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你是一名具有团队精神的人吗? Are you a team player?

2016-09-22    来源:BBC    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

你和同事们相处融洽、合作愉快吗?企业为了营造公司良好的氛围,打造气势高昂的团队,积极地让高管人员参加各种鲜活而有趣的营地培训。不过这些团队培训新招儿有效吗?《随身英语》和大家一起探讨。

词汇: work 工作

We hear a lot about team building these days. Team-building gurus are hired by some corporations to lecture us on how to work more effectively with each other. And they organise awaydays - a time employees spend together away from their usual workplace.

随身英语


Here in the UK, employees can take part in activities such as Zombie boot camps where military instructors train you how to fight walking 'dead people'. For the brainier office workers amongst us there are crime investigations modelled on popular TV dramas like Sherlock Holmes and CSI.

Stressed-out city workers might have ukulele lessons made available to them. Why is that a good team-building exercise? Ukulele teacher Lorraine Bow says: "The fact that they can play a musical instrument within an hour is quite a fulfilling thing, really. It's not competitive – it's quite easy to do and a bit less intimidating than a guitar…"

Actually, a horse might be a bit more intimidating than an instrument. The animals are used by a company in Abu Dhabi which teaches leadership through horse training. Basically, you have to go in a yard with a horse and persuade it that you're the boss by using body language.

Kelly Eide, co-founder of True Leadership, says: "The horses don't care if your hair is purple, if you're a man or a woman, if you're old or young... It transcends all of those cultural boundaries – age, gender, religion, tradition etc. – so that's a perfect fit. And in an organization where you really need groups of people to gel, who come from backgrounds which have no common norms, you can teach that most efficiently with a horse."

And the horse feels instinctively whether or not you are a natural leader. So if after you've done a good presentation your boss offers you a carrot, you'll know where he might have learnt it from.


词汇表

team building      团队建设
guru      领袖,权威
corporation      公司,企业
effectively      有效地
awayday      息工日
workplace      工作地点,工作场所
boot camp      训练营
brainier (brainy)      更为精明的
stressed-out      (因精神压力)精疲力尽的
ukulele      尤克里里琴
fulfilling      充实的,令人满意的
competitive      竞争的
leadership      领导能力
to persuade       说服
body language      肢体语言
to transcend      超越
to gel      (团队成员)相互磨合


测验与练习

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。


1. What are awaydays for?
2.  Which of the awaydays mentioned is more physically demanding?
3.  True or false? Ukulele lessons are designed for people who are highly intelligent.
4.  How long does it take for you to learn how to play the ukulele?
5.  How can a horse understand what a company manager wants?

2. 请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. I'm too fat at the moment. I'm going to spend a week in a __________ in which they offer dieting and intense exercise.

awayday     boot camp       workplace      yard   

2. My boss is a very impatient man. I find him very __________.

intimidating         competitive          brainier       a natural leader

3. My colleagues' __________ indicated that my presentation was successful! They looked very excited as I showed them my ideas.

leadership        fulfilment          body language         ukulele

4. Don't be shy. It will not help you to __________ with your new colleagues.

persuade        intimidate          transcend          gel

5. A good atmosphere in __________ can increase productivity.

the boot camp        the workplace         the leadership          Abu Dhabi


答案

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。


1. What are awaydays for?
To building team spirit among people who work for the same company.

2.  Which of the awaydays mentioned is more physically demanding?
The one in which you learn to 'kill' Zombies.

3.  True or false? Ukulele lessons are designed for people who are highly intelligent.
False. According to the article the brainier amongst us would feel more attracted to awaydays modelled on crime investigations – the ones in which you play the detective.

4.  How long does it take for you to learn how to play the ukulele?
According to ukulele teacher Lorraine Bow, it takes about one hour.

5.  How can a horse understand what a company manager wants?
By the manager's body language.

2. 请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. I'm too fat at the moment. I'm going to spend a week in a boot camp in which they offer dieting and intense exercise.

2. My boss is a very impatient man. I find him very intimidating.

3. My colleagues' body language indicated that my presentation was successful! They looked very excited as I showed them my ideas.

4. Don't be shy. It will not help you to gel with your new colleagues.

5. A good atmosphere in the workplace can increase productivity.



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