【整理】VOA 2013-06-20 奥巴马呼吁世界无核化



2013-7-9 10:50

【整理】VOA 2013-06-20 奥巴马呼吁世界无核化


From Washington, this is VOA NEWS.

President Obama calls for a world free of nuclear weapons. Afghanistan cancels security talks with the United States. I'm Ray Kugel reporting from Washington.

President Obama set forth his vision for advancing toward a world free of nuclear weapons in a speech Wednesday at the historic Brandenburg Gate in Berlin. Mr.Obama said he will seek to reduce deployed nuclear weapons by up to a third and renew talks with Russia to, in his words, move beyond Cold War nuclear postures.

Peace with justice means pursuing the security of a world without nuclear weapons no matter how distant that dream may be, and so, as president, I've strengthened our efforts to stop the spread of nuclear weapons and reduced the number and role of America's nuclear weapons. Because of the new start treaty, we are on track to cut. American and Russian deployed nuclear warheads to their lowest levels since the 1950s.

President Obama, on another matter, said Syria's government has lost its legitimacy by killing tens of thousands of its citizens in a bloody civil war. But he refused to describe the type of military support Washington will provide the rebel forces. Speaking at a news conference Wednesday in Berlin with German chancellor Angela Merkel, Mr.Obama said reports the United States is heading into a new Middle Eastern war in Syria were exaggerated. He repeated his view that President Bashar al-Assad's government has used chemical weapons while acknowledging that Russia was skeptical on this point.

Afghan President Hamid Karzai has cancelled bilateral security talks with the United States, apparently to protest the opening of formal talks with the Taliban insurgent group. VOA's Sharon Benh reports.

Afghan president Hamid Karzai suddenly announced Wednesday that his government is pulling out of the bilateral talks with the United States. The Taliban, which has fought the Afghan government and international troops for more than a decade, this week opened an office in Doha, the capital of Qatar. The United States said it will begin direct talks with the militant group there on Thursday. But Kabul feels the US decision to talk with the militants in a formal and public fashion outside Afghanistan undermines the role of the Afghan government. Sharon Behn for VOA NEWS, Kabul.

The director of the US Federal Bureau of Investigation says the agency is occasionally using drones over the United States, but did not say what the purpose of the surveillance is. At a congressional hearing Wednesday, FBI chief Robert Mueller said the agency is deploying drones for other purposes. He described the domestic use of drones is very, very minimal, very seldom.

US Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke says the bank may ease back on efforts to stimulate the economy later this year because the economy is growing moderately.

Job gains along with the strengthening housing market have in turn contributed to increases in consumer confidence and supported household spending.

But Mr.Bernanke says the jobless rate is still too high so the bank will continue stimulus efforts for the time being.

An official in Somalia says at least 15 people were killed Wednesday as insurgents attacked the UN compound in Mogadishu. Militant group al-Shabab claimed responsibility for the attack.

Nelson Mandela's foundation is going forward with plans to mark his 95th birthday next month despite his ongoing hospital stay. Participants are being asked to do good deeds for 67 minutes to mark Mr.Mandela's 67 years of activism and public work. Some of the suggested actions include volunteering at schools, visiting people at old age homes and feeding those in need. Mr.Mandela remains in a Pretoria hospital where he has been treated for a lung infection.

A new study finds the poorest children in the world's most impoverished communities are twice as likely to contract Malaria. Selah Hennessy reports on the results published in the Lancet medical journal.

Researchers say the study led by Britain's Durham University and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine suggests that alleviating poverty could protect children from Malaria. Durham University professor Steve Lindsay led the research. He says the study highlights a possible new approach to tackling the often fatally mosquito-borne disease.

What's novel about this is thinking about Malaria not just through getting bed nets out or better medicines, but we can actually improve or reduce malaria by assisting development in these communities.

The research is based on an analysis of nearly 5000 English language studies published over the past three decades. Selah Hennessy for VOA NEWS, London.

I'm Ray Kugel, VOA NEWS. You'll listen more on our website at voanews.com.

















该研究以过去30年间近5000项英文研究作为基础。VOA新闻通讯员Selah Hennessy伦敦报道。

以上是Ray Kugel为您带来的报道,有关更多新闻,欢迎访问我们的网站voanews.com。

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