英语六级词汇6000词(音频):Lesson 03 (3)

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2015-12-10 10:26

英语六级词汇6000词(音频):Lesson 03 (3)

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Lesson 03 (3)

1.blunt adj.①直言不讳的(同outspoken,candid)
例:In the army, he was famous for his rough edges and blunt speech.
在军队里,他以不修边幅、说话直率而闻名。
②(刀、铅笔等)钝的,不尖的(同dull)
例:This knife is too blunt to cut vegetables; could you sharpen it?
这把刀太钝了,没法切菜。你能把它磨得锋利一点吗?
记:blu(参考blur:含糊不清)+nt-不锋利的-钝的

2.blush vi脸红,羞愧(同flush)
例:She always blushes when she is embarrassed.
她在到尴尬的时候通常会脸红。

3.boycott n./vt.联合抵制;拒绝交往或购买(同shun)
例:The group has threatened to boycott the election because it believes it will not be democratic.
该小组威胁要抵制选举,因他们认为这次选举会不民主。
记:来自人名Boycott.历史上一位英国驻爱尔兰的官员,其因拒绝降低房地租而受到爱尔兰人抵制,最终被迫离开爱尔兰。

4.brace v.支撑(同support)
例:We braced the roof with four poles.
我们用四根柱子来支撑屋顶。
n.支柱;【医】矫形支架
例:I had to wear braces for my crooked teeth when l was a teenager.
我在十几岁的时候,必须戴矫形牙套来矫正长歪的牙齿。
记:brace原指两只手臂,用手支撑_支架
联:embrace v.拥抱;bracelet n.手镯

5.bracket n.托架
例:A bracket is fastened to a wall and used to support something such as a shelf.
支架被固定在墙上,用来支撑架子等物品。
vt.用托架来固定
例:She bracketed the shelves to make them stronger.
她用托架固定架子,使其更牢固。

6.brake n.刹车闸
例:A brake is anything used to slow or stop the motion of a wheel or vehicle by pressing or by rubbing against the wheel.
刹车闸是通过挤压或摩擦车轮而使车辆减速或者停止的装置。
v.(使)刹车(同stop)
例:The bus braked to avoid hitting the pedestrian.
公交车刹车以避免撞到行人。

7.breakdown n.①失败;(机械的)故障(同failure)
例:I had a breakdown in the middle of the trip.
在旅途中,我(的车)出故障了。
②分解;细目,分类(同decomposition)
例:Fungi obtain their supplies either from the breakdown of dead organic matter or from other living organisms.
细菌既可以从死亡生物体的分解中获得养分,也可以从生物活体获得养分。

8.breathe v.呼吸,呼出(同respire)
例:I like to breathe deeply of the fresh spring air.
我喜欢深吸春天的新鲜空气。
联:breathing n.呼吸;breath n.呼吸,气息;breathless adj.无声息的,喘不过气来的

9.bribe n.贿赂
例:The driver who caused the accident offered the police officer a bribe to let her go.
那起交通事故的肇事司机贿赂警察,好让警察放她走。
vt.贿赂,向…行贿
例:A gambler bribed one of the boxers to lose the fight.
一个赌徒收买了其中的一个拳击手,让他输掉比赛。

10.brim n.边;边缘(同edge)
例:Please do not fill my cup to the brim because I always put a lot of cream in my coffee.
请别把我的杯子倒满,冈为我总会往咖啡里放很多奶油。
联:broad-brimmed adj.宽边的