手写让人更聪明?

作者:admin

来源:

2011-2-24 14:17

Why Handwriting Makes You Smarter

Handwriting has become a dying art, now that kids start using keyboards as soon as they begin school. But writing things out by hand may be a critical way we train our brains, several studies suggest.

书写已经变成一种濒临消亡的艺术,现在的孩子们自入学起就开始使用电脑键盘。但一些研究发现,用手书写可能是我们用来训练大脑的重要方法。

Writing by hand is different from typing because it requires using strokes to create a letter, rather than just selecting the whole letter by touching a key, says Virginia Berninger a professor of psychology at the University of Washington. These finger movements activate large regions of the brain involved in thinking, memory, and language.

华盛顿大学的心理学教授弗吉尼亚·伯宁格说,手写不同于打字,因为手写需要运用笔划来构成一个字母,而非仅仅靠按键来选择完整的字母。手指的这些运动激活了脑部涉及思维、记忆和语言的广泛区域。

Handwriting helps children learn letters and shapes, improves their composition of ideas, and may also boost fine-motor skills development.

书写帮助儿童学习字母和形状,提高他们组织观点的能力,也能促进精细运动技能的发展。


A study by Berninger found that in grades two, four, and six, children wrote more words, faster, and expressed more ideas when writing essays by hand than when typing on a keyboard.

伯宁格的一项研究发现,在二、四、六年级的儿童中,与用键盘打字的孩子相比,用手书写作文的孩子会写更多单词、写得更快,而且能表达更多观点。

A separate study by researchers at Indiana University found that children who practiced printing by hand had more active brains than kids who simply looked at letters.

另一项由印第安纳大学研究者进行的研究发现,练习手写印刷体的孩子比仅仅看字母的孩子大脑更活跃。

It’s not just children who benefit from writing things out by hand, says a study in the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. Adults learning a new language remember its characters better if they write them out by hand than if they produce them with a keyboard.

认知神经科学杂志刊载的一项研究称,从手写中获益的不仅是儿童。成年人在学习一门新语言时,写字比打字记得更牢。

As more people spend their days on the computer, says neuroscientist P. Murali Doraiswamy of Duke University, “retraining people in handwriting skills could be a useful cognitive exercise.“

由于越来越多的人每天与电脑相伴,杜克大学的神经科学家P·穆拉里·多来斯瓦米说:“重新训练人们的书写技能会是一项有益的认知练习。“

本文翻译来自普特网友冒险情缘,如果您想让自己的翻译也出现在这里,那么一起来加入我们译思不苟群策群译这个栏目吧!