为了让学生们在开始工作之前就对口译的几大应用领域都有接近实际的经 历，知道需要如何准备，如何应付，本教材36个练习单元的内容全部采用政府政策宣传讲话，高级官员对外讲话，中国和英国的招商推介，以及英、美大公司的介 绍。这些都是实际口译工作中需求增长最快、最需要专业技能的领域。
（英）林超伦， 自1995年以来，林超伦先生一直担任英国女王、首相和议会上下两院领导人与中国高层领导人的会谈口译。他曾于1998年和2003年两次陪同布莱尔首相 访华，并且以英国政府译员的身份，参加接待了近年来所有访问英国的中国领导人。英国主要对华组织英中贸易协会、英国文化委员会、英中友好协会以及英国著名 的公司和组织也多次聘请他担任重大活动的口译。 林超伦先生还负责英国首相府和外交部的文件翻译，并经常为各大公司翻译宣传资料、广告及品牌、法律和技术文件。林超伦先生以其优秀的翻译质量和丰富的口译 经验在口译界享有良好的声誉。
I'm delighted to have the opportunity today to be here with you and to talk about economic and trade relationships I'd like to tell you about the economic development in Guangdong, and our strategy and plans for the future. I hope this will help you to understand Guangdong better.
Guangdong is at the southern end of China, covering an area of 178,000 square kilometers, with a population of over 77 million. We are next to the South China Sea, close to Hong Kong and Macao SARs, with a large population of overseas Chinese. We have an abundant supply of talents, excellent external communications and a long history in foreign trade. Our contact with the outside world is multi-leveled and multi-dimensional.
After 20 years of reform and opening up, Guangdong has developed from a relatively backward border province, to one of the most developed economies in China. Our GPD grew from 18.5 billion yuan in 1978 to 1055 billion yuan in 2001, a 57-fold increase. Our tax revenue increased by over 15 folds, consumption 39.6 times, savings 428.8 times, savings 428.8 times.
By the end of 2..1, we had invested over 40 billion yuan in the urban infrastructure. Our water supply capacity was more than 2.37 million cubic meters per day. There were 868.94 kilometers of new roads in the city and 135 new bridges. Our gas utilization had reached 93.93%. Our green coverage was 33.73%. Guangzhou has been awarded the title of "International Garden City" by the International Garden Association.
Guangdong has come a long way in its infrastructure development. It's number one in China in highways, motorways, passenger and cargo transport. In 2001, we invested 27 billion yuan in our transport system, developed many roads, routes, stations, ports and docks. We have 51 class-one ports and 99 class-two ports.
In terms of foreign trade, our total exports in 2001 stood at 176.495 billion US dollars. We have seen steady growth in our traditional export market, and initial results in our newly developed markets. Our exports to the US, EU and Japan have been increasing steadily. Our exports to Africa, ASEAN, India and Russia have been growing even faster.
Guangdong takes environmental protection very seriously. In 2001, we invested in the project of "three concurrencies". The rate of implementation has been 97.8%. 99.8% of the development projects have done their environmental impact assessment as required. 5 counties of the province have been included in a pilot project to establish National Ecological Demonstration Areas. The quantitative assessment of the integrated improvement of urban environments has now been extended to cover 52 municipalities.
Guangdong has decided on its blueprint for reform and development in the new century. The core components are the strategy of an externally driven economy, science and education led, and sustainable development. The strategy will be embodied mainly in the priority given to science and technology, and to education. We need to attract a large number of technical and other types of talents to Guangdong, to integrate technology and production, to make hi-tech and new-tech industry the priority area of growth in our economy development.
It all began in the garage and a pie shop. In 1939, Stanford University classmates Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard founded HP. The company's first product, built in a Palo Alto garage, was an audio oscillator--an electronic test instrument used y sound engineers. One of HP's first customers was Walt Disney Studios, which purchased eight oscillators to develop and test an innovative sound system for the movie, "Fantasia". Compaq Computer Corporation was formed after a 1982 meeting in a Houston, Texas, pie shop.
Together, employees in the new HP share a passion for customer, an intense focus on teamwork, speed and agility, and a commitment to trust and respect for all individuals. Today, HP is a leading global provider of products, technologies, solutions and services to consumers and business. The company's offerings span IT infrastructure, personal computing and access devices, global services, and imaging and printing.
