为了让学生们在开始工作之前就对口译的几大应用领域都有接近实际的经 历，知道需要如何准备，如何应付，本教材36个练习单元的内容全部采用政府政策宣传讲话，高级官员对外讲话，中国和英国的招商推介，以及英、美大公司的介 绍。这些都是实际口译工作中需求增长最快、最需要专业技能的领域。
（英）林超伦， 自1995年以来，林超伦先生一直担任英国女王、首相和议会上下两院领导人与中国高层领导人的会谈口译。他曾于1998年和2003年两次陪同布莱尔首相 访华，并且以英国政府译员的身份，参加接待了近年来所有访问英国的中国领导人。英国主要对华组织英中贸易协会、英国文化委员会、英中友好协会以及英国著名 的公司和组织也多次聘请他担任重大活动的口译。 林超伦先生还负责英国首相府和外交部的文件翻译，并经常为各大公司翻译宣传资料、广告及品牌、法律和技术文件。林超伦先生以其优秀的翻译质量和丰富的口译 经验在口译界享有良好的声誉。
单元19 霍尔塞特公司 (英音)
Our reputation for engineering excellence has created a sound base for our future business. The Holset turbocharger is an intrinsic part of the modern diesel engine, delivering efficient combustion and high levels of power density reliably--mile after mile, hour after hour. We are clearly focused on the heavy-duty turbo-charger market, thereby committing our engineering resources to the specific product requirements of this key market sector.
With our continued investment in technology, people and facilities, the future of Holset has never looked so bright. We will continue to bring you integrated air handling solutions to the demanding requirements of tomorrow's medium and heavy duty diesel engines, and beyond .We pride ourselves on our industry-leading standards of customer care. Our worldwide aftersales activities are operated through a separate division known as Holset Service.
Wherever you are in the world we will provide you with a comprehensive range of replacement turbochargers and spare parts. Our service and distribution centers in the UK, Holland, Brazil and the USA supply 170 distributors in 70 countries, and are supported by the latest integrated computer systems for planning and controlling inventory. The network's technical capability and impressively fast response ensures the maximum up-time to keep our turbos and your engines running and running.
Holset recognizes the link between a skilled, trained and motivated workforce and the company's overall performance. In all areas of our activity--new products, manufacturing systems, technology, customer service and even our local communities--it is Holset people who make the difference. In encouraging these attitudes, Holset people can expect 5% of their time with the company to be spent on training. We provide the best working conditions, buildings and facilities.
Our system of team-based working is designed to bring out the best in our people in whose minds and hands the next generation of turbocharger technology will ultimately take shape. Holset has a proven track record in delivering outstanding technology solutions and bringing innovation to the turbocharger place. Our turbocharger specialists pursue an in-depth understanding of the fundamental elements that combine to produce world class turbochargers.
This expertise coupled with our comprehensive design criteria and development resources combine to create definitive turbocharger solutions. Since 1973 Holset has been owned by Cummins Inc. of Indiana USA, the world's largest producer of heavy-duty diesel engines. Backed by the resources of Cummins Inc. Holset turbochargers can invest in technology, people and facilities to bring turbocharger technology to the market place.
To support the growing Chinese market, in February 1996 Wuxi Holset was established. This is a joint venture between HOlset Turbochargers and Wuxi Power Engineering Co. Ltd. Wuxi Holset enjoys a leading position in MR turbos in the Chinese turbocharger market and serve an extensive customer base including leading Chinese truck manufacturers. They also have a strong and growing presence in the aftermarket.
Holset Turbochargers aim to improve the quality of life in local communities through donations, supporting activities of our employees, business/community partnerships and practices that encourage and support our employees in contributing their time and resources to this end. Our world-wide sites achieve this through community action committees representative of the entire workforce.
Today, I'm very pleased to have the opportunity to visit this historic and prestigious university, and to give a speech. Looking back over the past one hundred years, there have been tremendous developments and changes in the political, economic, social and legal spheres that were appropriate to the individual characteristics of our respective countries. After 20 years of reform, China has undergone a world of changes.
Today, I'd like to focus on the development of our legal system and our judicial reform. The rule of law in China has been developed in accordance with the individual characteristics of China. For over 20 years, in order to safeguard and facilitate reform and modernization, we have carried out political reforms along with economic reforms. We have also been working on our democratic legal system.
The People's Congress is the comer stone of the political system in China. The state administrative, judicial and procuratory organs at all levels are appointed by the Congress and accountable to it. This system suits China. It is the correct choice made by the Chinese people. At the second plenary session of the Ninth People's Congress, we approved the revised constitution. The rule of law, to develop a socialist country ruled by the law, has been written into the constitution as our basic strategy.
