《傲慢与偏见》有声名著第46章05(中英对照)

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2012-6-4 09:32

《傲慢与偏见》有声名著第46章05(中英对照)

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《傲慢与偏见》(Pride and prejudice)是简·奥斯汀最早完成的作品之一.这部作品以日常生活为素材,一反当时社会上流行的感伤小说的内容和矫揉造作的写作方法,生动地反映 了18世纪末到19世纪初处于保守和闭塞状态下的英国乡镇生活和世态人情。这部社会风情画式的小说不仅在当时吸引着广大的读者,时至今日,仍给读者以独特 的艺术享受。

Chapter 46

If gratitude and esteem are good foundations of affection, Elizabeth's change of sentiment will be neither improbable nor faulty. But if otherwise, if the regard springing from such sources is unreasonable or unnatural, in comparison of what is so often described as arising on a first interview with its object, and even before two words have been exchanged, nothing can be said in her defence, except that she had given somewhat of a trial to the latter method in her partiality for Wickham, and that its ill-success might perhaps authorise her to seek the other less interesting mode of attachment. Be that as it may, she saw him go with regret; and in this early example of what Lydia's infamy must produce, found additional anguish as she reflected on that wretched business. Never, since reading Jane's second letter, had she entertained a hope of Wickham's meaning to marry her. No one but Jane, she thought, could flatter herself with such an expectation. Surprise was the least of her feelings on this developement. While the contents of the first letter remained on her mind, she was all surprise -- all astonishment that Wickham should marry a girl whom it was impossible he could marry for money; and how Lydia could ever have attached him had appeared incomprehensible. But now it was all too natural. For such an attachment as this, she might have sufficient charms; and though she did not suppose Lydia to be deliberately engaging in an elopement, without the intention of marriage, she had no difficulty in believing that neither her virtue nor her understanding would preserve her from falling an easy prey.

She had never perceived, while the regiment was in Hertfordshire, that Lydia had any partiality for him, but she was convinced that Lydia had wanted only encouragement to attach herself to any body. Sometimes one officer, sometimes another had been her favourite, as their attentions raised them in her opinion. Her affections had been continually fluctuating, but never without an object. The mischief of neglect and mistaken indulgence towards such a girl. -- Oh! how acutely did she now feel it.

She was wild to be at home -- to hear, to see, to be upon the spot, to share with Jane in the cares that must now fall wholly upon her, in a family so deranged; a father absent, a mother incapable of exertion and requiring constant attendance; and though almost persuaded that nothing could be done for Lydia, her uncle's interference seemed of the utmost importance, and till he entered the room, the misery of her impatience was severe. Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner had hurried back in alarm, supposing, by the servant's account, that their niece was taken suddenly ill; -- but satisfying them instantly on that head, she eagerly communicated the cause of their summons, reading the two letters aloud, and dwelling on the postscript of the last with trembling energy. -- Though Lydia had never been a favourite with them, Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner could not but be deeply affected. Not Lydia only, but all were concerned in it; and after the first exclamations of surprise and horror, Mr. Gardiner readily promised every assistance in his power. -- Elizabeth, though expecting no less, thanked him with tears of gratitude; and all three being actuated by one spirit, every thing relating to their journey was speedily settled. They were to be off as soon as possible. "But what is to be done about Pemberley?" cried Mrs. Gardiner. "John told us Mr. Darcy was here when you sent for us; -- was it so?"

"Yes; and I told him we should not be able to keep our engagement. That is all settled."

"That is all settled!" repeated the other, as she ran into her room to prepare. "And are they upon such terms as for her to disclose the real truth! Oh, that I knew how it was!"

But wishes were vain; or at best could serve only to amuse her in the hurry and confusion of the following hour. Had Elizabeth been at leisure to be idle, she would have remained certain that all employment was impossible to one so wretched as herself; but she had her share of business as well as her aunt, and amongst the rest there were notes to be written to all their friends in Lambton, with false excuses for their sudden departure. An hour, however, saw the whole completed; and Mr. Gardiner meanwhile having settled his account at the inn, nothing remained to be done but to go; and Elizabeth, after all the misery of the morning, found herself, in a shorter space of time than she could have supposed, seated in the carriage, and on the road to Longbourn.

