2015-7-6 10:27



1、Chiloé, Chile 智利 奇洛埃

The Chiloé archipelago's pristine seascape (pictured in this 1998 photo) is one reason the islands tied for third place in a new ranking of the world's best kept island destinations—and quite a few that are succumbing to tourism overkill.

2、Shetland Islands, Scotland, U.K. 英国苏格兰 设得兰群岛

A lighthouse by the Eshaness Cliffs is shown in this undated picture of the Shetland Islands, which tied with two other destinations for third place among 111 islands rated on their preservation record and forecast.
最新图片中显示了设得兰群岛的爱莎奈斯悬崖(Eshaness Cliffs )的一个灯塔,此岛与另外两处凭借其保存完好风光和预示在111个岛屿中名列三甲。

As one of the 522 expert judges said in the November/December 2007 issue of National Geographic Traveler magazine, the islands have "spectacular sea cliffs; pristine beaches; fascinating geology; over a million breeding seabirds; the highest density of otters in Europe; regular sightings of killer whales; and superb displays of rare sub-Arctic flora."

About 130 miles (210 kilometers) north of mainland Scotland, the islands were applauded for the preservation of both heritage and ecology, despite nearby oil developments.

"A unique blend of Scotland and Nordic culture," wrote another expert. "Somewhat remote, the Shetlands have protected the environment and continue to attract tourists and maintain other sectors (fishing and oil) in harmony."

3、Lofoten, Norway 挪威 罗浮敦岛

The Lofoten island group—including the town of Reine (pictured)— tied with two other destinations for third place among 111 islands rated on their record of sustainable environmental and cultural practices.

"The weather is often rotten, but the beauty of the sea, rocks, and houses is awe-inspiring," said one of the 522 experts judging the islands.

The rankings were listed in National Geographic Traveler magazine's November/December issue in 2007.

Like many of the list's top-scoring islands, the Lofoten archipelago in the Norwegian Sea has avoided excessive tourism partly because its nippy climate doesn't draw the beach-party set. Lofoten won praise for its "deep, placid fjords," and "jagged, rocky peaks."

Still, "cruising tourism is a threat," cautioned another expert ranker.

4、Azores, Portugal 葡萄牙 亚述尔群岛

These islands—including Flores (pictured)—lie about 1,000 miles (1,600 kilometers) west of continental Portugal.

The Azores are home to green volcanic mountains and picturesque towns—attributes noted by one of 522 experts who helped judge 111 islands for National Geographic Traveler magazine.

The archipelago was ranked second because the Azore's strong culture and healthy ecosystems are likely to last, especially since the islands' "capricious climate probably impedes the flow of tourists," according to another expert participating in the ranking.

Early signs of inappropriate development, however, were a concern.

5、Faroe Islands, Denmark 丹麦 法罗群岛

Part of Denmark, this self-governing North Atlantic archipelago is home to a population one expert called "unified and resolutely Faroese, not Danish."

"Cultural integrity strong," agreed another expert judge, who added caution to the praise: "If the numbers of cruise ships continue to grow rapidly, there may be problems. ... "

Despite such concern, the Faroe Islands were voted the most "authentic, unspoiled, and likely to remain so" of 111 islands ranked by volunteer expert judges for the November/December 2007 issue of National Geographic Traveler magazine.

A cool climate and remote location have kept many tourists away, leaving "lovely, unspoiled islands" that are "a delight to the traveler."