高考冲刺超强正反背诵

作者:admin

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2012-7-5 09:59

高考冲刺超强正反背诵(按小词和易混词汇记忆)

按小词(介词、副词)记忆

l.动词+about
speak/talk about 谈论  think about 思考
care about 关心,对……有兴趣 bring about 引起,使发生
set about 着手,开始   come about 发生
h ear about 听说 worry about 为……担心

2.动词+away
throw away 扔掉  blow away 吹走
carry away 拿走,使入迷   clear away 清除掉,消散
die away 逐渐消失,减弱 pass away 去世
wash away 冲走take away 拿走,使消失
put away 收拾起来,存起来 give away 背弃,泄漏,赠送
wear away 磨掉,消耗  break away 摆脱
send away 让走开  turn away 把……打发走

3.动词+back
keep back 隐瞒,忍住  look back(on) 回顾
hold back 控制住  give back 归还
call back 回电话  take back 拿回,收回

4.动词+for 
run for 竞选  ask for 要求得到
wait for 等候 stand for 代表,表示
long for 渴望 hope/wish for 希望得到
care for 关心,喜欢   beg for 乞求
search for 查找   look for 寻找
call for 需要,要求   hunt for 寻找
change…for 用……换  charge…for 收费,要价
apply for 申请 take…for 误以为……是
seek for 寻找  come for 来拿,来取

5.动词+down
burn down 烧毁 break down 坏了,垮了,分解
take down 记下,记录  turn down 调小,拒绝
cut down 削减,砍倒   slow down 慢下来
pass down 传下来  put down 记下,写下,镇压
calm down 平静下来 bring down 使……降低,使倒下
settle down 安家  come down 下落,传下
tear down 拆毁,拆除

6.动词+at
come at 向……袭击 shout at 冲(某人)嚷嚷
run at 冲向,向……攻击   work at 干……活动(研究)
tear at 用力撕 look at 看,注视
stare at 凝视 glare at 怒视
glance at 匆匆一瞥 laugh at 嘲笑
knock at 敲(门、窗等) point at 指向
smile at 冲(某人)笑   strike at 向……打击
aim at 向……瞄准 shoot at 向……射击
wonder at 惊讶 call at 拜访(地点)

7.动词+from
differ from 与……不同  suffer from 受……苦
hear from 收到……来信  die from 因……而死
keep/stop/prevent…from不让……做learn from 向……学习  
result from 由于 date from 始于……时期  
separate…from 把……分离开

8.动词+of
think of 想到 dream of 梦到
consist of 由……组成  speak of 谈到
approve of 赞成 die of 死于
talk of 谈到   hear of 听说
complain of 抱怨   become of 发生……情况,怎么啦

9.动词+off
start off 出发 set off 出发
leave off 中断 show off 炫耀
get off 下车  take off 脱下,起飞
see off 送行  ring off 挂断电话
put off 延期,推迟 come off 脱落,褪色
cut off 切断,断绝 fall off 跌落,掉下
keep off 避开,勿走近 go off 走开;消失;坏了,爆炸,不喜欢
knock…off 把……撞落 break off 打断
pay off 还清  carry off 携走带走,赢得
get off 脱下(衣服等)  give off 散发出
turn(switch) off 关掉

10.动词+on
depend on 依靠 rely on 依靠
insist on 坚持 carry on 继续,进行
keep/go on 继续  spend…on 在……花钱
put on 穿上,戴上,上演 call on 拜访
move on 继续移动,往前走  live on 以……为生
feed on 以……为生 bring on 使……发展
take on 雇用,呈现(新面貌等)  try on 试穿
have on 穿着  pass on 传授,传递
look on 旁观  turn(switch) on 打开

#p#副标题#e#

11.动词+out
break out 爆发 point out 指出
pick out 选出 figure out 算出,理解
burst out 进发 bring out 阐明,使表现出
carry out 执行,进行 help out 救助
hold out 坚持下去 set out 出发,着手,摆放
wear out 穿破,使……疲劳 turn out 结果是,生产,培养
make out 理解,看清楚 come out 出版,出来
cross out 划掉 leave out 省略,删掉
keep out(of) 使不进入,挡住 work out 算出,想出办法等
find out 查出,弄明白 give out 散发,分发,用完
try out 试用,试验 look out 当心,提防
put out 扑灭 speak out 大胆讲出
hand out 散发 send out 发出,派遣
run out 用完 go out 熄灭
let out 泄漏,发出(声音),出租 die out 灭绝

12.动词十in
give in 让步 hand in 上交
bring in 引进,使得到收入 drop in 拜访
result in 导致 succeed in 在……获成功
join in 参加 take in 接纳,吸收,改小
get in 收获,进入 break in 强制进入,插话
fill in 填写 call in 召集,来访
cut in 插入 persist in 坚持
look in 来访,参观

13.动词十into
look into 研究,调查 turn into 变成
burst into 闯入,进发 divide…into 把……分成
change…into 把……变成 put/translate…into 把……译成
run into碰到 send sb to/into sleep 使进入状态

