为了让学生们在开始工作之前就对口译的几大应用领域都有接近实际的经 历，知道需要如何准备，如何应付，本教材36个练习单元的内容全部采用政府政策宣传讲话，高级官员对外讲话，中国和英国的招商推介，以及英、美大公司的介 绍。这些都是实际口译工作中需求增长最快、最需要专业技能的领域。
（英）林超伦， 自1995年以来，林超伦先生一直担任英国女王、首相和议会上下两院领导人与中国高层领导人的会谈口译。他曾于1998年和2003年两次陪同布莱尔首相 访华，并且以英国政府译员的身份，参加接待了近年来所有访问英国的中国领导人。英国主要对华组织英中贸易协会、英国文化委员会、英中友好协会以及英国著名 的公司和组织也多次聘请他担任重大活动的口译。 林超伦先生还负责英国首相府和外交部的文件翻译，并经常为各大公司翻译宣传资料、广告及品牌、法律和技术文件。林超伦先生以其优秀的翻译质量和丰富的口译 经验在口译界享有良好的声誉。
Jiangxi is in the southeast of China with Fujian to the east, Guangdong to the south, Hunan to the west and Zhejiang, Anhui and Hubei to the north. Jiangxi covers an area of 166,900 square kilometers with a population of 41.398 million. We have a mild climate, plenty of rainfall, and an excellent eco-environment. 59.7% of our land is covered by forests. We are among the best regions in China.
Jiangxi has rich natural resources. There are over 4,000 species of seed plants, over 600 species of vertebrates, more than 140 mineral ores and over 100 hot springs. Underground water exploitation averages 6.8 billion cubic meters a year. We potentially have 6.1 million kilowatts of hydroelectric power to be exploited. We generate 21.561 billion kilowatt-hour of electricity. There are over 2,400 rivers in Jiangxi.
Our economy has maintained good growth. In 2001, our GDP was 217.6 billion yuan. In agriculture, we have crops, edible oil, vegetables, pigs, oranges and fresh water fish. We are an important agricultural province in China. We have automobile, mechanical, electronic, chemical, metallurgical and construction material industries as well as food processing, textile and pharmaceutical capabilities. Some of our industrial products are either close to, or already among the best in China.
Jiangxi continues to boost its investment in hydroelectric power, energy, transport and telecommunications infrastructure. We have completed a large number of "backbone projects", substantially improving our infrastructure. The Jingjiu Railway that was opened in 1996 runs through 26 counties, cities and regions in Jiangxi. It extends more than 700 kilometers throughout our province. Jiangxi has several motorways as well as 4 civil aviation airports.
We are driving forward our strategy of "Developing Jiangxi with Science and Education" and increasing our investment in education year by year. There are now 32 institutions of higher education with 196,455 undergraduates, 151,036 junior vocational school students, and over 10,307 senior vocational school students. Our cultural sector is developing healthily. We have 78 performing arts groups, 113 cultural centers, 104 public libraries, 81 museums, and 12 television channels.
In terms of economy and trade, the consumption market remains steady and good. Retail is worth a total of 76.33 billion yuan a year. The total value of imports and exports stands at 1.53 billion US dollars. There are 2,284 companies of the "three types" and 169 foreign investment companies. The total investment utilized stands at 540 million US dollars.
We are much more aware of environmental protection and are doing more in this area. We have made considerable progress. There are now 69 smoke and dust control areas covering 419 square kilometers. There are 51 areas where noise has been reduced to the required level, benefiting a total area of 237 square kilometers. We have 13 nationally approved ecological demonstration areas, 57 nature reserves, of which 3 are national level ones.
People's welfare and social security. Our population has been growing very slowly. The income of residents in urban areas continues to rise, averaging 5,506 yuan a year. The income of the rural population averages 2.231 yuan a year. We have largely stable employment and reemployment. We have made considerable progress in our social welfare development. We welcome you to Jiangxi to invest, to set up factories and to develop your business.
单元35 Interpublic集团 (美音)
Interpublic is more than a company; it's a concept--a group of commonly owned but autonomous advertising and communications services enterprises. They include such industry leaders as McCann Erickson World group, FCB Group, a new global marketing resource called The Partnership, and the Advanced Marketing Services Group. Interpublic is a truly global company in a fast-moving global economy, prepared to serve its multi-national clients as well as regional and local businesses in markets everywhere.
Interpublic values its nearly 60,000 employees, who work for Interpublic agencies in approximately 130 countries. They are responsible for anticipating and satisfying client needs--and, hence, for Interpublic's success. Interpublic's stock trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol IPG. The beginning of the Interpublic Group of Companies dates to the turn of the twentieth century, with the birth of the Alfred W. Erickso Agency in 1902 and the H.K. McCann Company in 1911.
