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废物回收这件事 A matter of waste

2016-09-21    来源:未知    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

众所周知,回收再利用可以帮助缓解地球能源紧缺问题,但你知道到底什么可以被回收吗?装比萨外卖的盒子能回收吗?茶叶包能回收吗?英国各地方都设有不同的回收体系,各种回收容器的使用和每周变换的垃圾收取时间让英国人感到回收是一件非常复杂的工程。本期《随身英语》带你看看英国的垃圾回收系统。
课文内容

Should you recycle the box from your takeaway pizza or throw it away? Can you recycle aerosol cans? Is all plastic recyclable? How clued up about recycling are you?

We probably all know that recycling is good for the environment. It saves energy and limits the drain on Earth's resources. But do you know which items you should or shouldn't recycle?

废物回收
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In the UK, we have a well-established system of kerbside recycling. Most people expect to separate recyclable material from general refuse. A typical household recycles paper, cardboard, plastic and glass bottles, foil and drinks cans. Food and garden waste is now also collected. But in the last four years, the number of items rejected for recycling in England has gone up by 84%, mainly as a result of contamination.Many items end up in landfill or being incinerated when, with more care, they could be recycled. The problem often stems from confusion over what and how to recycle.

Across the UK the system of recycling differs between local authorities, and multiple containers are used for different types of recyclables. In one area there may be one large wheelie bin for recycling all household items, another for garden waste, and yet another for general waste. There are also composting food caddies – a small one for the kitchen and a larger one for the kerbside. These use compostable bags for food waste, including tea bags, coffee grindings and egg shells. A few streets away, another council may use a separate container just for glass bottles. Waste collection times vary – either weekly or fortnightly. Each week, you have to remember which bin has to go out. It's all highly confusing.

One of the biggest problems recycling firms face is food contamination. If your plastic milk bottle is empty, it's ok to recycle it, but if it contains a small amount of milk, it could result in contamination of the plastic recycling process. Likewise, paper fibres cannot be recycled if they are contaminated with food, so a cheesy pizza box shouldn't be recycled.

Conscientious consumers are constantly faced with recycling conundrums. You've just finished a carton of juice. Should you remove the plastic cap before recycling the carton? You feel the fate of the planet lies in your hands. My advice:stop worrying and crack open a bottle of beer! …Hang on!…. what should you do with the bottle top?!

词汇表

aerosol 喷雾器
clued up 对某事了解很多,熟知的
kerbside 马路边
refuse 废物,垃圾
foil 锡,箔(纸)
contamination 污染
landfill 垃圾填埋,垃圾填埋场
to incinerate 焚烧
local authority 地方政府
recyclable 可回收的
wheelie bin 带轮子的垃圾箱
composting 制作堆肥的
caddy 小罐
coffee grindings 咖啡渣
council 市政
paper fibres 纸纤维
conscientious 认真的,用心的
conundrum 难题,复杂的问题
carton 塑料盒
cap 瓶盖
bottle top 瓶盖
测验与练习

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. True or false? Recycling in the UK is a relatively recent phenomenon.

2. What happens to items that have been rejected for recycling? 

3. Why does the author of the article think people are confused by recycling? Give one reason.

4. How often are rubbish and recycling bins collected in the UK?

5.  What expression does the author use to indicate a sense of responsibility?

2. 请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. Don't throw __________! I'll take it to the charity shop. 

it off       away that       out it       it out

2. That talk about recycling was a real  __________ of time. They didn't tell me anything I didn't already know!

loss       drain       waste       lack

3. Today's solar energy industry has its __________ in the 1970s during the oil embargos.

vary       roots       stems        branches

4. The reason many recyclable items are rejected is because they are _________ with food.

contained       contaminated       composted       consumed

5. Global warming is possibly the biggest problem future generations will have to __________ with.

confront       face       deal       meet
答案

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. True or false? Recycling in the UK is a relatively recent phenomenon.
False. In the UK recycling is well established.

2. What happens to items that have been rejected for recycling?
They end up in landfill or being incinerated.

3. Why does the author of the article think people are confused by recycling? Give one reason.
(Any one from) There are different kinds of containers for different items. The recycling system can differ from one local authority to another. Collection times vary. People have to remember which bin to put out each week.

4. How often are rubbish and recycling bins collected in the UK?
Every week or every two weeks

5.  What expression does the author use to indicate a sense of responsibility?
The fate of the planet lies in your hands.

2. 请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. Don't throw it out! I'll take it to the charity shop.

2. That talk about recycling was a real  waste of time. They didn't tell me anything I didn't already know!

3. Today's solar energy industry has its roots in the 1970s during the oil embargos.

4. The reason many recyclable items are rejected is because they are contaminated with food.

5. Global warming is possibly the biggest problem future generations will have to deal with.



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