高考英语短语动词强化记忆(三)

作者:admin

来源:

2011-12-18 09:19

十一、动词have构成的短语动词
1.have a word with sb.和某人说句话
Could you spare a few minutes? I want to have a word with
2.have words with争吵
They’ve had words with her about money.
3.have(deep)effects on对……有(深远)影响
The book has great effects on his life.
4.have difficulty in/find difficulty in/have trouble in 做……有困难
We have/find difficulty in writing the composition.
We have trouble in writing the composition.

十二、动词keep构成的短语动词
1.keep on doing sth.继续或反复做某事
Marx kept on studying English and using it when he lived in London.
2.keep up坚持
Keep up your courage and you will succeed.
3.keep up with跟上
She can’t keep up with others.
4.keep back保留;阻止;隐瞒;拒留
She was in deep sorrow。but she kept back her tears.
5.keep away from远离
Keep children away from fire.
6.keep out of使……不进入
In the ancient time, the Great Wall was built in order to keep enemy out of country.
7.keep one’s word遵守诺言
I am sure you will keep your word.
8.keep in touch with与……保持联系
We have kept in touch with each other by writing letters.
9.keep silent保持沉默
He kept silent.about the matter.
10.keep/prevent/stop...from doing sth.制止(防止)……做某事
The heavy rain kept us from going out.
11.keep off使……远离
Please keep off the grass.

十三、动词knock构成的短语动词
1.knock at敲(门、窗等)
Yon should knock at the door before coming in.
2.knock down撞倒
They make sure the cows not knock the young trees down or eat the leaves..
3.knock off撞掉下来
A child ran into the street and knocked the woman off her bicycle.
4.knock about连续打击/碰撞,漂泊,闲逛
He has knocked about all over Asia.

十四、动词look构成的短语动词
1.1ook up抬头;查阅
You may look up new word in a dictionary.
2.1ook out小心
Look out! The pan is on fire.
3.1ook into调查
We’11 further look into the matter.
4.1ook forward to盼望
We look forward to knowing the results of the exam.
5.1ook through仔细看;浏览
You have to look through the papers before you hand them
6.1ook up to尊敬
Young children sho uld look up to old people.
7.1ook down upon瞧不起
The days are gone when women were looked down upon
8.1ook like看起来
You look like your father.
9.1ook on…as(=treat/consider/take/think of...as) 把……看作
He looks on the computer as his friend.
10.1ook after照顾
When I am out,my husband looks after our baby.
11.1ook for寻找
What are you looking for?

十五、动词make构成的短语动词
1.make a dive for向……猛冲
The dog made a dive for the bone.
2.make an apology to向……道歉
He apologized/made an apology to her.
3.be made up of组成
Two thirds of the earth’s surface is made up of vast ocean.
4.make up组成;化妆;打扮;补充;弥补;编造;捏造
Great Britain and Northern Ireland make up the United Kingdom.
It took her more than one hour to make up for the party
Our losses have to be made up with more loans.
The whole story is made up.
5.make room for给……腾地方
Would you like to make room for the old lady?
6.make up one’s mind下决心
I have made up my mind to work harder than before.
7.make up for弥补
We must make up for the time wasted before.
8.make use of利用
We should make full use of the books in the library
9.make one’s way排除困难前进
After the film ended we made our way out of cinema.
10.make progress进步
With the teacher's help,I have made much progress.
11.make repairs修理
They are making repairs in that building
12.make a promise许诺言
Father made a promise to buy me a new computer
13.make a living谋生
He began to make a living by himself when he was ten.
14.make the best of尽量利用
Mother didn’t enjoy his job,but she made the best of it
15.make for走向,前往
They set off by car and made for the nearest town.
16.make out认出,理解
We made out a figure in the darkness.
It’s difficult to make out his ideas.
17.make it成功,及时达到
After hard—working.we made it at last.