英语六级翻译特训(5)

作者:admin

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2011-3-28 10:43

1. It was essential that _______________(我们在月底前签订合同).

2. _______________(家庭人口多好还是人口少好)is a very popular topic,which is often talked about not only by city residents but by farmers as well.

3. We must _____________(用一切可能的办法来帮助他们).

4. We ________________(尽情地吃了一顿)at the new restaurant last Friday.

5. To most of the travelers,________________(衣、食、住、行)are all important elements.


答案解析:

1. We sign the contract by the end of the month

解析:当表示愿望,要求,命令等含义的形容词如advisable,appropriate,better,best,desirable,essential,fitting, imperative,important,impossible,incredible,insistent,natural,necessary, obligatory,preferable,proper,ridiculous,strange,surprising,urgent,vital出现在形式主语句中时,从句要用虚拟语气。"签订合同"英语固定说法是sign the contract。"在月底前"要用by the end of,而不是at the end of。

2. Whether a large family is good or not

解析:如果按照中文顺序逐一翻译就会得出译文Whether a large family is good thing or a small family is a good thing,这并没有语法错误,但不符合英语表达习惯。"家庭人口多好还是少好"可以理解为:家庭人口多是好事?还是坏事?所以这里我们可以采用反译法,将"还是人口少好"转移为汉语意思为"(人口多是好)还是不好"的英文表达--or not,使译文简洁明了,避免罗嗦。

3. help them in every way possible

解析:本题最有可能出现的译文是:use very possible way to help them。这样译文不能说错,但不是最间接、最好的翻译。英语里,通常把方式状语放在谓语部分之后,所以可得出译文:help them in every possible way。原句"可能"出现在被修饰语"办法"之前。根据英文习惯,"可能"的对应词possible应该放在所修饰的中心词way之后,所以有了最终译文:help them in every way possible。

4. ate to our hearts' content

解析:本题让考生们困扰的是如何翻译"一顿"这个量词。其实,"一顿"是汉语特有的量词表达,是对"吃"这个动作的补充说明。"在那家新餐馆吃"就暗含了"吃了一顿"的含义。英语里没有"一顿"的对应词。一般来说,可以不译,不影响全句意思的表达。"尽情地"是个固定搭配,可译成:to one's heart's content或to the top of one's bent。

5. food,clothing,shelter,and transportation

解析:本题要求考生熟悉汉英习语在转移时的异同。有些汉语习语在转移成英语时不需要变换位置。如:日日夜夜(day and night);但也有一些需要改变前后顺序,如:新旧(old and new);水火(fire and water);田径(track and field);钢铁(iron and steel);贫富(rich and poor);血肉(flesh and blood)。请注意本题中哪些词语的英译改变了顺序。