高考英语短语动词强化记忆(四)

作者:admin

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2011-12-19 10:21

十六、动词put构成的短语动词

1.put away放好;收起来
Put the books away after reading.
2.put down记下;平息 .
Put down the gentleman’s address.
3.put out扑灭;出版
It took the fire—fighters four hours to put out the fire
4.put up举起;建造;张贴;公布,投宿
Many new high buildings have been put up in our city
5.put up with(=stand/bear)忍受
He is prepared to put up with it for the time being
6.put on穿上;上演;增加
We will put on the new play next month.
7.put off延期;拖延
The sports meet will be put off because of the bad weather
8.put through完成;(打电话)把……接通
Can you put me through to this number?
9.put forward提出建议,拨快(钟等)
The doctor put forward a good suggestion.

十七、动词take构成的短语动词

1.take up占用(时间;空间);从事
The piano takes up too much space in the room
2.take…out拿出去
We don’t allow taking books out of the reading room
3.take sides站在……一边
Switzerland didn’t take sides in the First World War.
4.take place发生
The strike took place just before liberation.
5.take the place of代替
Now cotton can be taken the place of by many other materials.
6.take one’s place就座;代替某人职位
They took their places before the meeting began.
7.take it easy别着急
Take it easy.and you are not badly i11.
8.take off脱掉;起飞;成功
The plane takes off at eight.
They not just made progress but took off.
9.take part in参加
Martin Luther King took a leading part in the great march
10.take pride in以……而自豪
He took pride in being a student in Beijing University.
11.take away(from)拿走;使停留,使离开
The child was taken away from school,not allowed to at.
12.take in欺骗,摄取
take on雇用,接受(工作),呈现(品质、面貌)
take over接管
The pretty girl took in my feeling.
You’d better take in some fruits.
Yon have taken on too much
The frogs can take on the colours of its background
The new headmaster took over yesterday.
He is taking over my job while I'm on holiday.

#p#副标题#e#

十八、动词turn构成的短语动词

1.turn up出现;开大(音量);到达,发生
He didn’t turn up until two o'clock yesterday afternoon
2.turn against背叛
She will never turn against her country
3.turn on旋开(电灯等)
Turn on TV please..
4.turn off关上(电灯等)
Please turn off the light before you 1eave.
5.turn down开小(音量)
Would you mind turning down the radio?
6.turn over翻转
It is spring now,and peasants are turning over the fields
7.turn in交出;交
Jane turned in the wallet found at the school gate.
8.turn to找某人寻求帮助;翻到;转向
They always turn to me when they are in trouble.
9.turn into变成
It turned into a nice day.
10.turn out结果是/关掉/查明/生产
Do you think the crops will turn out well this year?
The day turn out fine.
The factory turns out 100 car8 per day.

十九、动词help, hand, lead,die构成的短语动词

1.help sb.with sth.帮助某人做某事
I often help my mother with house work.
2.help oneself to sth.尽管请便;请随便吃
As you like fish,help yourself to it.
3.hand in交上来
You have to hand in your compositions before weekend.
4.hand out分发
Would you like to help me to hand out the books to your classmates?
5.1ead to sth./doing sth.导致
Hard work can lead to Success.
6.1ead a...1ife过……的生活
Einstein led a simple life in America.
7.die of死于……(内因)
die from死于……(外因)
The old man died of old age.
Many old people died from air pollution in winter.
8.die out灭绝
This kind of bird is dying out.

二十、动词tell, talk, speak,hear,ask, answer构成的短语动词

1.talk to/with sb.和某人谈话
The woman I talked to just now is in charge of the office.
2.speak of/speak about大胆讲话;大声说出来
He dared to speak about his opinion at the meeting.
3.hear of听说
I don’t know him.but I have heard of him.
hear from接到某人的书信
I haven’t heard from him for nearly a year.
4.ask for要;请求
He often asks his parents for money.
5.ask sb.to do sth.要某人做某事
ask sb.for sth.向某人要某物
6.answer for对……负责
You will have to answer for your behaviour one day