高考英语短语动词强化记忆(一)

作者:admin

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2011-12-14 14:17

一、动词be构成的短语动词

1 be known as/be famous as作为……而闻名
be known for因……而出名
be known to为……所知
be known by凭……而知
The hill is known for the temple.
LuXun is known to us as a writer.
One can be known by his words and deeds.
2.be married to与……结婚
She is married to a musician
3.be tired of/with对……厌烦
He is tired of/with this kind of life.
=He is bored with this kind of life.
4.be terrified at被……吓一跳
He is terrified at the snake.
5.be burdened with负重
He is burdened with a heavy load.
6.be crowded with挤满
The shop is crowded with people.
7.be dressed in穿着
She is dressed in red.
8.be experienced in对……有经验
He is experienced in mending bikes.
9.be equipped with装备
They are equipped with guns and food.
10.be furnished with提供,布置
They are furnished with enough food.
11.be engaged in sth从事,忙于(=be busy with sth)
He has been engaged in writing novels.
12.be engaged to与……订婚
My daughter is engaged to a nice doctor.
13.be about to do sth.正要做……
I was just about to go swimming when our guide saw me and stopped me.
14.be fit to do/be fit for胜任;适合于
He is fit to do the work.
These books are not fit for children.
15.be worth doing值得做……
The film is worth seeing again.
16.be proud of以……而自影骄傲
I am proud of being a Chinese.
17.be used to sth./doing sth.习惯于……
My grandpa is not used to living in the noisy city
18.be content to do sth./with… 甘愿于干……;满足于……
I am content with your work this time.
19.be content with对……感到满意
You should be content with what you have
20.be up to应由……,轮到……
It's up to her to answer the question.
21.be meant/intended for打算给,打算用作
Is this valuable painting meant for me?
22.be connected with与……有联系
He was also connected with the government.
23.be crazy about对……狂热
Many young people are crazy about Hip-Hop.

#p#副标题#e#

二、动词break构成的短语动词

1.break out爆发
The Anti—Japanese War broke out in 1937.
2.break in打断;闯入
Two robbers broke in and robbed the bank of a lot of money.
3.break into闯入;破门而入
They broke into the uncle’s bedroom and found the man lying on the floor。dead.
4.break away from脱离
Lincoln said it was not fight for the south to break away from the union.
5.break down(机器,车辆)坏了;失败了;摧毁;分解
We are sorry to arrive late.but the car broke down.
6.break through突破
The marchers broke through the line of the police.
7.break off折断;中断;断绝
Let’s break off for half an hour and have some tea.
8.break up驱散,拆散
The police broke up the crowd.

三、动词carry构成的短语动词

1.carry on进行
He had learned enough English to carry on a conversation
2.carry out执行;进行
They were carrying out an important experiment.
3.carry away拿走
Please carry these desks away.
4.carry off夺走,抢走
Some unknown man carried off the prize

四、动词call构成的短语动词

1.call on拜访某人,号召
We will call on Mr.Li tomorrow.
We are called on to help those in trouble.
2.call at拜访某地
I called at your office yesterday, but you were not in
3.call for需要;要求;邀约(人);取(物)
Success called for hard work.
call for a doctor去请医生
4.call in 请来;收回
Mother is badly i11.so call in a doctor at once.
5.call up打电话;征召;回想起
I called Tom up and told him the news.
In most countries men are called up at the age of 18.
As I grew up in a small town at the foot of a mountain, the visit to the village called up scenes of my childhood.

五、动词catch,hold构成的短语动词

1.catch/take/get hold of sth.抓住某物
Catch/Get/Take hold of the rope.and I'll pull you up.
2.catch up with赶上
Work hard and I gin sure you are able to catch up with others in class.
3.catch fire着火;烧着
Last night a big building caught fire.
4.catch sight of发现;看到
When the mice caught sight of the cat,the mice run away as quickly as possible.
5.hold up举起;阻滞(交通等);耽搁
He held up one of his fingers and showed it to the class.
In the rush hour the traffic is hold up.,.
6.hold back阻止;控制
We must hold them back from fighting.
7.hold one’s breath憋住气,屏息
How long can you hold your breath under water?
8 . hold out坚持;拿出
We must hold out until help comes.