《傲慢与偏见》有声名著第16章05(中英对照)

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2012-1-5 17:49

《傲慢与偏见》有声名著第16章05(中英对照)

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《傲慢与偏见》(Pride and prejudice)是简·奥斯汀最早完成的作品.这部作品以日常生活为素材,一反当时社会上流行的感伤小说的内容和矫揉造作的写作方法,生动地反映了18世纪末到19世纪初处于保守和闭塞状态下的英国乡镇生活和世态人情.这部社会风情画式的小说不仅在当时吸引着广大的读者,时至今日,仍给读者以独特的艺术享受.

"We were born in the same parish, within the same park, the greatest part of our youth was passed together; inmates of the same house, sharing the same amusements, objects of the same parental care. My father began life in the profession which your uncle, Mr. Philips, appears to do so much credit to -- but he gave up every thing to be of use to the late Mr. Darcy, and devoted all his time to the care of the Pemberley property. He was most highly esteemed by Mr. Darcy, a most intimate, confidential friend. Mr. Darcy often acknowledged. himself to be under the greatest obligations to my father's active superintendance, and when immediately before my father's death, Mr. Darcy gave him a voluntary promise of providing for me, I am convinced that he felt it to be as much a debt of gratitude to him, as of affection to myself."

"How strange!" cried Elizabeth. "How abominable! -- I wonder that the very pride of this Mr. Darcy has not made him just to you! -- If from no better motive, that he should not have been too proud to be dishonest, -- for dishonesty I must call it."

"It is wonderful," -- replied Wickham, -- "for almost all his actions may be traced to pride; -- and pride has often been his best friend. It has connected him nearer with virtue than any other feeling. But we are none of us consistent; and in his behaviour to me, there were stronger impulses even than pride."

"Can such abominable pride as his, have ever done him good?"

"Yes. It has often led him to be liberal and generous, -- to give his money freely, to display hospitality, to assist his tenants, and relieve the poor. Family pride, and filial pride, for he is very proud of what his father was, have done this. Not to appear to disgrace his family, to degenerate from the popular qualities, or lose the influence of the Pemberley House, is a powerful motive. He has also brotherly pride, which with some brotherly affection, makes him a very kind and careful guardian of his sister; and you will hear him generally cried up as the most attentive and best of brothers."

"What sort of a girl is Miss Darcy,?"

He shook his head. -- "I wish I could call her amiable. It gives me pain to speak ill of a Darcy. But she is too much like her brother, -- very, very proud. -- As a child, she was affectionate and pleasing, and extremely fond of me; and I have devoted hours and hours to her amusement. But she is nothing to me now. She is a handsome girl, about fifteen or sixteen, and, I understand, highly accomplished. Since her father's death, her home has been London, where a lady lives with her, and superintends her education."

After many pauses and many trials of other subjects, Elizabeth could not help reverting once more to the first, and saying,

"I am astonished at his intimacy with Mr. Bingley! How can Mr. Bingley, who seems good humour itself, and is, I really believe, truly amiable, be in friendship with such a man? How can they suit each other? -- Do you know Mr. Bingley?"

"Not at all."

"He is a sweet tempered, amiable, charming man. He cannot know what Mr. Darcy is."

"Probably not; -- but Mr. Darcy can please where he chuses. He does not want abilities. He can be a conversible companion if he thinks it worth his while. Among those who are at all his equals in consequence, he is a very different man from what he is to the less prosperous. His pride never deserts him; but with the rich, he is liberal-minded, just, sincere, rational, honourable, and perhaps agreeable, -- allowing something for fortune and figure."

“我们是在同一个教区,同一个花园里长大的。我们的少年时代部分是在一起过的──同住一幢房子,同在一起玩耍,受到同一个父亲的疼爱。我父亲所干的行业就是您姨爹腓力普先生得心应手的那门行业,可是先父管家有方,使他受惠非浅,因此在先父临终的时候,他便自动提出负担我一切的生活费用。我相信他所以这样做,一方面是对先父感恩,另一方面是为了疼爱我。“

伊丽莎白叫道:“多奇怪!多可恶!我真不明白,这位达西先生既然这样有自尊心,怎么又这样亏待你!要是没有别的更好的理由,那么,他既是这么骄傲,就应该不屑于这样阴险───我一定要说是阴险。“

“的确稀奇,“韦翰回答道:“归根结底来说,差不多他的一切行动都是出于傲慢,傲慢成了他最要好的朋友。照说他既然傲慢,就应该最讲求道德。可是人总免不了有自相矛盾的地方,他对待我就是意气用事多于傲慢。“

“象他这种可恶的傲慢,对他自己有什么好处?“

“有好处;常常使他做起人来慷慨豪爽──花钱不吝啬,待人殷勤,资助佃户,救济贫苦人。他所以会这样,都是因为门第祖先使他感到骄傲,他对于他父亲的为人也很引为骄傲。他主要就是为了不要有辱家声,有违众望,不要失掉彭伯里族的声势。他还具有做哥哥身份的骄傲,这种骄傲,再加上一些手足的情份,使他成了他妹妹的亲切而细心的保护人;你自会听到大家都一致赞他是位体贴入微的最好哥哥。“

“达西小姐是个怎么样的姑娘?“

韦翰摇摇头。“我但愿能够说她一声可爱。凡是达西家里的人,我都不忍心说他们一句坏话。可是她的确太象她的哥哥了──非常非常傲慢。她小时候很亲切,很讨人喜爱,而且特别喜欢我。我常常陪她接连玩上几个钟头。可是现在我可不把她放在心上了。她是个漂亮姑娘,大约十五六岁,而且据我知道,她也极有才干。她父亲去世以后,她就住在伦敦,有位太太陪她住在一起,教她读书。“

他们又东拉西扯地谈了好些别的话,谈谈歇歇,后来伊丽莎白不禁又扯到原来的话题上来。她说:

“我真奇怪,他竟会和彬格莱先生这样知已。彬格莱先生的性情那么好,而且他的为人也极其和蔼可亲,怎么会跟这样一个人交起朋友来?他们怎么能够相处呢?你认识彬格莱先生吗?“

“我不认识。“

“他的确是个和蔼可亲的好性子的人。他根本不会明白达西先生是怎样一个人。“

“也许不明白;不过达西先生讨人欢喜的时候,他自有办法。他的手腕很高明。只要他认为值得跟人家攀谈,他也会谈笑风生。他在那些地位跟他相等的人面前,在那些处境不及他的人面前,完全是两个人。他处处傲慢,可是跟有钱的阔人在一起的时候,他就显得胸襟磊落、公正诚实、讲道理、要面子、也许还会和和气气,这都是看在人家的身价地位的份上。“