第四十六章

如果说,大凡一个人爱上一个人,都是因为先有了感激之心,器重之意,那么,伊丽莎白这次感情的变化当然既合情理,又叫人无可非议。反而言之,世人有所谓一见倾心的场面,也有双方未曾交谈三言两语就相互倾心的场面,如果说,由感激和器重产生的爱情,比起一见倾心的爱情来,就显得不近人情事理,那我们当然就不能够再袒护伊丽莎白,不过还有一点可以替她交待清楚一下;当初韦翰使他动心的时候,她也许多少就采用了另一种比较乏味的恋爱方式。这且不提,却说她看见达西走了,真是十分惆怅;丽迪雅这次的丑行,一开头就造成了这样不良的后果,再想起这件糟糕的事,她心里更加痛苦。自从她读了吉英的第二封信以后,她再也不指望韦翰会存心和丽迪雅结婚了。她想,只有吉英会存这种希望,此外谁都不会。关于这件事的发展趋势,她丝毫不觉得奇怪。当她只读到第一封信的时候,她的确觉得太奇怪,太惊讶──韦翰怎么会跟这样一个无利可图的姑娘结婚?丽迪雅又怎么会爱上他?实在叫人不可理解。可是现在看来,真是再自然也没有了。象这一类的苟合,丽迪雅的风流妩媚可能也就足够了。

她虽然并不以为丽迪雅会存心跟人家私奔页不打算结婚,可是丽迪雅无论在品德方面或见识方面,的确都很欠缺,当然经不起人家勾引,这也是她意料中事。

民兵团驻扎在哈福德郡的时候,她完全没有看出丽迪雅对韦翰有什么倾心的地方,可是她深深认识到丽迪雅只要随便哪个人勾引一下就会上钩。她今天喜欢这个军官,明天又喜欢那个军官,只要你对她献殷勤,她就看得中你。她平常的情感极不专一,可是从来没有缺少过谈情说爱的对象。这只怪一向没有家教,对她任意纵容,结果使这样的一个姑娘落得这般下场。天哪!她现在实在体会得太深刻啦!

她非回家不可了──要亲自去听听清楚,看看明白,要赶快去给吉英分担一份忧劳。家里给弄得那么糟,父亲不在家,母亲撑不起身,又随时要人侍候,千斤重担都压在吉英一个人身上。关于丽迪雅的事,她虽然认为已经无法可想,可是她又认为舅父的帮助是极其重要的,她等他回来真等得万分焦急。且说嘉丁纳夫妇听了仆人的话还以为是外甥女得了急病,便连忙慌慌张张赶回来。伊丽莎白见到他们,马上说明并非得了急病,他们方才放心,她又连忙讲清楚找他们回来的原因,把那两封信读出来,又气急败坏地念着第二封信后面补写的那一段话。虽然舅父母平常并不喜爱丽迪雅,可是他们却不得不感到深切的忧虑,因为这件事不单是牵涉到丽迪雅,而是对于大家都体面攸关。嘉丁纳先生开头大为骇异,连声慨叹,然后便一口答应竭尽一切力量帮忙到底。伊丽莎白虽然并没有觉得事出意外,可还是感激涕零。于是三个人协力同心,一刹那工夫就样样收拾妥贴,只等上路。他们要走得越快越好。“可是怎样向彭伯里交待呢?“嘉丁纳太太大声地说:“约翰跟我们说,当你在找我们的时候,达西先生正在这儿,这是真的吗?“

“是真的;我已经告诉过他,我们不能赴约了。这件事算是交待清楚了。“

“这件事算是交待清楚了,“舅母一面重说了一遍,一面跑回房间去准备。“难道他们两人的交情已经好到这步田地,她可以把事实真相都说给他听了吗?哎唷,我真想弄明白这究竟是怎么回事!“

可惜她这个愿望落空了,最多不过在这匆匆忙忙、慌慌乱乱的一个钟头里面,宽慰了一下她自己的心。纵使伊丽莎白能够偷闲摸空跟她谈谈,在这种狼狈不堪的情况下,哪里还会有闲情逸致来谈这种事,何况她也和她舅母一样,有多少事情要料理;别的且不说,蓝白屯所有的朋友们就得由她写信去通知,执行捏造一些借口,说明他们为什么要突然离去。她在一小时以后,样样事情都已经料理妥贴,嘉丁纳先生也和旅馆里算清了账,只等动身。伊丽莎白苦闷了整整一个上午,想不到在极短的时间里,居然坐上马车,向浪搏恩出发了。