2015年高考英语试题及答案(湖北卷)

作者:admin

来源:

2015-6-15 16:59

注意事项:

1. 答卷前,先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上,并将准考证号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。用统一提供的2B铅笔将答题卡上试卷类型A后的方框涂黑。

2. 选择题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用统一提供的2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。

3. 完成句子和短文写作题的作答:用统一提供的签字笔直接答在答题卡上对应的答题区域内。写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。

4. 考试结束后,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)(略)

第二部分:词汇知识运用(共两节,满分30分)

第一节:多项选择(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10

ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

例:To make members of a team perform better, the trainer first of all has to know

their _____ and weaknesses

A. strengths B. benefits C. techniques D. values

答案:A

21.When he was running after his brother, the boy lost his ___ and had a bad fall.

A.balance B .chance C .memory D .place

22. He gave himself a new name to hide his ____ when he went to carry out the secret task.

A.emotion B.talent C.indentity D.treasure

23.The team are working hard to ___ the problem so that they can find the best solution.

A.face B.prevent C.raise D.analyze

24.In order not to be heard, she pointed her finger upwards to ____ that someone was moving about upstairs.

A.whisper B.signal C.declare D.complain

25.There is no doubt that this candidate’s advantage _____ his ability to communicate with foreigners in English.

A.leaves out B.goes against C.lies in D.makes up

26.Don’t worry. I’m sure your missing glasses will ______ sooner or later.

A.stand out B.break up C.get out D.turn up

27.Even though the conference hall is near his apartment, he has to hurry a little if he wants to be_____.

A.accurate B.punctual C.efficient D.reasonable

28.I don’t think what he said is _____ to the topic we are discussing . He has missed the point.

A.faithful B.parallel C.relevant D.similar

29.The girl used to be shy, but is ____ getting active in group work and is more willing to express herself.

A.gradually B.usually C.previously D.merely

30.This meeting room is a non-smoking area. I would like to warn you _____ that if you smoked here you would be fined.

A.in advance B.in detail C. in total D.in general

第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

“Daily Star, sir“ called Jason, carrying some newspapers under his arm. The little boy had been running up and down the street, but there were still twenty_31__left. His voice was almost gone and his heart was_32__. The shops would soon close, and all the people would go home. He would have to go home too, carrying the papers__33_money. He had hoped to sell more papers tonight to make more money to buy a__34_for his mother and some seeds for his bird. That was why he had bought the papers with all his money. He_35__as he thought of his failure to sell all his papers.

“You don’t know the __36_of selling papers. You must shout, “Hot news! Bomb bursting!“ another newsboy Chad told Jason. “_37__it’s not in the paper at all,“ replied Jason. “Just run away quickly__38__they have time to see, and you’ll __39_ out and get your money,“ Chad said.

It was a new _40__to Jason. He thought of his bird with no__41_and the cake he wanted to buy for his mother, but was__42_that he would not tell a lie. Though he was _43__ a poor newsboy, he had been_44__ some good things.

The next afternoon Jason went to the office for his papers_45__. Several boys were crowding around Chad, who declared with a__46_smile that he sold six dozen the day before. He added that Jason__47_money because he would not tell a lie. The boy _48__at Jason. “You wouldn’t tell a lie yesterday, my boy?“ A gentleman at the office came up and patted Jason’s shoulder__49_.“You’re just the boy I am looking for.“ A week later Jason started his new__50_. He lost sale of twenty papers because he would not tell a lie, but got a well-paid job because he told the truth.

31.A.shops B.coins C.people D.papers

32.A.open B.heavy C.pure D.weak

33.A.instead of B.in return for C.regardless of D.in exchange for

34.A.cup B.card C.comb D.cake

35.A.gave in B.broke down C.got away D.showed up

36.A.difficulty B.process C.goal D.secret

37.A.And B.But C.For D.So

38.A.before B.since C.though D.unless

39.A.call B.drop C.sell D.reach

40.A.edition B.idea C.policy D.task

41.A.bread B.insects C.seeds D.water

42.A.concerned B.amazed C.excited D.determined

43.A.still B.already C.just D.also

44.A.taught B.handed C.awarded D.allowed

45.A.at once B.by chance C.as usual D.on purpose

46.A.proud B.gentle C.warm D.polite

47.A.borrowed B.lost C.made D.saved

48.A.laughed B.shouted C.nodded D.started

49.A.bravely B.grateful C.fondly D.modestly

50.A.duty B.business C.job D.method

第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

阅读下列短文,从每篇短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

“I see you’ve got a bit of water on your coat,“ said the man at the petrol station. “Is it raining out there?“ “No, it’s pretty nice,“ I replied, checking my sleeve. “Oh, right. A pony(马驹) bit me earlier.“

As it happened, the bite was virtually painless: more the kind of small bite you might get from a naughty child. The pony responsible was queuing up for some ice cream in the car park near Haytor, and perhaps thought I’d jumped in ahead of him.

The reason why the ponies here are naughty is that Haytor is a tourist-heavy area and tourists are constantly feeding the ponies foods, despite sighs asking them not to. By feeding the ponies, tourists increase the risk of them getting hit by a car, and make them harder to gather during the area’s annual pony drift(迁移).

The purpose of a pony drift is to gather them up so their health can be checked, the baby ones can be stooped from feeding on their mother’s milk, and those who’ve gone beyond their limited area can be returned to their correct area. Some of them are also later sold, in order to limit the number of ponies according to the rules set by Natural England.

