《傲慢与偏见》有声名著第44章04(中英对照)

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2012-5-23 09:04

《傲慢与偏见》有声名著第44章04(中英对照)

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《傲慢与偏见》(Pride and prejudice)是简·奥斯汀最早完成的作品之一.这部作品以日常生活为素材,一反当时社会上流行的感伤小说的内容和矫揉造作的写作方法,生动地反映 了18世纪末到19世纪初处于保守和闭塞状态下的英国乡镇生活和世态人情。这部社会风情画式的小说不仅在当时吸引着广大的读者,时至今日,仍给读者以独特 的艺术享受。

Chapter 44

Of Mr. Darcy it was now a matter of anxiety to think well; and, as far as their acquaintance reached, there was no fault to find. They could not be untouched by his politeness, and, had they drawn his character from their own feelings and his servant's report, without any reference to any other account, the circle in Hertfordshire to which he was known would not have recognised it for Mr. Darcy. There was now an interest, however, in believing the housekeeper; and they soon became sensible that the authority of a servant who had known him since he was four years old, and whose own manners indicated respectability, was not to be hastily rejected. Neither had any thing occurred in the intelligence of their Lambton friends that could materially lessen its weight. They had nothing to accuse him of but pride; pride he probably had, and if not, it would certainly be imputed by the inhabitants of a small market-town where the family did not visit. It was acknowledged, however, that he was a liberal man, and did much good among the poor.

With respect to Wickham, the travellers soon found that he was not held there in much estimation; for though the chief of his concerns with the son of his patron were imperfectly understood, it was yet a well known fact that on his quitting Derbyshire he had left many debts behind him, which Mr. Darcy afterwards discharged.

As for Elizabeth, her thoughts were at Pemberley this evening more than the last; and the evening, though as it passed it seemed long, was not long enough to determine her feelings towards one in that mansion; and she lay awake two whole hours endeavouring to make them out. She certainly did not hate him. No; hatred had vanished long ago, and she had almost as long been ashamed of ever feeling a dislike against him that could be so called. The respect created by the conviction of his valuable qualities, though at first unwillingly admitted, had for some time ceased to be repugnant to her feelings; and it was now heightened into somewhat of a friendlier nature by the testimony so highly in his favour, and bringing forward his disposition in so amiable a light, which yesterday had produced. But above all, above respect and esteem, there was a motive within her of good will which could not be overlooked. It was gratitude. -- Gratitude, not merely for having once loved her, but for loving her still well enough to forgive all the petulance and acrimony of her manner in rejecting him, and all the unjust accusations accompanying her rejection. He who, she had been persuaded, would avoid her as his greatest enemy, seemed, on this accidental meeting, most eager to preserve the acquaintance, and without any indelicate display of regard, or any peculiarity of manner, where their two selves only were concerned, was soliciting the good opinion of her friends, and bent on making her known to his sister. Such a change in a man of so much pride excited not only astonishment but gratitude -- for to love, ardent love, it must be attributed; and as such, its impression on her was of a sort to be encouraged, as by no means unpleasing, though it could not be exactly defined. She respected, she esteemed, she was grateful to him; she felt a real interest in his welfare; and she only wanted to know how far she wished that welfare to depend upon herself, and how far it would be for the happiness of both that she should employ the power, which her fancy told her she still possessed, of bringing on the renewal of his addresses.

It had been settled in the evening, between the aunt and niece, that such a striking civility as Miss Darcy's, in coming to them on the very day of her arrival at Pemberley -- for she had reached it only to a late breakfast -- ought to be imitated, though it could not be equalled, by some exertion of politeness on their side; and, consequently, that it would be highly expedient to wait on her at Pemberley the following morning. They were, therefore, to go. -- Elizabeth was pleased, though, when she asked herself the reason, she had very little to say in reply.

Mr. Gardiner left them soon after breakfast. The fishing scheme had been renewed the day before, and a positive engagement made of his meeting some of the gentlemen at Pemberley by noon.


