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为生态修复关闭旅游天堂岛屿 Closing the doors on paradise

2016-09-22    来源:BBC    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

泰国政府准备关闭多个受大众喜爱的海滩和岛屿以防止由旅游业对环境造成的破坏。本期《随身英语》讨论人类对自然美景造成的影响。

词汇: tourism 旅游

Koh Tachai is a beautiful Thai island. Sandy beaches, blue sea, plenty of sunshine; paradise … and that's why you can't go there! It's part of the Similan National Park, which attracts too many holidaymakers and divers and this has been causing problems.
 

随身英语

According to Tunya Netithammakul, Director General of the Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plants Conservation, "we have to close it to allow the rehabilitation of the environment both on the island and in the sea without being disturbed by tourism activities before the damage is beyond repair."

Many beauty spots around the world have paid a high price for their popularity. The Phi Phi Islands, also in Thailand, came under pressure after the movie The Beach, starring Leonardo Di Caprio, was filmed there. The boom in tourism might have been good news for local traders but not for the coral reefs, destroyed by boats' anchors and pollution from motorboats.              

Far away, in Ecuador, the Galapagos Archipelago, a World Heritage Site, is famous for a unique ecosystem that inspired Charles Darwin to write his Theory of Evolution. There's a concern about what can be taken away – it's illegal to buy souvenirs made from animal parts or native wood – but also about the invasive species brought in by visitors. A researcher has warned about the new types of ants arriving all the time travelling in aircraft, boats and even tourists' luggage.

Maybe we humans are the most threatening of all invasive species. We tend to leave rubbish everywhere and build infrastructure in some areas that can't support it. The question we should ask ourselves is: would we agree to give up visiting these paradises for a while in order to allow them to regenerate and preserve them for future generations or as we only live once, should we go wherever we like and enjoy it while it lasts?


词汇表

sandy beach 沙滩
holidaymaker 度假者
diver 潜水员
wildlife 野生生物
rehabilitation 修复
beauty spot 美景,名胜
a high price (付出了)高昂的代价
boom in tourism 旅游业迅速发展
coral reef 珊瑚礁
anchor 锚
motorboat 摩托艇,汽艇,游船
archipelago 群岛
ecosystem 生态系统
theory of evolution 进化论
souvenir 纪念品
invasive species 入侵物种
luggage 行李
infrastructure 基础设施


测验与练习

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。


1. Why do Thai authorities want to close Koh Tachai to the public?

2. What does the author mean when he says "paid a high price for their popularity"?

3. What have been particularly under threat in the island where The Beach was filmed?

4. True or false? Charles Darwin travelled to the Galapagos Islands before he wrote about how species have changed through the years.

5. Which means of transport are mentioned in the article?

2.请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. I want to travel light, so I'm not taking much _________ on holiday.

luggages                    luggage                     bags                   baggages   

2. After his operation, he needed to _________ before he was able to go back to work.

rehabilitate              recovered           retake              build

3. The koala is _________ species of Australia.

a domesticated        a foreign            a native          an invasive

4. Roads, railways and shops are part of _________ of a modern city.

the ecosystem         the infrastructure               the boom in tourism         paradise

5. I need a new computer. I dropped mine and it is _________ repair.

above                      over                  beyond              at   


答案

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。


1. Why do Thai authorities want to close Koh Tachai to the public?
Because they want to preserve the local environment.

2.  What does the author mean when he says "paid a high price for their popularity"? 
He means that too many people visited the beauty spots and it has caused damage to the local environment.

3.  What have been particularly under threat in the island where The Beach was filmed?
Coral reefs.

4.  True or false? Charles Darwin travelled to the Galapagos Islands before he wrote about how species have changed through the years.
True.  The famous British scientist was inspired by the unique ecosystem in the islands.

5.  Which means of transport are mentioned in the article?
Motorboats, boats and aircraft.

2. 请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. I want to travel light, so I'm not taking much luggage on holiday.

2. After his operation, he needed to rehabilitate before he was able to go back to work.

3. The koala is a native species of Australia.

4. Roads, railways and shops are part of the infrastructure of a modern city.

5. I need a new computer. I dropped mine and it is beyond repair.



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