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【美国总统演讲】2016-04-16(双语)

2016-05-02    来源:whitehouse    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
【美国总统演讲】2016-04-16(双语)
 
WEEKLY ADDRESS: Ensuring Our Free Market Works for Everyone
每周电视讲话:保证自由市场环境惠及每一个人
 
WASHINGTON, DC — In this week’s address, the President discussed important steps the Administration has taken to encourage competition – the most essential ingredient in a healthy free market. Right now, too many companies are engaging in behaviors that stifle competition, stacking the deck against consumers, workers, and small businesses. The President emphasized that this isn’t fair – and that’s why he is doing everything he can to reverse this trend and to promote more competition. The President said that’s also why his Administration is encouraging the FCC to open up set-top cable boxes to competition, which will allow for companies to create new, innovative, higher-quality, lower-cost products – because it’s good for workers, businesses, and our economy.
华盛顿:本周的讲话,奥巴马总统介绍了政府采取的几项鼓励竞争的重要措施,竞争是健康的自由市场环境必不可少的元素。当前,有大量的公司存在各种扼杀竞争的行为,他们暗中操纵,损害消费者、劳动者及中小企业利益。总统强调这太不公平,因此,他要尽一切努力改变这一势头,促进竞争。总统称,也正是基于这个原因,本届政府正在推动FCC(联邦通信委员会)开放有线电视机顶盒接入竞争,这将让更多企业参与进来,提供新的、创新的、高质量、低成本的产品,所有这些对劳动者、对企业以及我们的经济发展都是有利的。
 
Hello, everybody.  One of America’s greatest strengths is our free market.  A thriving private sector is the lifeblood of our economy – it’s how we create jobs, expand opportunities, and give everybody a shot at success.  It’s what has made America the strongest country on Earth.
大家好!美国强大的力量之源就是自由市场。繁荣的私营企业是我们经济发展的命脉,这样的基础让我们创造就业、增加机遇,让每个人都有机会获得成功。这也让美国成为地球上最强大的国家。
 
The most essential ingredient in a healthy free market is competition.  But right now, too many companies are engaging in behaviors that stifle competition – like blocking new competitors from entering the market or limiting the information and options that give consumers real choice.  As a consequence, the rest of us pay higher prices for lower quality products and services.  Workers receive lower wages than they otherwise would.  Small businesses and entrepreneurs can get squeezed out of the market.  And none of that is fair – or good for our economy.
一个健康、自由市场环境中最重要的元素就是竞争。但是现在,太多的公司存在各种扼杀竞争的行为,比如说阻止新的竞争者进入市场,或阻碍信息交流不给用户提供真正需要的选项。随之而来的就是,我们付着高价钱,却享受着低水准的产品和服务。劳动者的工资也比他们应得的少。中小企业和企业主们被挤出市场。这些都是不公平的,对我们的经济发展也没有好处。
 
The deck should not be stacked in favor of the wealthiest individuals and the biggest corporations, against working Americans.  That’s why my administration is doing everything we can to reverse this trend and promote more competition in the marketplace.  In addition to enforcing the rules on the books, I’ve directed federal agencies to identify anti-competitive behavior in different industries, and find new and specific ways to promote competition.
发展的平台不能被把持在少数最富有的人以及少数大公司手中,不能损害工薪阶层的利益。因此,本届政府正在尽一切努力,扭转这一趋势,促进市场竞争。为巩固竞争环境,我们要依照法律规范,加强执法,我已经指示联邦相关机构,甄别各行各业存在的反竞争行为,探索新的可行方式,促进竞争。
 
One industry that’s ripe for change is cable TV.  Right now, 99 percent of cable and satellite TV customers rent set-top boxes from their providers.  According to one survey, this costs households an average of more than $230 per year.  We spend some $20 billion to rent these devices.  While we have almost unlimited choice in what we watch on television, from traditional programming to online content, there’s next to no competition to build a better, user-friendly product that allows you to easily access all this content in one place.  So most consumers just rent whatever the cable company offers.  Because we have to.  That means companies have little incentive to innovate.  As a consequence, we need multiple devices and controllers to access content from different sources.  That makes no sense.
其中应该尽快变革的就是有线电视行业。当前,99%的有线卫星电视用户是从运营商租用机顶盒。根据一项调查显示,每户家庭每年的平均租用成本超过230美元。我们每年要花200亿来租用这些设备。由于我们通过电视看什么应该是完全不受限制的,从传统电视节目到在线视频,但是这个领域几乎没有竞争来促生更好的、与用户更友好的产品,让我们可以方便的通过一个设备看到所有想看的内容。因此,有线电视运营商那里提供什么设备,大部分的用户也就租用什么设备。因为我们不得不这么做。也就是说,这些公司之间几乎没有任何创新的驱动力。随之而来的就是,我们需要各种各样的设备和遥控器,来接入各种来源的内容。这太不合理了。
 
So my administration has encouraged the FCC to remove the barriers to competition that prevent new players from offering innovative cable box options to consumers.
因此,本届政府已经在推动FCC取消这些阻碍竞争的障碍,让新的竞争者可以为用户提供具有创新意义的有线电视机顶盒。
 
We know this works.  For years, Americans had to rent our telephones from the phone company.  This was a while ago, but when the FCC finally unlocked competition for home phones, the marketplace was flooded with all kinds of phone options with new features, and at different price points.  Consumers suddenly had many options.  And the whole industry moved forward as a result.  The same can happen with cable boxes, and in dozens of areas of our economy – all of which can make a difference in your everyday life.
我们知道这样做是有用的。曾几何时,美国人民不得不从电话公司租用电话机。这个时期已经过去了,但是当FCC最终开启家用电话竞争之后,市场上涌入了各种各样的电话,拥有各种新的功能,各个级别的价格都有。这样,消费者一下子就有了多种多样的选择。整个产业也迅速向前发展。因此,同样的改变也可以在有线电视机顶盒上发生,包括众多其它行业也是如此,这些改变将为大家的生活带来不一样的变化。
 
The bottom line is, competition is good for consumers, workers, businesses, and our economy.  So I’m going to keep doing everything I can to make sure that our free market works for everyone.  Thanks, and have a great weekend.
最重要的就是,竞争对消费者、劳动者、企业以及我们的整个经济发展都是有利的。因此,我将继续尽我所能,确保自由市场服务于每一个人。谢谢大家!周末愉快!
 
(译文来源于译言)


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