BBC随身英语MP3:女生在校学习成绩更好

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2015-4-28 13:45

BBC随身英语MP3:女生在校学习成绩更好

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女生在校学习成绩更好
Girls do better at school

【BBC听力文稿】

Around the world, girls do better than boys at school. These are the findings of a recent study that looked at the test results of 1.5 million 15-year-olds in 74 regions across the globe.

The level of gender equality in those regions made no difference to the results. Other factors, such as the income level of the region also had little impact on the findings. In only three regions – Colombia, Costa Rica and the Indian state Himachal Pradesh – was the trend reversed with boys doing better.

So what are the causes of girls’ stronger performance? In the UK, girls outperform boys in exams that are taken at the age of 15 or 16, called GCSEs. According to education expert Ian Toone, this is down to the way girls and boys are brought up. “Boys are encouraged to be more active from an early age, whereas the restless movements of baby girls are pacified… Hence, girls develop the skill of sitting still for longer periods of time, which is useful for academic pursuits like studying for GCSEs."

He goes on to say that boys often cluster together in larger groups than girls. Because of this they are more likely to be influenced by peer pressure and develop a gang mentality. He says that GCSEs require a lot of solo work and are not viewed as 'cool' in a laddish culture.

This is backed up by research in the UK that says girls are out-performing boys at the age of five. So what is the answer? Should girls and boys be educated separately? Or do exams and school curricula need to be changed to better reflect boys’ skills? These are the questions facing educators in many countries.

重点解析 Key Phrases/Words

gender equality 男女平等

factor 因素

income level 收入水平

to reverse a trend 逆转一种趋势

to pacify 使安静、平定

academic pursuit 学术追求

to cluster(人)聚集

to influence 影响

peer pressure 同龄人压力

gang mentality 帮派心态

solo 单独的,独自地

laddish 幼稚的,孩子气的

school curricula 学校课程