该课程是Paul S Gruber 保罗格罗博士，美国英语发音主教练录制的视频教程。
2. Consonant pairs
3. Consonant S
4. Consonant Z Voicing
Voicing is when your vocal cords are vibrating in your throat, creating a buzzing sound. Say Ahhhh. Can you feel the vibrations in your neck? All vowels are voiced. Some consonants are voiced, some are not.
Three rules for S&Z endings
If a word ends in a sound that is unvoiced (such as P, T, K, F), you add an unvoiced /S/
1 cup, 2 cups (the p in cup is unvoiced, so you just add an unvoiced s)
1 cat, 2 cats (the t in cat is unvoiced, so just add an unvoiced s)
I break, he breaks
I stop, he stops
If a word ends in any of these sounds: s, z, sh, ch, or dg (j), when adding an S ending, add IZZZZZZ
1 Page 2 Pages
1 Bus 2 Buses
1 Lunch 2 Lunches
I Raise, He Raises
I Brush, He Brushes
I Push, He Pushes
If a word ends in a vowel sound (like the word Tree) or a voiced consonant (like the word Game), then when you add an S, continue the voicing throughout the entire word, and it should become a voiced ZZZZ.
1 Tree, 2 Treezzzz (correctly spelled Trees)
1 Day, 2 Days
1 Shoe, 2 Shoes
I Fly, He Flies
1 Game, 2 Games
1 Head, 2 Heads
1 Train, 2 Trains
1 Song, 2 Songs
Some common words where S’s are pronounced as Z’s
Notice that all voiced S/Z sounds:
Another zippy, zappy, crazy day comes to a close. As we zoom up to Joe’s snooze zone, Zoe Jones of Zodiac Zoo plays with her zipper.
Last week, Jim’s brothers were picked to represent their country in the Olympic Games. Two of the brothers were swimmers, while the other two were long distance runners. All of the brothers wore glasses. These athletes worked hard at qualifying for the games and were hoping to come home with prizes. Since the brothers go to the same university, they often take the same courses. This makes studying easier and gives them more time to do other things.
On Thursday, I had a very lazy day. I woke up early and first squeezed oranges into juice. I then got dressed and watched the sunrise come up over the mountains. It was so beautiful that I took many pictures with my camera and I used three rolls of film. After drinking two cups of coffee, I got dressed, left the house, and walked three miles home.