《傲慢与偏见》有声名著第47章05(中英对照)

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2012-6-11 09:44

《傲慢与偏见》有声名著第47章05(中英对照)

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《傲慢与偏见》(Pride and prejudice)是简·奥斯汀最早完成的作品之一.这部作品以日常生活为素材,一反当时社会上流行的感伤小说的内容和矫揉造作的写作方法,生动地反映 了18世纪末到19世纪初处于保守和闭塞状态下的英国乡镇生活和世态人情。这部社会风情画式的小说不仅在当时吸引着广大的读者,时至今日,仍给读者以独特 的艺术享受。

Chapter 47

"Oh! my dear brother," replied Mrs. Bennet, "that is exactly what I could most wish for. And now do, when you get to town, find them out, wherever they may be; and if they are not married already, make them marry. And as for wedding clothes, do not let them wait for that, but tell Lydia she shall have as much money as she chuses to buy them, after they are married. And, above all things, keep Mr. Bennet from fighting. Tell him what a dreadful state I am in, -- that I am frightened out of my wits; and have such tremblings, such flutterings all over me such spasms in my side, and pains in my head, and such beatings at heart, that I can get no rest by night nor by day. And tell my dear Lydia, not to give any directions about her clothes till she has seen me, for she does not know which are the best warehouses. Oh, brother, how kind you are! I know you will contrive it all."

But Mr. Gardiner, though he assured her again of his earnest endeavours in the cause, could not avoid recommending moderation to her, as well in her hopes as her fears; and, after talking with her in this manner till dinner was on table, they left her to vent all her feelings on the housekeeper, who attended in the absence of her daughters.

Though her brother and sister were persuaded that there was no real occasion for such a seclusion from the family, they did not attempt to oppose it, for they knew that she had not prudence enough to hold her tongue before the servants while they waited at table, and judged it better that one only of the household, and the one whom they could most trust, should comprehend all her fears and solicitude on the subject.

In the dining-room they were soon joined by Mary and Kitty, who had been too busily engaged in their separate apartments, to make their appearance before. One came from her books, and the other from her toilette. The faces of both, however, were tolerably calm; and no change was visible in either, except that the loss of her favourite sister, or the anger which she had herself incurred in the business, had given something more of fretfulness than usual to the accents of Kitty. As for Mary, she was mistress enough of herself to whisper to Elizabeth, with a countenance of grave reflection, soon after they were seated at table,

"This is a most unfortunate affair; and will probably be much talked of. But we must stem the tide of malice, and pour into the wounded bosoms of each other the balm of sisterly consolation."

Then, perceiving in Elizabeth no inclination of replying, she added, "Unhappy as the event must be for Lydia, we may draw from it this useful lesson: that loss of virtue in a female is irretrievable -- that one false step involves her in endless ruin -- that her reputation is no less brittle than it is beautiful, -- and that she cannot be too much guarded in her behaviour towards the undeserving of the other sex."

Elizabeth lifted up her eyes in amazement, but was too much oppressed to make any reply. Mary, however, continued to console herself with such kind of moral extractions from the evil before them.

第四十七章

班纳特太太回答道:“噢,好兄弟,这话正讲在我心上。你一到城里,千万把他们找到,不管他们在哪里也好;要是他们还没有结婚,一定叫他们结婚。讲到结婚的礼服,叫他们用不着等了,只告诉丽迪雅说,等他们结婚以后,她要多少钱做衣服我就给她多少钱。千万要紧的是,别让班纳特先生跟他打架。还请你告诉他,我真是在活受罪,简直给吓得神经错乱了,遍身发抖,东倒西歪,腰部抽搐,头痛心跳,从白天到夜里,没有一刻能够安心。请你跟我的丽迪雅宝贝儿说,叫她不要自作主张做衣服,等到和我见了面再说,因为她不知道哪一家衣料店最好。噢,兄弟,你真是一片好心!我知道你会想出办法来把样样事情都办好。“

嘉丁纳先生虽然又重新安了她一下心,说他一定会认真尽力地去效劳,可是又叫她不要过分乐观,也不要过分忧虑。大家跟她一直谈到吃中饭才走开,反正女儿们不在她跟前的时候,有管家妇等候她,她还可以去向管家妇发牢骚。

虽然她弟弟和弟妇都以为她大可不必和家里人分开吃饭,可是他们并不打算反对她这样做,因为他们考虑到她说话不谨慎,如果吃起饭来让好几个佣人一起来等候,那么她在佣人们面前把心里话全说了出来,未免不大好,因此最好还是只让一个佣人──一个最靠得住的佣人等候她,听她去叙述她对这件事是多么担心,多么牵挂。

他们走进饭厅不久,曼丽和吉蒂也来了,原来这两姐妹都在自己房间里忙着各人自己的事,一个在读书,一个在化妆,因此没有能够早一些出来。两人的脸色都相当平静,看不出有什么变化,只是吉蒂讲话的声调比平常显得暴躁一些,这或者是因为她丢了一个心爱的妹妹而感到伤心,或者是因为这件事也使她觉得气愤。至于曼丽,她却自有主张,等大家坐定以后,她便摆出一副严肃的面孔,跟伊丽莎白低声说道:

“家门不幸,遭此惨祸,很可能会引起外界议论纷纷。人心恶毒,我们一定要及时防范,免得一发不可收拾。我们要用姐妹之情来安慰彼此创伤的心灵。“

她看到伊丽莎白不想回答,便又接下去说:“此事对于丽迪雅固属不幸,但亦可以作为我们的前车之鉴。大凡女人家一经失去贞操,便无可挽救,这真是一失足成千古恨。美貌固然难于永保,名誉亦何尝容易保全。世间多的是轻薄男子,岂可不寸步留神?“

伊丽莎白抬起眼睛来,神情很是诧异;她心里实在太郁闷,所以一句话也答不上来。可是曼丽还在往下说,她要从这件不幸的事例中阐明道德的精义,以便聊以自慰。