14.动词+over
turn over 翻倒,细想 think over 仔细考虑
go over 审阅,检查,研究 look over 翻阅,检查
get over 克服 run over 压死,看一遍
take over 接管,接替 watch over 看守,照看
fall over 跌倒,摔倒 roll over 翻滚

15.动词十to
belong to 属于 object to 反对
refer to 谈到,涉及,参阅 point to 指向
turn to 向……求助,查阅 stick/hold/keep to 坚持,忠于
see to 处理,料理 come to 共计,苏醒
reply to 答复 get to 到达
bring to 使苏醒把……比作 compare…to 与…相比;把…比作
agree to 同意 write to 写信给
supply…to 为……提供 lead to 导致,通向
add to 增添 attend to 处理,专心,照料
devote…to 贡献给

16.动词+up
grow up 成长,长大 give up 放弃,献出
build up 建立 set up 架起、建立
put up 搭起,架起,安装,住宿,张贴,盖起
do up 整理,包装,打扮
go up 增长,上涨get up 起床,站起
pick up 拾起,学会,用车,来接,收听到
bring up 抚养,呕吐,提出 出现 turn up 开大(音量等),出席stay up 挺住,熬夜 take up 开始学,从事,占据
sit up 熬夜 eat up 吃完
use up 用完 tear up 撕碎
lay up 储存 make up构成,组成 编造 弥补cut up 切碎 join up 联结起来,参军
end up 总结 come up 上来,长出,出现
speed up 加快速度 throw up 呕吐
clear up 整理,收拾,放晴 look up 查找,找出
bum up 烧毁 catch up 赶上
hurry up 赶快 fix up 修理,安排,装置
keep up 保持 hold up 耽搁,使停顿
send up 发射 ring up 打电话
open up 开创,开辟 divide up 分配
break up 分解

17.动词十through
get through 通过,干完,接通电话 look through 翻阅,看一遍,仔细查看
go through 审阅,检查,学习 put…through 接通电话
see through 识破 check through 核对
pull through 渡过危机,康复

18.动词+with
deal with 处理,对付 do with 处理,需要
meet with 遇到,遭受 talk with 同……交谈
agree with 同意,与……一致 compare with 与……相比
combine with 与……相联合 equip…with 以……装备
cover…with 用……覆盖 begin with 以……开始
end up with 以……结束 supply…with 以……供给
provide…with 以……供给 play with 玩,玩弄

19.三词以上的短语动词
add up to 总计 break away from 摆脱
keep away from 避开,别靠近 do away with 废除
look down on 轻视 look up to 仰望,尊敬
put up with 忍受 catch up with 赶上
keep up with 赶上 run out of 用完
make up for 弥补 go on with 继续
get on(along) with 和……相处 look forward to 盼望
get close to 接近 take hold of 握住
get out of 逃避,避免 get down to 认真开始
set fire to 放火烧 pay attention to 注意
take notice of 注意 set an example to 为……榜样
do well in 在……干得好 pay a visit to 访问
take a photo of 拍……照片 take the place of 取代

#p#副标题#e#

易混短语强化记忆

in turn一个接一个地
in return 作为回报

I tried to do a good deed, but this is what I got in return,

by turns=one after the other

take turn to do sth.轮流做某事

turn secretary=become a secretary

turn to sb ( for help ) turn up=appear

turn out=prove to be / produce

turn down 拒绝=refuse;音量调低 ;向下翻;

2. If she spent five years in Paris, how come she can't speak a word of French?

她假若在巴黎呆了五年,怎麽一句法语都不会说呢?

come across 越过某处;被理解;偶然发现, 偶然遇到

come into being/existence 出现,开始形成,建立

come into use/service 开始使用 (无被动)

come out 出来; 出发;出版;名列…;(总数等)达到(+ at/to)

come to light 泄露(真相);被发现

cf. Your statement does not throw light on the subject. 并没有说明问题

come true实现,变成现实 My dream has come true. 我的一个梦想实现了。

Cf. realize one’s dream reach one’s goal turn sth into reality

come up 升起;走进;种子生长发育; 被提出

come up with an idea(突然)想出办法

3. go all out to do sth 全力以赴去做某事 =try one’ best to…=do what / all one can to…

go beyond 超出;超出…的能力 go beyond one’s ability / imagination / control

go in for参与,参与(竞赛等);从事(某项工作);爱好,酷爱

go out (火)熄灭,过时了

cf. put out the fire(灭火) put off 推迟, 延期( put off the meeting );

put down the rebellion(镇压)

go with 相配 (同义词match / go along with)

