那些年我们被媒体骗的照片...

作者:admin

来源:

2018-10-29 11:41

The traditional news media has been having a rough time in the last few years. According to a recent survey, more Americans have a negative (43%) than a positive (33%) view of the news media, and are finding it harder to be well informed because it is getting harder to determine which news is accurate.

在过去的几年,传统新闻媒体经历了一段困难时期。根据最近的一项调查,大部分美国人对新闻媒体持有负面的看法(43%)而非正面的(33%)。人们发现,由于难以判断新闻的准确性,想要获得正确的信息也越来越艰难了。
The problem is bias. While ideally the media should be objective and hold power to account, in reality we know that most news outlets are partisan and have their own agenda to advance. Whether state-owned or run by some shady tax-avoiding billionaire, getting 'the masses' to view the world from a certain perspective has always been a priceless power to wield.
问题就在于新闻媒体没有保持客观公正。虽然理论上来说,媒体应该保证信息的客观性的并且对此负责,然而事实却是,大部分新闻媒体都有自己的倾向性,并有自己的发展议程。不管是国有的还是私营(某些逃税的亿万富翁所有)的媒体,他们都会试图利用自己的权利,从而让群众以一种特定的角度看待问题。
So why is trust in the media so low? Well, according to the same survey, 8 out of 10 Americans believe that the news media are critical to their democracy. The gap between these lofty expectations of an honest, objective media and the performance that they actually deliver is large. Times when the mask slips and examples of media manipulation are exposed are hugely damaging to trust (don't even get me started on the 2003 Iraq war), and people naturally turn to social media for other, even-easier-to-manipulate sources. Thus we are in the current state in which we find ourselves: confused, mistrustful and divided.
那么,为什么公众对媒体的信任如此之低?调查显示,10个美国人中有8个认为新闻媒体与实现民主息息相关。人们期待一个诚实、客观的媒体,而现实与理想有很大的差距。当媒体揭下自己的假面具,以及各种媒体操纵群众看法的例子被曝光时,人们对媒体的信任也就大打折扣了(更不用说2003年的伊拉克战争事件了吧)。于是自然而然地,人们就会转为去社交媒体上寻找事实,殊不知自己更容易被这些信息操纵。因此,我们现在的状态就是:困惑、失去信任以及充满分歧。
People have been posting examples of how media can use different techniques of deception, to trick you into seeing exactly what they wanted you to see. As you will discover, perspective really is everything! It all goes to show that a healthy dose of skepticism goes a long way, and getting your news from a wide range of different sources is your best bet to a more rounded view of the world we live in. Social media is good in that respect, but bad in terms of regulation, trolling and people shouting horrible things at each other. The good old traditional news media really is needed as a forum for rational debate and expert opinion, but they gotta stop with the manipulation already!
人们一直在揭示媒体操纵群众想法的例子,他们会用不同的手段,诱导你看到他们想让你相信的内容。你会发现,看问题的角度真的决定了你的看法。而持有适当的怀疑态度,以及从多渠道获取信息才能让我们对这个世界有更全面的看法。社交媒体是一个很好的平台,但是它缺乏监管,还会导致网络暴力。相比之下,传统新闻媒体就充当了一个提供理性辩论和聚集专家意见的论坛角色,但它们必须停止操纵人们的意见!
一起来看看这些例子吧!
1. 媒体:威廉王子和凯特王妃的第三个皇家宝宝出生


(威廉王子:怪我咯?!)

2. 媒体:2003年3月21日,第15海军陆战队远征队的海军陆战队员帮助一名伊拉克士兵,为他提供饮用水


(士兵:有没有想过我的感受...)

3. 媒体:一本正经的新闻主持人


(主持人:反正你们看不到)

4. 媒体:希拉里在美国奥马哈


(哇喧闹的人群)


(是有人报道了今天的50人小集会吗??)

5. 媒体:士兵想跟孩子们玩耍


(媒体展示的)


(现场却是...)

6. 媒体:支持移民的抗议活动


(“那些支持特朗普的人,你们的心不会痛吗?“)


(事实:拍戏吗??)

6. 最后一个媒体操纵人们思想的例子

(小哥:我们明明是在救灾抢险好吧)