英语六级词汇6000词(音频):Lesson 05 (3)

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2015-12-18 10:41

英语六级词汇6000词(音频):Lesson 05 (3)

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Lesson 05 (3)

1.companion n.同伴;同事(同associate,partner)
例:John was Janet's companion at the party and they are really well-matched.
在聚会上,约翰足珍妮特的男伴,他们两人确实很般配。

2.comparable adj.可比的,比得上的;类似的(同equivalent,similar)
例:The new legislation requires that women get the same pay as men for comparable jobs.
新的立法要求女性在从事和男性类似的工作时,要获得和男性同等的报酬:
记:com(共同)+par(平等)+able-能一起平等的-类似的
联:compare v.比较,对照;comparison n.比较

3.comparatively adv.相当地;比较地(同rather, relatively)
例:Generating electricity from coal is a comparatively new development in that country.
在那个国家,依靠煤来发电是一项相对较新的发展。
联:comparative adj.比较的

4.compatible adj.可以并存的,相容的,协调的(同agreeable)
例:Fortunately, my roommate and I are quite compatible and we never quarrel with each other.
幸运的是,我和我的窒友和睦相处,从来都没有吵过架。
记:com+pat(=path感情)+ible-能有感情的-相容的
联:compatibility n.兼容性;incompatible adj.不协调的,不相容的,不一致的

5.compensate vt.补偿,赔偿
例:He plans to follow a study program at home to compensate for his lack of college education.
他打算在家执行一项学习计划来弥补大学教育的缺失。
联:compensation n.补偿,赔偿;compensatory adj.补偿性的

6.compete vi.竞争,比得上(同vie,contest)
例:When the amateur became a pro he had to compete against better men.
业余选手成为专业选手后,必须要和更强大的对手来竞争。
联:competitor n.竞争者;competition n.竞争,竞赛;competitive adj.竞争的;competitiveness n.竞争能力;competent adj.有能力的,胜任的;competence n.能力

7.compile vt.汇集,编辑(同collect,gather)
例:The scientists compiled a great amount of data to help prove their theory.
科学家收集了大量的数据来帮助证明他们的理论。
联:com+pile(堆)-堆积-汇集

8.complaint n.抱怨,怨言(同grievance,criticism)
例:The boss had a complaint about Bill's tardiness.
老板对比尔的拖延有所抱怨。
联:complain v.抱怨,悲叹

9.complement vt.补充,使完善(同supplement)
例:The flower arrangement complements the table decorations.
花的摆放与桌饰互为补充。
n.补足物,补充物(同addition)
例:Your choice of wine was a fine complement to the dinner.
你选择的红酒与晚餐相得益彰。
记:com(加强作用)+ple(装满,填满)+ment-补足物,补充
联:complementary adj.补充的;implement n.工具 vt.实施,执行;compliment n./v称赞

10.complication n.复杂化:(使复杂的)因素(同intricacy)
例:In spite of the complication of the problem, the mathematician solved it quickly.
尽管这个问题很复杂,那位数学家还是很快地解决了。
联:complicate vt.使复杂:complicated adj.复杂的,难解的