Three weeks ago, I witnessed a small near-disaster a few mils west of here. While walking, I noticed a pony roll over on his back. “Hello!“ I said to him, assuming he was just rolling for fun, but he was very still and, as I got closer, I saw him kicking his legs in the air and breathing heavily. I began to properly worry about him. Fortunately, I managed to get in touch with a Dartmoor’s Livestock Protection officer and send her a photo. The officer immediately sent a local farmer out to check on the pony. The pony had actually been trapped between two rocks. The farmer freed him, and he began to run happily around again.

Dartmoor has 1,000 or so ponies, who play a critical role in creating the diversity of species in this area. Many people are working hard to preserve these ponies, and trying to come up with plans to find a sustainable(可持续的) future for one of Dartmoor’s most financially-troubled elements.

51. Why are tourists asked not to feed the ponies?

A. To protect the tourists from being bitten

B. To keep the ponies off the petrol station

C. To avoid putting the ponies in danger

D. To prevent the ponies from fighting

52. One of the purposes of the annual pony drift is ______________.

A. to feed baby ponies on milk

B. to control the number of ponies

C. to expand the habitat for ponies

D. to sell the ponies at a good price

53. What as the author’s first reaction when he saw a pony roll on its back?

A. He freed it from the trap

B. He called a protection officer

C. He worried about it very much

D. He thought of it as being naughty

54. What does the author imply about the preservation of Dartmoor’s ponies?

A. It lacks people’s involvement.

B. It costs a large amount of money

C. It will affect tourism in Dartmoor.

D. It has caused an imbalance of species

B

Just consider something as simple as sleep. Its position presents its own challenges. The main question is whether you want your arms inside or outside the sleeping bag. If you leave your arms out, they float free in zero gravity, often giving a sleeping astronaut the look of a funny ballet(芭蕾) dancer. “I’m an inside guy,“ Mike Hopkins says, who returned from a six-month tour on the International Space Station. “I like to be wrapped up.“

On the station, the ordinary becomes strange. The exercise bike for the American astronauts has no handlebars. It also has no seat. With no gravity, it’s just as easy to(C部分暂缺)

D

Hilversum is a medium-sized city between the major cities of Amsterdam and Utrecht in the Gooi area of North Holland, the Netherlands. Unlike most of the Netherlands, Hilversum is actually in a hilly area with the soil mostly consisting of sand, Once called the Garden of Amsterdam, it still attracts travelers to come over to cycle and walk through the surrounding forests. They visit it for a relaxing day off from the urban madness. For Dutch people, Hilversum is all about textile(纺织) and media industries, and modern architecture.
In history, Hilversum was largely an agricultural area. Daily life was marked by farming, sheep raising and wool production. A railway link to Amsterdam in 1874 attracted rich traders from Amsterdam to Hilversum. They built themselves large villas(
别墅)in the wooded surroundings of the town. One of the families moving in was the Brenninkmeijers, currently the wealthiest family of the Netherlands. They moved in after big success in the textile industry and aided a substantial textile industry in Netherlands. But the textile boom lasted only several decades. The last factory closed in the 1960s.
The change to a media economy started in 1920,when the Nederlandse Seintoestellen Fabriek(NSF) Established a radio factory in Hilversum. Most radio stations settled in the large villas in the leafy areas of the town. Television

E

Science has a lot of uses. It can uncover laws of nature, cure diseases, make bombs, and help bridges to stand up. Indeed science is so good at what it does that there’s always a temptation(诱惑) to drag it into problems where it may not be helpful. David Brooks, author of The Social Animal: The Hidden Sources of Love, Character, and Achievement, appears to be the latest in a long line of writers who have failed to resist the temptation.

Brooks gained fame for several books. His latest book The Social Animal, however, is more ambitious and serious than his earlier books. It is an attempt to deal with a set of weighty topics. The book focuses on big questions: What has science revealed about human nature? What are the sources of character? And why are some people happy and successful while others aren’t?

To answer these questions, Brooks surveys a wide range of disciplines(学科). Considering this, you might expect the book to be a dry recitation of facts. But Brooks has structured his book in an unorthodox(非常规的), and perhaps unfortunate, way. Instead of introducing scientific theories, he tells a story, within which he tries to make his points, perhaps in order to keep the reader’s attention. So as Harold and Erica, the hero and heroine in his story, live through childhood, we hear about the science of child development and as they begin to date we hear about the theory of sexual attraction. Brooks carries this through to the death of one of his characters.

On the whole, Brooks’s story is acceptable if uninspired. As one would expect, his writing is mostly clear and, to be fair, some chapters stand out above the rest. I enjoyed, for instance, the chapter in which Harold discovers how to think on his own. While Harold and Erica are certainly not strong or memorable characters, the more serious problems with The Social Animal lie elsewhere. These problems partly involve Brooks’s attempt to translate his tale into science.

67. The author mentions the functions of science at the beginning of the passage to__________.

A. illustrate where science can be applied

B. demonstrate the value of Brooks’s new book

C. remind the reader of the importance of science

D. explain why many writers use science in their works

68. According to the author, which of the following could be a strength of the book?

A. Its strong basis.

B. Its convincing points.

C. Its clear writing.

D. Its memorable characters.

69. What is the author’s general attitude towards the book?

A. Contradictory.

B. Supportive.

C . Cautious.

D. Critical.

70. What is the author likely to write about after the last paragraph?

A. Problems with the book.

B. Brooks’s life experience.

C. Death of the characters.

D. Brooks’s translation skills.

第四部分:书面表达(共两节,满分50分)

第一节:完成句子(共10小题;每小题2分,满分20

阅读下列各小题,根据汉语提示,用句末括号内的英语单词完成句子,并将答案写在答题卡上的相应题号后。

例:______ was that the young player performed extremely well in the table tennis

tournament. (delight)

令球迷欣喜的是那位年轻的球员在乒乓球锦标赛中表现得极为出色。