初中英语冠词的误用和辨析

作者:admin

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2012-2-13 17:33

1.中文:她在弹钢琴。

(误)She was playing piano.

(正)She was playing the piano.(演奏乐器,如piano,violin,乐器前面要加定冠词the。)

2.中文:孩子们每天早上去上学。

(误)The children go to the school every morning.

(正)The children go to school every morning.(go to school是习惯用语,不加the。)

3.中文:她有一头秀发。

(误)She has a beautiful hair.

(正)She has beautiful hair.(hair指头发的整体,是不可数名词,前面不加a。)

4.中文:她喜欢看电视。

(误)She likes to watch the TV.

(正)She likes to watch TV.(看电视,习惯上TV前不加the。)

5.中文:她在房间里听广播。

(误)She was listening to radio in the room.

(正)She was listening to the radio in the room.(听广播,习惯上radio前面加the。)

6.中文:尼罗河是埃及最长的河。

(误)Nile River is the longest river in Egypt.

(正)The Nile River is the longest river in Egypt.(在河流,山脉等名称前要用定冠词。)

7.中文:天气不错。

(误)It's a nice weather.

(正)It is nice weather.(weather是不可数名词,前面不加a。)

8.中文:下星期再见。

(误)See you again the next week.

(正)See you again next week.(next week表示将来;the next week表示过去。)

9.中文:历史是很有趣的学科。

(误)The history is a very interesting subject.

(正)History is a very interesting subject.(学科前一般不加冠词。)

10.中文:他乘火车来这里。

(误)He came here by a train.

(正)He came here by train.(by后接交通工具,中间不加冠词。)

11.中文:今晚你可以看到满月。

(误)You may see the full moon tonight.

(正)You may see a full moon tonight.(月亮,太阳等独一无二的物体,当有形容词修饰时可加a。)

12.中文:她刚才去了保罗街。

(误)She went to the Paul Street just now.

(正)She went to Paul Street just now.(街道名称前一般不加the。)

13.中文:连孩子都会做它。

(误)Even child can do it.

(正)Even a child can do it.(不定冠词+单数名词表示某类人或物。)