Our $4 billion annual research and development investment fuels the invention of products, solutions and new technologies so we can better serve customers and enter new markets. We invent, engineer and deliver technology solutions that drive business value, create social value and improve the lives of our customers. Since our first year in business in 1939, HP has given back to the communities in which we do business, in the form of philanthropic donations of technology, money and time.
While the scale and reach of our business has changed during the past 60 years, our commitment hasn't. The challenge is to continue to shape the impact of corporations as a constructive force, using our heritage and our actions as tools for doing so. Today, we're employing new models of engagement and new business and technology solutions to enable more people to participate in the world economy, via information technology.
HP has four core business groups. Enterprise Systems Group. ESG focuses on providing the key technology components of enterprise IT infrastructure to enhance business agility, including enterprise storage, servers, management software and a variety of solutions. Imaging and Printing Group. HP is the leading provider of printing and imaging solutions for both business and consumers.
IPG includes printer hardware, all-in-ones, digital imaging devices such as cameras and scanners, and associated supplies and accessories. It also is expanding into the commercial printing market. HP Services. HP Services is a premier global IT services team. It offers guidance, know-how and a comprehensive portfolio of services to help customers realize measurable business value from their IT investment.
Personal System Group. PSG focuses on providing simple, reliable and affordable personal-computing solutions and devices for home and business use, including desktop and notebook PCs, workstations, thin clients, smart handhelds and personal devices. In addition to the four business groups, HP Labs provides a central research function for the company. HP Labs is focused on inventing new technologies that change markets and create business opportunities.
The May 2002 merger of Hewlett-Packard and Compaq Computer Corporation forged a dynamic, powerful team of 140,000 employees with capabilities in 160 countries and doing business in 43 currencies and 15 languages. Revenues for the combined companies were $72 billion for the fiscal year that ended October 31, 2002. Chairman and CEO Carly Fiorina leads HP, which has corporate headquarters in Palo Alto, California.
Firstly, I'd like to give you a general introduction to Fujian. Then, I'll talk about the main activities of our future plans. Fujian is one of the priority development areas of China. It is along the southeast coast of China, bordering Zhejiang, Jiangxi, and Guangdong. It faces Taiwan across the sea. It is one of the closest provinces to Southeast Asia.
Fujian is an important gateway between China and the rest of the world. Fujian has a mild and humid climate. Temperatures average 17-21 degrees centigrade. The average rainfall is 1,400--2,000mm. Fujian covers an area of 120,140 square kilometers. It has 22 deep ports where ten-thousand-ton docks can be built.
In the year 2000, Fujian's population stood at 34.7 million. Fujian is well-known as the home for overseas Chinese. It is also the ancestor land for people in Taiwan. More than 8 million overseas Chinese as well as 80% of the people in Taiwan can trace their roots back to Fujian. Fujian has a long coastline of more than 3,300 kilometers with over 1,400 islands both large and small.
The East China Sea and the South China Sea converge off the coast of Fujian, a subtropical zone with rich fishing resources. 125,000 square kilometers of sea are suitable for fishing. 2,700 square kilometers of sea are suitable for seafood farming. There are over 500 species of fish. Fujian is one of the main fishing areas in China.
Fujian has very rich underground water resources. There are over 100 hot springs. Most hold warm water at between 40-60 degrees centigrade. Fujian has one of the four largest forests in China, with over 6 million hectares of forest and nearly 400 million cubic meters of timber reserve. Its timber output is number 3 in China. Its forest coverage is 52.4%, number one in China.
Between 1978 and 1998, there was fundamental change in Fujian's economy and social development. Its economic strength improved substantially. GDP rose from number 23 in 1978 to number 11 now. Per capita GDP rose from number 22 to number 6.
The people in both urban and rural areas have seen their incomes increase and their standards of living improve. Fujian is opening up deeper and wider to the outside world. It has special economic zones, open cities along the coast, economic and technological development zones, investment zones for Taiwanese business, tax exemption zones and hi-tech parks. This is truly multi-level and multi-dimensional development.
We have developed a market economy in line with international practices. To enable Fujian to benefit fully, and to attract foreign investment, the Chinese government holds China's only inward investment and trade fair in Xiamen, Fujian Province.