住在海边更有益健康?快去买套海景房!

作者:admin

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2018-12-25 16:33

You have to admit, even if you live in a place you really love, if you look outside your window and all you see is a parking lot or the back of a restaurant, it's not the most inspiring view in the world. It might even be a little on the depressing side. But if you are someone lucky enough to gaze outside and see an ocean or a lake, you can likely attest to the fact that living near water is good for you — which is totally true, my friends, and there's new research to back it up. So you might just want to pack your bags and high-tail it to Cape Cod or Costa Rica — or maybe, you know, somewhere that at least has a pond nearby.
你必须承认,即使你住在一个你真正喜欢的地方,如果你朝窗外望去,看到的只是一个停车场或一家餐馆的后面,那也不是什么令人振奋的景象。甚至可能有点令人沮丧。但是,如果你足够幸运,能看到外面的海洋或湖泊,你可能会证明住在水附近对健康有好处——这是完全正确的,我的朋友们,有新的研究支持这一点。所以,你可能只想把你的行李打包,高高兴尾地送到科德角或哥斯达黎加——或者,你知道,至少在附近某个地方有个池塘。



In a fascinating new study based in Hong Kong, China, researchers found that spending time around "blue spaces" — like beaches, harbors, coastlines, etc. — is "related to good self-reported health," as per the research paper, which has been published in the health journal Health & Place. On top of that, according to a press release from the University of Exeter in the UK, the study also found a link between people who regularly visit places by the water in their free time and "a lower risk of depression."
发表在《健康与场所》杂志上的研究论文如是说,在中国香港进行的一项有趣的新研究中,研究人员发现,花时间在“蓝色空间“——比如海滩、港口、海岸线等——“与良好的自我报告健康有关“。此外,根据英国埃克塞特大学的一份新闻稿,这项研究还发现,在空闲时间经常去海边游玩的人与“较低的抑郁风险“之间存在联系。

As per the study's press release, the researchers conducted a survey of 1,000 people in Hong Kong, 80 percent of whom were more than 50 years old, and asked them about their overall health and emotional well-being, in addition to the amount of time they spend near bodies of water, or "blue spaces."
根据研究的新闻发布会,研究者对1000个香港人进行了一项调查,80%的人超过50岁,问他们关于他们的整体健康和情感上的幸福,以及他们在附近的水域或“蓝色空间“上花的时间。


After collecting these responses, the researchers found that spending time by the water doesn't just seem to be linked to positive well-being; these "blue spaces" might actually be "an important public health resource," according to the study's press release. Study co-author Dr. Jo Garrett, of the University of Exeter, said in a statement for the press release:
收集了这些反馈后,研究人员发现,在水旁消磨时间似乎不仅与积极的幸福感有关;根据该该研究的新闻稿,这些“蓝色空间“实际上可能是“一种重要的公共卫生资源“。研究报告的撰写者之一、埃克塞特大学的乔·加勒特博士在一份声明中说:

Our evidence suggests that Hong Kong’s harbors, beaches and other natural blue spaces could be an important public health resource, at least for older residents. We found that people with a view of these environments reported better health, while those who visited regularly reported better wellbeing.
我们的证据表明,香港的港口、海滩和其他天然蓝色空间可能是重要的公共卫生资源,至少对老年人来说是如此。我们发现,对这些环境有看法的人身体更健康,而那些经常游览的人身体更健康。

The researchers also found, not so surprisingly, that living a walkable distance from a body of water (like 10 to 15 minutes away) meant people were a lot more likely to spend their free time there, and therefore feel the benefits even more.
不出意料的是,研究人员还发现,住在可步行达到的水域(比如10到15分钟的路程)附近,意味着人们更有可能在那里度过空闲时间,因此感受到更多的好处。



The researchers also found that people who visit these spaces for longer periods of time (i.e. at least an hour per visit) and simultaneously engage in "higher-intensity activities while there," the press release explains, may benefit even more. In other words, if you decide to go for a run by the beach, or around a local lake, you might just notice a sizable boost in your emotional state.
研究人员还发现,在这些地方逗留较长时间(即每次至少一小时),同时从事“高强度活动“的人可能会受益更多,新闻稿解释说。换句话说,如果你决定去海滩或当地的湖边跑步,你可能会注意到你的情绪状态有了很大的提升。

The takeaway from this research is about as clear as the water in the Bahamas: being near the ocean, a lake, heck, maybe even just a pool, is pretty freaking good for you. But listen, this really isn't the first time that water — both of a view of it and a proximity to it — has been linked with improved health. Another study published in Health & Place back in 2012, which included responses from more than 48 million people in England, as per a ScienceDaily press release, showed that "people living near the coast tend to have better health than those living inland," regardless of age, gender, and even social and economic factors.
这项研究得出的结论就像巴哈马群岛的水一样清澈:靠近海洋,一个湖泊,见鬼,甚至可能只是一个游泳池,对你来说都非常好。但是,听着,这真的不是第一次有人认为水——无论是对水的看法还是与水的接近程度——与健康状况的改善有关。根据《科学日报》,早在2012年,另一项研究发表在《健康与环境》上,其中包括超过4800万英国人的反馈,表明“无论年龄、性别、甚至社会和经济因素“,“居住在海岸附近的人们往往比内陆人生活更健康“。