In 1930, the two agencies merged to form McCann-Erickson, the genesis of an advertising powerhouse that would later encompass a myriad of agencies and reach around the globe. Interpublic joined the New York Stock Exchange in 1971. In the decades since, we have carefully added building block after building block to our organization, offering clients the strength and consolidated resources of a major holding company and the personal attention and individual creativity of the agencies and communications specialists that comprise its family.
Center for Marketing Intelligence. Today's Center for Marketing Intelligence (CMI) is a unique research entity that provides the Interpublic Group companies with fast, accurate and complete information about the U.S. market. CMI's research covers a broad spectrum of product and service categories and advertising and marketing subjects. CMI has extensive resources to develop its vital research.
CMI's 20-person staff responds to individual company requests for analysis of markets and trends to assist in gaining new business and servicing existing clients. CMI briefings to clients of Interpublic Group companies encompass category trends, brand shares and trends analysis, brand positions and advertising, new products and outlooks. CMI will also take on special assignments for Interpublic Group companies, including workshops and seminars on special topics.
Strategic Ventures Group. The Interpublic Group of Companies is committed to a consistent mission: helping clients build brands and businesses and strengthening relationships with customers via its range of advertising, marketing and communications services. The Strategic Ventures Group is committed to connecting strategic resources to our clients. We've established close relationships with many of the innovative leaders within our companies who champion new ideas.
We also have enhanced our due diligence process to ensure our partners are meaningfully aligned and connected with our companies and clients. To optimize our process, we monitor and respond to our companies' ability to deliver robust marketing and communications services. No matter how the services and technologies evolve, Interpublic remains dedicated to staying ahead of the curve--providing superior capabilities, tools and solutions required by clients around the globe.
Year after year, no other organizations serve as many marketers, selling so many diverse products and services in so many parts of the world, as do the agencies and companies of the Interpublic Group. Interpublic is growing in new ways, too, adding an array of specialized resources to help our agencies and their clients meet increasingly complex communications challenges. In just over 30 years, the Interpublic Group has watched its gross income and profits rise over 1,100 percent.
I'm very pleased to be here with you. First, let me give you an introduction to Yunnan Province. I'll then talk about the main areas for future development. Yunnan is in the southwest of China and is one of the provinces designated for development by the policy for the development of the West. It covers an area of 390,000 square kilometers with the Euro-Asian continent to the north, Vietnam, Laos, and Burma to the south.
Yunnan has borders of over 4,000 kilometers. There are 20 ports and over 90 channels linking us with the outside world. Yunnan is becoming an important land route linking China with South Asia and Southeast Asia. Yunnan is home to many nationalities. The population of just under 43 million includes 26 nationalities. Yunnan was the cradle of ancient civilizations. We have a very colorful cultural heritage.
Yunnan has some of the richest resources in China, with more than 10,000 species of plants and the same again for insects. We have more than 1,700 species of vertebrates and large quantities of a whole range of mineral deposits. We have water reserves of 222.2 billion cubic meters, with a hydroelectric power capacity of over 90 million kilowatts. We are known as the Kingdom of Plants, Kingdom of Animals, and Gene Bank.
After 23 years of reform and opening up our market, our GDP has been growing at more than 9% a year. Our output of phosphoric fertilizers and phosphorus ore is number one in China. Our sugar cane and rubber are number two. Our tea, number three, and our non-ferrous metals number two.
With rich natural resources and a unique heritage, tourism in Yunnan is prospering. It has become one of the pillar industries in Yunnan. In 2001, there were more than 1.1 million person-visits from abroad and 45.7 million person-visits from within China. The income from tourism was over 21 billion yuan.
Yunnan has established trading and friendly relationships with over 110 countries and regions around the world. There are over 660 companies and research organizations with import and export licenses. 15 products each brought in more than 10 million US dollars from exports. The main export earners are tin, aluminum, lead, zinc, steal, and tea. Our total exports amounted to 1.99 billion US dollars.
Yunnan established friendly and trading relationship with your country in as early as 1959. Between 1996 and 2001, bilateral trade amounted to 233 million US dollars. The UK has 19 investment projects in Yunnan with a total investment of 95.9 million US dollars. When Her Majesty the Queen Elisabeth the Second visited China in 1986, she successfully visited Yunnan. Your Secretary of State for Trade and Industry, His Excellency Stephen Byers, and your Ambassador to China, Sir Anthony Galsworthy led a delegation to the Kunming Expo in 1999.
In the process of developing a free trade zone between China and the ASEAN, Yunnan will be among the first to introduce free investment and trade. We are fully implementing the strategy to develop the West. Yunnan has launched many major projects. The need for more investment is increasing fast. This will create new opportunities in several areas for our friends at home and abroad.