GRE作文范例 7

作者:admin

来源:

2012-12-4 14:38

Issue

"The study of history has value only to the extent that it is relevant to our daily lives."

Sample Essay

To state that the study of history is only valuable if it is relevant to our daily lives is to ignore the value that history has beyond the day-to-day activities of human beings. It would seem to be a rather shallow statement that implies that humans only live just to survive rather than planning for the futures of their children and the environment.

First of all, to study history is to look at a road map of human behavior that has led us to where we are today in the world. For example, the lessons learned during all of the past wars can make for more effective wartime leadership by avoiding mistakes made by past commanders. From the ancient Chinese author Sun Tzu’s book "The Art of War", today’s military commanders and even business leaders gather valuable information that allows them to operate more efficiently and effectively. The study of this type of history has a value beyond the daily lives of people. It can lead to a military victory or the success of a business that directly affects what happens in the future, including the futures of those that are possibly not even born yet.

Another example is that by studying history, parents can help to improve the lives of their children in the future. Lessons learned by generations of their ancestors before them could help show them the way to properly raise a child. What worked for others can give guidance to the parents of today and tomorrow to make sure that children are prepared for their own futures beyond their daily lives.

Additionally, the study of medical advances made throughout history can be the foundation to build upon to make the medical advances of today and tomorrow to make people live longer and healthier lives. A researcher’s daily life may not be enhanced by the study of the history of the AIDS pathogen, but it could certainly bring about a profound effect on the lives of others in the future if ways to control and cure the disease are found. The study of previous research over history has led to many amazing medical discoveries. To study history only to enrich one’s daily life would here again seem to be incongruous with the truth.

A further example of the value of the study of history beyond its effect on daily life is the treatment of the environment and the earth as a whole. Looking back to the past to see the various effects of various human behaviors on the environment can show valuable lessons on what can happen if proper precautions are not taken. The nuclear accidents at Three Mile Island and Chernobyl have been studied to ensure that they do not happen again. Certainly the study of the effects of nuclear materials on humans and the environment provides value beyond that of the day-to-day life of people. The study of oil spills and their effects on the environment gives similar guidance on how to avoid or at least minimize the damage of an oil spill on the environment. The study of the disintegration of the ozone layer over the poles of the earth has given birth to new laws and regulations on certain chemicals that help to preserve this valuable part of our atmosphere. All of these examples of studying history provide value far beyond its impact on the daily lives of people.

To be certain, there are people out there that believe that only what affects them right here and right now is important. For them, the study of history might seem to be a waste of time if it does not affect their day-to-day lives. But for countless other individuals and groups, the study of history leads to improvements in activities that have an effect reaching far into the future, beyond their daily lives. The futures of mankind and the environment depend on these types of people who have enough foresight to study history to make for a better future for everyone.

观点陈述型作文/

"对历史的研究只有与我们日常生活相关才有其价值"。

范文:

"史学研究只有与我们日常生活相关才有价值"这一陈述忽略了历史在人类日常活动之外的价值。这似乎是一种甚为浅薄的论点,其言下之意是,人类生活在这个世界上只是为了得以生存下去,而不是为着其孩子和环境的未来作规划。

首先,研究历史即是去审视一帧人类行为的"指路图",让我们明白我们何以会处于目前的状态。例如,从过去战争中所吸取的全部教训能够通过帮助人们避免昔日指挥官们所犯的错误而促进更为有效的战时领导艺术。从中国古代的《孙子兵法》一书中,今天的军事指挥官们甚至是商界领袖们得以获取极有价值的信息,使他们能更有效地进行战争或商业操控。这种历史研究所具备的价值已超越了人们日常生活这一范畴。它所能导致的军事胜利或商业成功可直接影响到未来所要发生的一切,包括尚未出生的人的未来。

另一个例子是通过研究历史,父母们可以改善他们孩子在未来的生活。父辈之前的数代祖先们所学到的教训可以向父辈们表明什么才是抚养孩子的恰当方法。于他人有效的东西可以为当今和未来的父母们提供有益的指导,以确保孩子们可为其未来作好准备。

此外,研究历史上所取得的医学进步可以奠定一个基础,为当今和未来取得医学进步创造条件,使人们得以过上寿命更长且更为健康的生活。研究爱滋病病源体的历史,或许并不能改善研究人员的日常生活,但它却肯定能对其他人在未来的生活产生深远的影响,如果控制和治疗这一疾病的方法能被找到。对历史上昔日的研究进行分析,已导致了许多令人惊喜的医学发现。只为了丰富一个人日常生活而去研究历史,在这里将再一次与事实真相不符。

历史研究的价值能超越其对日常生活的直接影响,这方面的另一个案例是人类是如何对环境及整个地球的。回顾历史,看清各种人类行为对环境所造成的各种影响,这样做可以向人们昭示,如果不采取恰当的防范措施,则后患无穷。发生在三英里岛和切尔诺贝的核事故被研究,以便确保此类事故不再发生。就核物质对人类及环境的影响展开研究,这无疑会提供超越人们日常生活的价值。对原油泄漏及对环境影响进行研究,可以提供类似的指导,让人们懂得如何去避免或至少是减轻原油泄漏对环境产生的后果。对地球南北两极臭氧层遭破坏进行研究,促使人类就某些化学品制定出新的法规,从而有助于保护我们大气层中的有价值的这一部分。所有这些研究历史的实例所提供的价值无疑已超越了对人们日常生活所产生的影响。

当然了,社会上有些人相信,只有那些此时此地影响着他们的事情才是重要的。对他们而言,对历史的研究如果不能够影响到他们日常生活的话,就纯粹是在浪费时间。但对于无数其他个人和群体来说,研究历史可导致其所从事的活动的改善,这些活动所产生的影响会深入到未来,远远超越其日常生活。人类和环境的未来就有赖于这样一些类型的人,他们高瞻远瞩,从历史中获取有益的教训,以谋求为所有的人创造一个更为美好的未来。