拿英语来读懂大年初一

作者:admin

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2017-1-20 15:25

大年初一是我们阴历年的第一天,相信各地都有很多不同的习俗和禁忌,放烟花啊,吃饺子,拜年。

普特君给大家收集了篇双语版的阅读材料,大家来和普特君一起学习学习吧。

The first day is for the welcoming of the deities of the heavens and earth, officially beginning at midnight. It is a traditional practice to light fireworks, burn bamboo sticks and firecrackers and to make as much of a din as possible to chase off the evil spirits as encapsulated by nian of which the term guo-nian was derived. Many people, especially Buddhists, abstain from meat consumption on the first day because it is believed that this will ensure longevity for them. Some consider lighting fires and using knives to be bad luck on New Year's Day, so all food to be consumed is cooked the days before. On this day, it is considered bad luck to use the broom.
大年初一是欢迎天地神灵的日子,从午夜开始。中国传统的习俗是要放烟花,点鞭炮。噼里啪啦的声音可以赶跑年兽,这也就是过年的由来。许多人在大年初一这一天尽量避免开荤,因为人们认为这一天不吃肉可以长寿。也有些地方的人认为年初一生火或者用刀会带来不幸,所以所有的食物都在之前准备好了(冷食习俗)。还有些地方认为初一用扫帚也会带来霉运。

大年初一
  Most importantly, the first day of Chinese New Year is a time to honor one's elders and families visit the oldest and most senior members of their extended families, usually their parents, grandparents and great-grandparents.
更重要的是,大年初一也是纪念祖先和拜访老人的时候,尤其是在多世同堂的家庭里。

For Buddhists, the first day is also the birthday of Maitreya Bodhisattva (better known as the more familiar Budai Luohan), the Buddha-to-be. People also abstain from killing animals.
对于佛教徒来说,大年初一也是弥勒佛布袋罗汉的生日,人们也会尽量避免杀生。

Some families may invite a lion dance troupe as a symbolic ritual to usher in the Chinese New Year as well as to evict bad spirits from the premises. Members of the family who are married also give red packets containing cash known as lai see or angpow, a form of blessings and to suppress the aging and challenges associated with the coming year, to junior members of the family, mostly children and teenagers. Business managers also give bonuses through red packets to employees for good luck, smooth-sailing, good health and wealth.
有些大家族会在初一的时候邀请舞狮队过来表演来赶走前一年的晦气。已婚的家庭成员则会给家里的晚辈包红包来表示祝福,还有"压岁"的意思。老板也会给员工发红包,祝愿他们新年行大运,身体健康发大财。