著名景区英文介绍:威廉斯堡

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2015-5-21 09:43

威廉斯堡简介:
位于美国弗吉尼亚州东部的威廉斯堡,是美国的一座著名历史名城和旅游胜地。威廉斯堡原名为Bushwick Shore, 始建于1661年。至140年后, 为纪念一个著名的工兵 Colonel Jonathan Williams, 该地被重新命名为Williamsburgh。但第一任市长上任后将“h“去掉,成为如今的Williamsburg。在1699年就成为当时全美13个殖民地(即独立后最初13个州)中最富裕发达的弗吉尼亚的首府,同波士顿、纽约和费城并列为当时全美的政治、社会和文化中心。

Williamsburg is an independent city in the U.S. state of Virginia. As of the 2012 census, the population was 15,167.

Located on the Virginia Peninsula, Williamsburg is in the northern part of the Hampton Roads metropolitan area. It is bordered by James City County and York County.

Williamsburg was founded in 1632 as Middle Plantation as a fortified settlement on high ground between the James and York rivers. The city served as the capital of the Colony of Virginia from 1699 to 1780 and was the center of political events in Virginia leading to the American Revolution. The College of William & Mary, established in 1693, is the second-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and the only one of the nine colonial colleges located in the South; its alumni include three U.S. presidents as well as many other important figures in the nation's early history.

The city's tourism-based economy is driven by Colonial Williamsburg, the restored Historic Area of the city. Along with nearby Jamestown and Yorktown, Williamsburg forms part of the Historic Triangle, which attracts more than four million tourists each year. Modern Williamsburg is also a college town, inhabited in large part by William & Mary students and staff.