六级长难句分析9

作者:admin

来源:

2014-4-18 11:06

Make primary care more attractive to medical students by forgiving student loans for those who choose primary care as a career and reconciling the marked difference between specialist and primary care physician salaries.

主干:Make primary care more attractive...

1.本句主干是个祈使句,用了“make+宾语(primary care)+补语(more attractive)“的句型。
2.介词短语by...表示方式,后面带了两个动名词短语forgiving...和recondiling...。forgive的常用意思是“原谅“,句中则表示“豁免,免除“;reconcile表示“调和“。who引导的定语从句修饰those,从句中用了choose...as... 的结构,表示“选择...做(职业)“。difference后面有一个between引导的介词短语作定语,between的宾语是(specialist and primary care physician)salaries,也就是说,salaries有两个定语,specialist和physician
译文:免除选择做初级护理医生的学生的助学带快,调和专科医生和初级保健医生的工资差距,以此吸引更多的医科学生选择初级护理工作。

Does going to Columbia University (tuition, room and board $49,260 in 2007-08) yield a 40% greater return than attending the University of Colorado at Boulder as an out-of-state student ($35,541)?

主干:Does going to...yield a...greater return than attending...?

1.本句是简单疑问句,比较句型,两个动名词短语going to...和attending...进行比较,这两个动名词都接了某个大学的名字作宾语,所以主干的含义是:难道上A大学比上B大学多出40%的受益吗?yield a return “产生利益回报,产生收益“。

2.括号里的内容分别说明上两所大学的费用。句末as引导的介词短语作状语,表示身份。
译文:难道去哥伦比亚大学(2007-2008年度的学费和食宿共计49260美元)真的会比跨州在博尔德上科罗拉大学(2007-2008年度学费和食宿共计25542美元)多带来40%的回报吗?