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VOA慢速英语[词汇典故] 与“自我”相关的英语表达

2016-05-05    来源:普特英语编辑部    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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Hello! From VOA Learning English, this is Words and Their Stories.

 
Have you ever talked to someone who only wants to talk about themselves? It’s “me, me, me” or “I, I, I” from them all day long! This kind of talk can be a real “turn off” to the people listening.
 
But at times, perhaps we are all guilty of being selfish or self-absorbed. For those days, here are some self-centered expressions you can use.
 
Today our program is all about you!
 
Let’s start with the word “self.”
 
“Self” can be added to many words to make new words. If you are self-conscious, you are aware of yourself in a bad way. You carefully plot your every move. People who are self-conscious can seem nervous around others and perhaps not very self-confident.
 
However, self-awareness is a good thing.
 
Self-awareness means you recognize both your good points and bad points. A person who is self-aware understands that what they say and do affects the people around them.
 
The difference between being self-aware and self-conscious may seem minor. But there is a big difference.
 
Self-employed people are people who work for themselves. They are their own bosses. But people who are self-serving only think of their own needs. However, if you are self-employed, being a self-serving business person is a good thing. No one is there to help you. You must look after yourself.
 
Self-preservation is also good thing. You have to depend on yourself to survive. However, self-pity is not a good thing to have. Nobody likes to be around people who always feel sorry for themselves.
 
You don’t have to be filled with self-pity to annoy other people around you.
 
If you are unable to make a decision, people could say to you, “suit yourself.” This expression is a response when you don’t really care what someone does. It means "do as you please." In other words, have it your way!
 
Let’s listen to an example:
 
“I don’t think I’m going to the party tonight.”
 
“But you just said you were going and that you would give me ride!”
 
“Okay, I’ll go.”
 
“Look, suit yourself. Don’t go because of me. But make up your mind!”
 
Some expressions using the word “self” can sound strange.
 
Take, for example, the saying to be beside yourself. To many people, this might sound like you are having an out-of-body experience. But to be beside yourself means to be affected by a strong, usually negative emotion, like anger or sadness.
 
Here are a few examples:
 
“When her mother died, she was beside herself with grief.”
 
“He was so upset that he was beside himself.”
 
Another unusual-sounding expression is to be full of yourself. This means that you think so highly of yourself that you are full; there is no room for anyone else.
 
If you are full of yourself, you might think that you are the greatest thing since sliced bread -- a common expression in American English.
 
If you are full of yourself, you may need to get over yourself. “To get over yourself” may sound like a difficult physical exercise. But it only means that you need to think of others not just yourself.
 
If you are way too caught up in your own life or think you are better than everyone else, others might say to you, “Get over yourself.”
 
Now, getting out of your own way is different. This means that the thing or barrier keeping you from getting what you want is you!
 
If you are the reason you are not achieving your goals, a friend could say to you, “You have to get out of your own way!”
 
People who experience hard times can become a shadow of their former self. This means they have less influence or strength than they once did.
 
For example, imagine a man who has a loving wife, a high-paying job and helps out in his community. Then his wife leaves him. She blames herself for the separation. But this doesn’t help. The man turns to alcohol to escape his marriage problems. Then he loses his job, his home, his friends. When you see how low he has fallen, you could say he is a shadow of his former self.
 
But enough about him.
 
Let’s get back to you. Practice using some of these “self” expressions to express yourself.
 
I’m Anna Matteo.

欢迎收听美国之音慢速英语词汇掌故节目。

 

你有没有曾经跟那些只想谈论自己的人聊过天呢?“我,我,我”或“我,我,我”一整天!这样的谈话很容易让听的人失去兴致。

 

但有时,也许我们也会感到自私或固执己见的负罪感。在那些日子里,这里有一些以“自我为中心”的表达可以使用。

 

今天我们的节目是关于“你”的一切!

 

让我们先从“自我”开始。

 

“自我”可以添加在许多单词里从而成为新的单词。如果你很害羞,你知道自己某方面很不好。你小心自己的一举一动。有自我意识的人可能在其他人面前显得紧张,又或许是很不自信。

 

然而,自我意识也可以是一件好事。

 

“自觉”意味着你了解自己的优点和缺点。一个有自知之明的人,会明白他的所言所行,会影响他周遭的人。

 

自知之明和自我意识的区别可能看起来很小。但其实还是有实质性的差别。

 

自由职业者,是那些为自己工作的人。他们是自己的老板。但self-serving(自私自利的)人却只考虑自己的需求。然而,如果你是个自由职业者,做一个利己的商人也是件好事。毕竟没有人帮你。你必须照顾好自己。

 

自我保护也是件好事。你必须依靠自己生存。然而,自怜并不见得是一件好事。没人喜欢自己身边的人总是在为他自己感到难过。

 

你不必充满自怜惹恼别人。

 

如果你无法做决定,人们可能会说,“请自便!”。这个表达通常是用在当你根本不在意别人做什么的时候。意思是,你怎么高兴怎么做。换句话说,按你自己的方式做吧!

 

让我们来听一个例子:

 

“我不想要参加今晚的聚会了。”

 

“可你刚才说你要去的,而且还要顺便送我。”

 

“好吧,那我去。”

 

“听着,随你吧。别因为我而去。但你要自己下决定。”

 

一些表达方式使用“自我”这个词可能听起来有点奇怪。

 

举个例子,有句话说“自己呆在自己身边”。对许多人而言,这听起来像你有“灵魂出窍”的经历。但是" to be beside yourself "意思是被一种强烈的情绪,通常是负面情绪所影响,比如愤怒或悲伤。

 

下面还有一些例子:

 

“当她母亲过世,她被悲伤笼罩。”

 

“他极度的沮丧。”

 

另一个常听到的表达是"full of yourself".意思是,你自我评价很高,心里只有你自己,没别人什么事儿。(太自以为是了)

 

如果你"full of yourself",你可能认为你是继sliced bread之后最好的。-sliced bread是美式英语中常用的表达。【极好的东西(赞赏)】

 

如果你很自以为是,你应该不要那么臭美。(get over yourself)"To get over yourself"可能听起来像是很难的体能训练,但其实它表示,你应该多想想其他人而不光是你自己。

 

如果你太沉迷于自己的生活或认为你比别人好,别人就可能对你说,“别太自以为是了。” 

 

如今,"getting out of your own way"有些不同。这表示,那个一直阻碍你的事物,阻止你得到你想要的障碍,其实是你自己。

 

如果你没有实现你的目标是因为自己的原因,那你的朋友就可以说,"getting out of your own way!"

 

那些经历许多磨难的人们,会成为以前的自己的影子(判若两人)。这表示,他已经不像曾经那样有影响力或力量了。

 

比如,想象有一个男人拥有一个亲爱的妻子,一份高薪的工作,并能帮助他的社交圈子。但随后他的妻子离开了他。她对分离感到自责,但这无济于事。这个男人为了逃避婚姻问题而选择酒精(麻痹自己)。然后,他失去了他的工作,他的家庭,他的朋友。当你看到他如此堕落,你可以说"he is a shadow of his former self"(他和之前简直是判若两人。)

 

但,关于他我们说够了。

 

我们再回到你。练习用一些关于“自己”的表达来描述“你自己”。

 

我是安娜·马特奥。

 



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