第四十四章

他们现在一心只想到达西先生的好处。他们和他认识到现在为止,从他身上找不出半点儿错处。他那样的客气,使他们不得不感动。要是他们光凭着自己的感想和那个管家奶奶的报道来称道他的不人,而不参考任何其他资料,那么,哈福德郡那些认识他的人,简直辨别不出这是讲的达西先生。大家现在都愿意去相信那个管家奶奶的话,因为她在主人四岁的那年就来到他,当然深知主人的为人,加上她本身的举止也令人起敬,那就决不应该贸贸然把她的话置若罔闻,何况根据蓝白屯的朋友们跟他们讲的情形来看,也觉得这位管家奶奶的话没有什么不可靠的地方。达西除了傲慢之外,人家指摘不出他有任何错处。说到傲慢,他也许果真有些傲慢,纵使他并不傲慢,那么,那个小镇上的居民们见他全家终年足迹不至,自然也要说他傲慢。不过大家都公认他是个很大方的人,济苦救贫,慷慨解囊。再说韦翰,他们立刻就发觉他在这个地方并不十分受人器重;虽然大家不大明了他和他恩人的独生子之间的主要关系,可是大家都知道他离开德比郡时曾经欠下了多少债务,后来都是达西先生替他偿还的。

伊丽莎白这个晚上一心一意只想到彭伯里,比昨天晚上还要想得厉害。这虽然是一个漫漫的长夜,可是她还是觉得不够长,因为彭伯里大厦里那个人弄得她心里千头万绪,她在床上整整躺了两个钟头睡不着觉,左思右想,还弄不明白对他究竟是爱是憎。她当然不会恨他。决不会的;恨早就消了。如果说她当真一度讨厌过他,她也早就为当初这种心情感到惭愧。她既然认为他具有许多高尚的品质,自然就尊敬起他来,尽管她开头还不大愿意承认,事实上早就因为尊敬他而不觉得他有丝毫讨厌的地方了。她现在又听到大家都说他的好话,昨天她又亲眼看到了种种情形,看出他原来是个性格很柔顺的人,于是尊敬之外又添了几分亲切,但是问题的关键还不在于她对他尊敬和器重,而在于她还存着一片好心好意,这一点可不能忽略。她对他颇有几分感激之心。她所以感激他,不仅因为他曾经爱过她,而且因为当初她虽然那么意气用事,斩钉截铁地拒绝过他,错怪过他,如今他却决不计较,反而依旧爱她。她本以为他会恨她入骨,决不会再理睬她,可是这一次邂逅而遇,他却好象急不待缓地要跟她重修旧好。提到他们俩人本身方面的事情,他虽然旧情难忘,可是语气神态之间,却没有粗鄙怪癖的表现,只是竭力想要获得她亲友们的好感,而且真心诚意地要介绍她和他的妹妹认识。这么傲慢的一个男人会一下子变得这样谦虚,这不仅叫人惊奇,也叫人感激,这不能不归根于爱情,浓烈的爱情。她虽然不能千真万确地把这种爱情说出一个所以然来,可是她决不觉得讨厌,而且还深深地给打动了心,觉得应该让这种爱情滋长下去。她既然尊敬他,器重他,感激他,便免不了极其关心到他幸福;她相信自己依旧有本领叫他再来求婚,问题只在于她是否应该放心大胆地施展出这副本领,以便达到双方的幸福。

晚上她和舅母商谈,觉得达西小姐那么客气,回到彭伯里已经是吃早饭的时候,却还当天就赶来看她们,她们即使不能象她那样礼貌周全,至少也应该稍有礼貌,去回拜她一次。最后她们认为,最好是明天一大早就上彭伯里去拜候她,她们决定就这么办。伊丽莎白很是高兴,不过她只要问问自己为什么这样高兴,却又答不上来了。

吃过早饭以后,嘉丁纳先生马上就出去了,因为上一天他又重新跟人家谈到了钓鱼的事,约定今天中午到彭伯里去和几位绅士碰头。