31. sb. pays some money for sth.
Eg. Jim paid 1000 yuan for the bike.
32. begin/start with sth. 开始做某事
Eg. The started the meeting with a song.
33. be going to do sth. 打算做某事
Eg. We are going to study in Japan.
34. call A B叫A B
Eg. They called the village Gumtree.
35. thank sb. for sth./doing sth.
Eg. Thank you for your help.
Thank you for helping me.
36. What ……for? 为什么
Eg. What do you learn English for?
37. How/ what about doing sth.?
Eg. How about going fishing?
38. S +be+ the+最高级+of/in短语=
Eg. Lucy is the tallest in her class.
39. S + be +比较级+than any other + n.
Eg. Lucy is taller than any other student in her class.
40. have to do sth.不得不做某事
Eg. I have to go home now.