兴。比如,你可以说当下美国流行弹奏尤克里里就是在经历复兴。
 
很多人开始学习弹奏夏威夷小吉他,这种情况,“renaissance”不用大写。
 
在美国,哈莱姆文艺复兴是20世纪20年代至20世纪30年代发起的一场美国黑人文化运动。
 
这场运动以纽约附近地区命名,向美国黑人文化、传统和生活方式致敬。
 
但是,在谈论人时,“多才多艺的人”是指在许多领域都天赋异人的才子或才女,特别是艺术和科学。达芬奇、米开朗琪罗和本杰明•富兰克林通常被称为多才多艺的人。
 
这些人,众所周知,而历史上多才多艺的女性却知之甚少。过去,女性接受正规教育不易,即使是在“觉醒”时期。此外,女性通常忙于家务而无暇研究科学领域。
 
但是有些女性的确挤出时间来了。
 
一个名叫Maria Sibylla Merian的德国女人,就是位多才多艺的的女性。她倾其毕生研究和描绘自然。她的丈夫离世后,她和女儿到苏里南首都帕拉马里博旅行。两年期间,她们观察昆虫、鸟类、爬行动物和两栖动物。
 
她著有书籍《苏里南昆虫的蜕变》,向欧洲人们首次展示了丰富多样的美洲南部热带雨林。
 
近期,可以称之为多才多艺的女性是奥地利的Hedy Lamar.
 
在20世纪30年代至20世纪40年期间,Lamar是好莱坞巨星之一,她还是个发明家。
 
二战期间,她发明了避免敌军窃取无线电波交流的方法。她的方法是将无线电频率调到某个预编模式.
 
虽然海军没有采用这项技术,但是其他发明家受到启发,最终美国政府利用无线跳频技术,和如今的很多通信公司所使用的一样。
 
Lamar曾说自己讨厌因美貌而非思想为人熟知---这是达芬奇、富兰克林这种多才多艺的男性不曾面临过的问题。
 
今天《词汇典故》节目就到这里。
 
你有喜欢的多才多艺的女性或男性么?你的母语中是否有相似表达呢?请在评论区留言。
 
我是Anna Matteo.


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