著名景区英文介绍:意大利米兰大教堂

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2015-4-29 11:34

著名景区英文介绍:意大利米兰大教堂

米兰大教堂(Milan Cathedral),意大利著名的天主教堂,又称“杜莫主教堂“、多魔大教堂、朵摸教堂,位于意大利米兰市,是世界五大教堂之一,规模居世界第二。米兰位于阿尔卑斯山南麓奥隆那河畔,是一座历史悠久的古老名城,是意大利的第二大城市。米兰大教堂的建造历经五个世纪才完工,德国、法国、 意大利等国建筑师先后参与主教堂设计,汇集了多种民族的建筑艺术风格,德意志风格影响尤为显著。该大教堂的建筑风格包含了哥特式,新古典式,和新哥特式又称巴洛克式。米兰大教堂整个外观极尽华美,主教堂用白色大理石砌成,是欧洲最大的大理石建筑之一。整个建筑呈拉丁十字形,长度大于宽度。它于公元1386年开工建造,1500年完成拱顶,1774年中央塔上的镀金圣母玛丽亚雕像就位,1897年最后完工,历时五个世纪。拿破仑曾于1805年在米兰大教堂举行加冕仪式。

Milan Cathedral (Italian: Duomo di Milano; Lombard: Domm de Milan) is the cathedral church of Milan, Italy. Dedicated to St Mary of the Nativity (Santa Maria Nascente), it is the seat of the Archbishop of Milan, currently Cardinal Angelo Scola. The Gothic cathedral took nearly five centuries to complete. It is the 5th-largest church in the world and the largest in Italy.

The plan consists of a nave with four side-aisles, crossed by a transept and then followed by choir and apse. The height of the nave is about 45 meters, the highest Gothic vaults of a complete church (less than the 48 meters of Beauvais Cathedral, which was never completed).

The roof is open to tourists (for a fee), which allows many a close-up view of some spectacular sculpture that would otherwise be unappreciated. The roof of the cathedral is renowned for the forest of openwork pinnacles and spires, set upon delicate flying buttresses.



The cathedral's five broad naves, divided by 40 pillars, are reflected in the hierarchic openings of the façade. Even the transepts have aisles. The nave columns are 24.5 metres (80 ft) high, and the apsidal windows are 20.7 x 8.5 metres (68 x 28 feet). The huge building is of brick construction, faced with marble from the quarries which Gian Galeazzo Visconti donated in perpetuity to the cathedral chapter. Its maintenance and repairs are very complicated.