That was a milestone in the development of our legal system. It demonstrates China's commitment to the rule of law and its unequivocal attitude. It the past 20 years, we have achieved much in legislation. The National People's Congress and its Standing Committee have instigated 370 laws and decisions about the law. The central government formulated more than 800 national level administrative regulations. The local People's Congresses formulated over 7,000 bylaws and regulations.
In order to develop the socialist market economy, China has instigated Corporation Law, Guarantee Law, Negotiable Instruments Law, Securities Law, Contract Law and Sole Proprietor Enterprise Law. In order to develop socialist democratic politics, and to protect the lawful interests of citizens, we have revised the Criminal Law, Criminal Prosecution Law and the Law of the Organization of Village Councils. At the same time, we have instigated Administrative Reconsideration Law.
The Supreme People's Court has promulgated many judicial interpretations of procedural matters in prosecution. The formulation and implementation of the system is a major achievement in the reform of the judicial system in China. Generally speaking, we now have the initial framework of a socialist legal system based on our constitution. In accordance with the strategy of ruling the country by law, China is confident that it will have a socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics by 2010.
China is a country of several legal traditions. After the return of Hong Kong and Macao, China successfully implemented the policy of "One Country, Two Systems". The Inland China uses the socialist system. Hong Kong and Macao continue with their previous social and economic systems, maintaining their way of life. Furthermore, there has been very little change to their legal systems. This has created a unique entity unseen anywhere else in the world.
To avoid clashes between legal systems, China has instigated, in conjunction with Hong King and Macao, a set of regulations aimed at resolving legal conflicts arising from different legal traditions. This has improved judicial communication and coordination across legal boundaries. It has also facilitated the implementation of the principles of "One Country, Two Systems", "Hong Kong Ruled by Hong Kong People" and "Macao Ruled by Macao People".
单元21 梅森律师事务所 (英音)
Welcome to Aylesbury Street. We are delighted to have the opportunity to talk to you this morning regarding some of the practical legal issues that we have come across on rail projects. We hope that this session can stimulate some useful discussions which we can continue over lunch, to which we have invited a number of our railway industry associates from differing businesses and organizations.
Masons and Rail. As a leading international construction and engineering law firm, Masons has a long and active involvement in providing advice to and working with members of the railway industry. Projects with which we have been associated include Hong Kong. We have provided advice to KCRC over many years, including advice on the development of the light rail scheme in the New Territories.
Channel Tunnel. We acted as advisor to the TML consortium regarding a wide range of issues arising from the construction of what is probably the greatest European civil engineering project of the last century. Malaysia. We have acted for the sponsors of the Kuala Lumpur light rails stem and associated infrastructure. Singapore. We worked with the contractor for the MRT system. Sough Africa. We are currently working with the government of the Gauteng/Johannesburg province in relation to the procurement of a new rail network using private-public partnership methods.
UK. We are perhaps the pre-eminent law firm in the light rail sector, having acted for the concession company on the Arrow Light Rail project in Nottingham in the Midlands, which is the first such scheme to reach financial close under the UK government's "private finance initiative", and we are currently active on the four other light rail schemes that have gone out to bidders.
Masons lawyers were involved in advising contractors on the major Jubilee Line Extension of London Underground, and we are currently advising on aspects of the LUL PPP scheme. Europe. Europe. Masons has worked on projects throughout Europe. We have acted for bankers in relation to the Barcelona metro, provided advice on private rail franchises in Scandinavia and are currently acting for the Irish governments' Railway Procurement Agency in the procurement of a metro system for Dublin.
Rail opportunities: As I am sure you are aware, these are very exciting times for those of us who work on rail projects. For example, in United Kingdom, the government has announced that it proposes to invest ￡6 billion in the rail sector over the next 10 years. In many countries, much of the infrastructure that is being used dates back to the end of the nineteenth and early twentieth century and needs replacing.
There are many projects under way at present in the United Kingdom and further field to up-date out-dated technology in the field of signaling and control systems, track geometry, rolling stock and so on. In the wider context, the demand to reduce the harmful environmental effects of private vehicle use is leading to demands for a "modal shift" to public transportation, and we are seeing increasing numbers of schemes being drawn up for light rail systems, tramways, guided buses and metros.
Rail challenges: From both a technological and legal perspective, rail projects can produce bigger challenges than almost any other type of infrastructure projects. The next hour or so, my partner Jon Hart will be speaking about particular issues that they see as fundamental, including funding and financing aspects of rail projects as well as design, construction and some operational issues. There will also be time for questions.