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【美国总统演讲】2015-10-31(双语)

2015-11-26    来源:whitehouse    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

【美国总统演讲】2015-10-31(双语)

Weekly Address: It’s Time To Reform our Criminal Justice System
每周电视讲话:改革刑事司法体系势在必行

WASHINGTON, DC — In this week's address, the President spoke to the need for meaningful criminal justice reform in America.  America faces a cycle of poverty, criminality, and incarceration that traps too many Americans and weakens too many communities.  The President believes that we can disrupt the pipeline from underfunded schools to overcrowded jails, and make our criminal justice system smarter, fairer, and more effective.  That’s why in recent weeks, he has been traveling the country and meeting with Americans who are working to improve the criminal justice system, from law enforcement officials working to lower the crime and incarceration rates, to former prisoners who are earning their second chance.  And on Monday, the President will travel to Newark, New Jersey to highlight efforts to help Americans who’ve paid their debt to society rejoin their communities.
华盛顿:在本周的讲话中,奥巴马总统介绍了在美国进行有实际意义的刑事司法改革的必要性。美国面临着一个从贫穷到犯罪的循环怪圈,监狱中关押了太多的人,损害了众多的美国家庭。总统认为我们可以打破把人从缺少资金支持的学校直接送进人满为患的监狱的现状,我们可以让刑事司法体系更合理、更公平、更高效。因此,最近几个星期,总统在全国各地访问,与正在努力为改进刑事司法体系做贡献的人们交流,包括从努力降低犯罪率和关押率的执法人员,到赢得第二次人生机会的刑满释放人员。下周一,总统将去新泽西州的纽华克,再次强调如何帮助那些完成改造的人融入社会,成为对社会有用的人。

Hi, everybody.  Today, there are 2.2 million people behind bars in America and millions more on parole or probation.  Every year, we spend $80 billion in taxpayer dollars to keep people incarcerated.  Many are non-violent offenders serving unnecessarily long sentences.
大家好!当今的美国监狱里关押着220万人,还有数百万假释和缓刑人员。每一年,我们要花销800亿纳税人的钱来维持监狱的正常运行。有很多非暴力的犯罪分子却被判了很长的刑期,这是不必要的。

I believe we can disrupt the pipeline from underfunded schools to overcrowded jails.  I believe we can address the disparities in the application of criminal justice, from arrest rates to sentencing to incarceration.  And I believe we can help those who have served their time and earned a second chance get the support they need to become productive members of society.
我相信我们可以打破把人从缺少资金支持的学校送进人满为患的监狱的现状。我相信我们可以解决刑事司法过程中的种种不公,例如抓捕率、判刑年限等。我相信我们可以帮助那些刑满释放赢得人生第二次机会的人们,让他们得到必要的扶持,成为对社会有用的人。

That’s why over the course of this year, I’ve been talking to folks around the country about reforming our criminal justice system to make it smarter, fairer, and more effective.
因此,过去的这一年,我一直在全国各地谈论要改革我们的刑事司法体系,让这一体系更合理、更公平、更高效。

In February, I sat down in the Oval Office with police officers from around the country.  In the spring, I met with police officers and young people in Camden, New Jersey, where they’re using community policing and data to drive down crime.  Over the summer, I visited a prison in Oklahoma to talk with inmates and corrections officers about rehabilitating prisoners, and preventing more people from ending up there in the first place.  Two weeks ago, I visited West Virginia to meet with families battling prescription drug and heroin abuse, as well as people who are working on new solutions for treatment and rehabilitation.  Last week, I traveled to Chicago to thank police chiefs from across the country for all that their officers do to protect Americans, to make sure they’ve got the resources to get the job done, and to call for commonsense gun safety reforms that would make officers and their communities safer.
今年二月,我在总统办公室与来自全国各地的警察们围坐一起。这个春天,我会见了新泽西州卡姆登的警察和年轻人,他们在用社区警务手段和相关数据降低犯罪率。夏天里,我视察了俄克拉荷马的一所监狱,与狱友和狱警们一起交流如何改造犯人,以及如何在第一时间防止人们被关进监狱。两周前,我到访西弗吉尼亚,与众多跟处方药和海洛因滥用进行斗争的家庭交流,那里的人们在采用新的方法接受治疗,戒掉毒瘾。上周,我在芝加哥与来自全国各地的警察官们相聚,感谢他们以及所有警察为保护美国的安全做出的贡献,保证他们有资源去完成他们的任务,并呼吁进行基本的枪支安全改革,让警察的工作更安全,让我们的社会更安全。

And we know that having millions of people in the criminal justice system, without any ability to find a job after release, is unsustainable.  It’s bad for communities and it’s bad for our economy.
我们都知道,数百万在监狱关押过的人,获释后没有什么能力找到一份工作,这是不可持续的。这对我们的社会不利,对我们的经济发展不利。

So on Monday, I’ll travel to Newark, New Jersey to highlight efforts to help Americans who’ve paid their debt to society reintegrate back into their communities.  Everyone has a role to play, from businesses that are hiring ex-offenders to philanthropies that are supporting education and training programs.  And I’ll keep working with people in both parties to get criminal justice reform bills to my desk, including a bipartisan bill that would reduce mandatory minimums for non-violent drug offenders and reward prisoners with shorter sentences if they complete programs that make them less likely to commit a repeat offense.
下周一,我要去新泽西州的纽华克,重点讲讲如何帮助那些已经接受监狱改造重新做人的人融入社会。每个人都有自己的一份责任,企业可以雇佣以前犯过罪的人,慈善机构可以为他们提供培训和教育。我将继续与两党人士共同努力,尽快把刑事司法改革法案送到我手头,这一法案包括两党的共同提议,降低对非暴力毒品罪犯的最低强制关押时间,对完成改造任务,表现良好的犯人进行缩短刑期的奖励,确保他们不会再次犯罪。

There’s a reason that good people across the country are coming together to reform our criminal justice system.  Because it’s not about politics.  It’s about whether we as a nation live up to our founding ideal of liberty and justice for all.  And working together, we can make sure that we do.
为什么全国各地的有心人士都来帮助我们进行刑事司法体系改革。因为这不是一个政治问题。而是关系到我们国家能否称得上是以自由、公正为立国之基的问题,让我们团结起来,我们可以做好我们应该做的事情。

Thanks, everybody.  Have a great weekend.  And have a safe and Happy Halloween. 
谢谢大家,祝大家周末愉快,过一个快乐祥和的万圣节。

probation n. 试用;缓刑;查验

incarceration n. 监禁;下狱;禁闭

bipartisan adj. 两党连立的;代表两党的

mandatory adj. 强制的;托管的;命令的

(译文来源于译言)



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