Kovcheg Village began back in 2001 when four families leased a 297 acres (120 hectares) plot of land from the government for a period of 49 years, free of charge.
It's situated some 87 miles (140 km) southwest of Moscow, in the Kaluga region.
Each home is given a surface area of one hectare (2.5 acre) to grow their food and which is more than enough to even produce surplus.
About 40 families (120 people) live in Kovcheg full time and a total of 80 (200 people) during summer.
Some 15 children have already been born in the community and others are on the way.
The founder of this eco-village was a successful business man from Moscow, who for the sake of his child's health and happiness, moved far away from the city.
Today he is a beekeeper and gardener. Among the other residents, we can also find a former wrestler, a former German fashion model, a former parliamentary hopeful, and a former opera singer.
Besides following an eco-friendly lifestyle they also take care of the surrounding forests by cleaning the slash, removing diseased trees and planting new ones.
The also stop illegal lumbering in the area and operate their own sawmill and woodworking shop.
2.Konohana Family, Japan
In 1994, 20 members founded Kanohana Family. It's located at the foot of Japan's Mount Fuji and is home to over 80 individuals; 25 of which being children.
The name "Konohana" comes from the goddess of the mountain, "Konohana Sakuyahime no Mikoto" who was once believed to inhabit Mt. Fiji.
The community has a very tightly knit lifestyle and collective economy, sharing meals, quarters and finances.
This way they are able to reduce their ecological footprint down to a third of that of an average Japanese and one sixth of an average American.
In other words and by following the same measurements, they are a 0.8 when the rest of Japan is at 2.4 and USA at 4.8.
换言之，按同样测定方法，他们的人均生态足迹为0.8 gha（世界公顷），而日本其他地区为人均2.4 gha，美国则为人均4.8 gha。
Here, one is equal to 100% of the planet's bio-capacity. Or to help you understand even better; if everybody lived like the average Japanese person, we would need about 2.4 Earths to sustain our way of life. The world average today is about 1.6 by the way.
On the other hand, North Korea and Cuba both score also a 0.8 on this scale, but unlike these countries, the Konohana Family lives a life of plenty and abundance, in perfect harmony and equilibrium with nature.
On their 16 hectare (40 acre) plot of land, they cultivate over 260 types of vegetables and grains, 10 types of rice, free-range eggs, pure honey, and miso (fermented soy paste), soy-sauce, and other processed food, produced with traditional methods. The only things they buy from the store are: sugar, salt and some other spices.
They also use "Konohana-kin" (Konohana-microorganisms), an original cultured microorganism solution.
This substance is used everywhere: in their livestock feed and water, for the fermentation process of natural fertilizers, and especially as a lacto-bacillus beverage good their health and general well-being.
1.Earthships, United States
Michael Reynolds is a famous architect who, for the last 45 years, has been developing the perfect model for a house. In his mind, a home should take care of its owners and not the other way around.
Today his model is being used in many parts of the globe, but this couldn't have been possible if he didn't spent so many years in the New Mexico desert, constantly improving his designs.
To start off, all of his dwellings are made out of at least 45% recycled materials –giving the Earthship a negative carbon footprint right from the start.
The rest are found in the immediate vicinity of the building (lowering the CO2 emissions to a minimum).
Most of these buildings are completely independent from all municipal utilities and are able to produce everything for their inhabitants.
They even enhance the soil around them thanks to the botanical cells which contain, treat and reuse sewage via biological processes resulting in greenery all around the house.
And that's not all! The Earthship house is able to harness its own electricity and fresh water, not to mention to regulate the temperature inside depending on the weather and even to produce a significant amount of food.
Michael Reynolds realized early on that the way we live our lives is nowhere near to sustainability and when push came to shove, eco living will become extremely expensive for the average person.
That's why he embarked on this road and made it his life's mission to design and create the truly self-sufficient house for everyone.