4. keep in touch with与…保持联系(指状态)

get in touch with (指动作)

keep up your courage保持勇气,别泄气

keep up with 跟上 catch up with 赶上

5. look down upon/ on sb 轻视某人;鄙视某人/某物

look on /upon sb./sth. as 把...看作.(近义词组:regard…as; treat…as; consider…as/to be)

look over 对…审阅;粗略地看;翻阅
look up a word in a dictionary查阅…

look through 透过…看(尤指空隙或透明物体等);(从头到尾)初略地翻阅

look up to sb 尊敬某人

look sb. in the eye 盯着

6. make oneself at home(如同在家一般)随便些,不必客气

make arrangements for为…做安排

make a been line for取捷径前往

make room for让出地方,腾出空间

make the best of 充分利用 ,尽量利用

make the most of尽量利用,善于利用

make up for lost time/ground加紧努力补回失去或落后的时间

make oneself heard / understood使自己被别人听到/听懂理解

make good /no sense有意义/没意义

make tea/coffee 泡茶/咖啡

make for有助于,使成为 Cultural exchanges make for mutual understanding.

7. put away 放好;收起来;把…放在原位;储藏 放弃

put aside放在一边;抛弃;暂时不做;留出(时间),省出(钱)

put sth. in order(使)整齐

put on weight增加体重(lose weight减肥,减少体重)

put on your clothes穿衣 take off your clothes脱衣

put an end/stop to制止,使停止,结束

cf. come to an end(某事)结束 end up with failure以失败而告终

put up with和某人住在一起;忍受,忍耐=bear / stand

put through 做成,完成;接通电话 使通过考试;使经历(难受的事)

8. take sb. by surprise (出人意料地)攻占;撞见
take A for B 把A误认为是B

take sb./sth. for granted认为…是必然情况,视为当然

take sth. into account/consideration加以考虑;予以重视

take advantage of 利用;占…的便宜

take the opportunity of抓住机会;利用(机会)

take charge of开始负…的责;看管;控制

take it easy=Don’t be nervous

take your time 从容 Take your time. There is still half an hour left.

take the place of代替 cf. stand for代表

take on a new look 呈现新面貌 take off脱下,起飞
take on sb 雇用 =employ sb=hire sb

take in fresh air=absorb

take up 占据(时间,地方);从事于 take up space / much time take up a city攻占城市

take up arms (against)拿起武器反对…,武装起来与…作对

take over接管,接替

9. turn down 拒绝;音量调低 ;向下翻;

turn out制造出,生产出,培养出;结局是,结果是;原来是

It turns out that知道是…,结果证明是

It is one's turn to do sth 轮到某人做某事

turn over a new leaf重新生活,改过自新

turn in sth to sb 上交

10. not a little=much not a bit=not at all=not in the least

---Are you hungry?

---Not a little. I could eat a horse.

#p#副标题#e#

11. break away from(the Union )脱离(联邦)

get rid of bad habit 去掉 do away with废除

12. drop in at a place drop in on ab 顺便拜访

13. due to=caused by The accident was due to careless driving.

owing to=because of Owing to the rain they could come.

thanks to=as a result of Thanks to your help we were successful.

14. feel like doing=would like to do…

15. figure out=imagine=work out make out 辩认,拼凑

16. have a gift for=be talented at

17. in short简言之 in a word 一句话

18. knock into sb=happen to meet sb cf. knock sb down 撞倒

19. let out a cry of surprise= cry out

20. It is no wonder that …

There is no doubt that …

21. on show在展出 cf. show off one new clothes 炫耀

22. out of order=in a mess / sth goes wrong in (good) order

23. pick up sb 开车去接 pick out=choose

24. run short of run out of=use up

Our supplies have run short(不用被动语态)=We have run short of supplies.

25. run for 竞选 call for=need

send for a doctor=ask sb to go to fetch a doctor

apply for the position 申请
run into sb=(suddenly) see sb撞上/碰到

26. set about to do sth=set out to do sth

27. burst out laughing carry out a plan执行

The war broke out in late autumn.

His shoes were worn out. wear out 穿破

28. cut down the price 削减 cut off electricity 切断

29. call off a meeting=not hold …取消 see sb off at the airport 送行
set off for the first destination

30. break in 打断/插入 be engaged in 从事

31. reply to sb=answer sb stick to sth / to doing sth

see to sb=take care of sb

take to开始, 喜欢, 沉溺于, 走向, 照料, 求助于, 适应
take to gardening when one retires take to drinking

get down to some solid work认真开始… object to sth/ doing …反对

32. tear up a letter 撕… keep up one’s courage保持…

bring up a child 抚养… break up a family 拆散…

stay up late at night=do not go to sleep until very late

33. pass away=die die away= (sound ) gradually disappear

34. cut through=take a shortcut see through one’s trick

I couldn’t get through; the line was busy.

35. in charge of负责 in the charge of,意味着在…管理下

36. add up to总计 add to=increase增加/添加

37. all at once=all of a sudden=suddenly

38. give out散发,分发,用完 give away背弃,泄露,赠送

39. keep … safe

to remain safe : cf: remaining food(剩菜剩饭)=leftover

to stay safe

40. What do you think of your new job?

How do you like your new job ?

How do you find your new job? 你认为你的新工作怎么样?