《傲慢与偏见》有声名著第16章03(中英对照)

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2011-12-31 17:36

《傲慢与偏见》有声名著第16章03(中英对照)

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《傲慢与偏见》(Pride and prejudice)是简·奥斯汀最早完成的作品.这部作品以日常生活为素材,一反当时社会上流行的感伤小说的内容和矫揉造作的写作方法,生动地反映了18世纪末到19世纪初处于保守和闭塞状态下的英国乡镇生活和世态人情.这部社会风情画式的小说不仅在当时吸引着广大的读者,时至今日,仍给读者以独特的艺术享受.

"I cannot pretend to be sorry," said Wickham, after a short interruption, "that he or that any man should not be estimated beyond their deserts; but with him I believe it does not often happen. The world is blinded by his fortune and consequence, or frightened by his high and imposing manners, and sees him only as he chuses to be seen."

"I should take him, even on my slight acquaintance, to be an ill-tempered man." Wickham only shook his head.

"I wonder," said he, at the next opportunity of speaking, "whether he is likely to be in this country much longer."

"I do not at all know; but I heard nothing of his going away when I was at Netherfield. I hope your plans in favour of the ----shire will not be affected by his being in the neighbourhood."

"Oh! no -- it is not for me to be driven away by Mr. Darcy. If he wishes to avoid seeing me, he must go. We are not on friendly terms, and it always gives me pain to meet him, but I have no reason for avoiding him but what I might proclaim to all the world; a sense of very great ill-usage, and most painful regrets at his being what he is. His father, Miss Bennet, the late Mr. Darcy, was one of the best men that ever breathed, and the truest friend I ever had; and I can never be in company with this Mr. Darcy without being grieved to the soul by a thousand tender recollections. His behaviour to myself has been scandalous; but I verily believe I could forgive him any thing and every thing, rather than his disappointing the hopes and disgracing the memory of his father."

Elizabeth found the interest of the subject increase, and listened with all her heart; but the delicacy of it prevented farther inquiry.

Mr. Wickham began to speak on more general topics, Meryton, the neighbourhood, the society, appearing highly pleased with all that he had yet seen, and speaking of the latter especially, with gentle but very intelligible gallantry.

"It was the prospect of constant society, and good society," he added, "which was my chief inducement to enter the ----shire. I knew it to be a most respectable, agreeable corps, and my friend Denny tempted me farther by his account of their present quarters, and the very great attentions and excellent acquaintance Meryton had procured them. Society, I own, is necessary to me. I have been a disappointed man, and my spirits will not bear solitude. I must have employment and society. A military life is not what I was intended for, but circumstances have now made it eligible. The church ought to have been my profession -- I was brought up for the church, and I should at this time have been in possession of a most valuable living, had it pleased the gentleman we were speaking of just now."

"Indeed!"

"Yes -- the late Mr. Darcy bequeathed me the next presentation of the best living in his gift. He was my godfather, and excessively attached to me. I cannot do justice to his kindness. He meant to provide for me amply, and thought he had done it; but when the living fell, it was given elsewhere."

"Good heavens!" cried Elizabeth; "but how could that be? -- How could his will be disregarded? -- Why did not you seek legal redress?"

歇了一会儿,韦翰说:“说句问心无愧的话,不管是他也好,是别人也好,都不应该受到人家过分的抬举。不过他这个人,我相信不大会有人过分抬举他的。他的有钱有势蒙蔽了天下人的耳目,他那目空一切、盛气凌人的气派又吓坏了天下人,弄得大家只有顺着他的心意去看待他。“

“我虽然跟他并不太熟,可是我认为他是个脾气很坏的人。“韦翰听了这话,只是摇头。

等到有了说话的机会,他又接下去说:“我不知道他是否打算在这个村庄里多住些时候。“

“我完全不知道;不过,我在尼日斐花园的时候,可没有听说他要走。你既然喜欢某某郡,打算在那里工作,我但愿你不要因为他在附近而影响了你原来的计划。“

“噢,不;我才不会让达西先生赶走呢。要是他不愿意看到我,那就得他走。我们两个人的交情搞坏了,我见到他就不好受,可是我没有理由要避开他,我只是要让大家知道他是怎样亏待了我,他的为人处世怎样使我痛心。班纳特小姐,他那去世的父亲,那位老达西先生,却是天下最好心的人,也是我生平最最真心的朋友;每当我同现在这位达西先生在一起的时候就免不了逗起千丝万缕温存的回忆,从心底里感到苦痛。他对待我的行为真是恶劣万分;可是我千真万确地相信,我一切都能原谅他,只是不能容忍他辜负他先人的厚望,辱没他先人的名声。“

伊丽莎白对这件事越来越感到兴趣,因此听得很专心。但是这件事很蹊跷,她不便进一步追问。

韦翰先生又随便谈了些一般的事情。他谈到麦里屯,谈到四邻八舍和社交之类的事,凡是他所看到的事情,他谈起来都非常欣喜,特别是谈到社交问题的时候,他的谈吐举止更显得温雅殷勤。

他又说:“我所以喜爱某某郡,主要是为了这儿的社交界都是些上等人,又讲交情,我又知道这支部队名声很好,受到大家爱护,加上我的朋友丹尼为了劝我上这儿来,又讲起他们目前的营房是多么好,麦里屯的众对待他们又多么殷勤,他们在麦里屯又结交了多少好朋友。我承认我是少不了社交生活的。我是个失意的人。精神上受不了孤寂。我一定要有职业和社交生活。我本来不打算过行伍生活,可是由于环境所迫,现在也只好去参加军队了。我本应该做牧师的,家里的意思本来也是要培养我做牧师;要是我博得了我们刚刚谈到的这位先生的喜欢,说不定我现在也有一份很可观的牧师俸禄呢。“

“是吗?“

“怎么会不是!老达西先生遗嘱上说明,牧师职位一有了最好的空缺就给我。他是我的教父,非常疼爱我。他待我的好意,我真无法形容。他要使我衣食丰裕,而且他自以为已经做到了这一点,可是等到牧师职位有了空缺的时候,却落到别人名下去了。“

“天哪!“伊丽莎白叫道;“怎么会有那种事情,怎么能够不依照他的遗嘱办事?你干吗不依法申诉?“